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Shg2007 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Self-Help Group / Sangha G. Venkatesa Reddy, Senior Officer CBR Forum , 14, CK Garden, Wheeler Road Extn, Bangalore – 560 084 Tel. 080-25497387 or 25497388, [email_address] Project Partners Meet 2007
  • 2. What is a Self Help Group/ Sangha?
    • A Self-Help group (SHG) or ‘sangha’ is a voluntary association of people, which functions democratically and accountably, to achieve the collective goals of the group.
  • 3. Why do we need to form SHGs (Sanghas) of PWDs?
    • Organising disabled persons into ‘sanghas’ unites and makes them visible in the larger community. It contributes to changing peoples’ attitude.
    • Members can support one another by sharing information on the availability of services and resources. They can access/ mobilize resources.
    • They come together for the purpose of solving their common problems through self-help/ mutual help/ collective actions.
    • They can understand disability, discrimination and human rights.
    • A means for PWDs to be part of the decision making process.
    • A means to improve the quality of life.
  • 4. Overall Purpose of the SHGs
    • To empower disabled people, through collective action.
    • To take responsibility for their development.
    • To improve the quality of life in personal, social, economic and political aspects.
  • 5. Specific Objectives of SHG
    • To build / enhance the self-confidence and self-esteem of PWDs.
    • To support solidarity amongst disabled people in inclusion, mainstreaming.
    • To enhance access of PWDs to health, education, livelihood services/ opportunities.
    • To create a disabled friendly environment.
    • To initiate and sustain advocacy and lobbying in promoting the rights of disabled people.
  • 6. What are the processes involved in initiating SHGs?
    • Study the situation of people, especially PWDs, : (needs, issues, concerns etc.,).
    • Establish rapport with the local self government, teachers, PHC staff, key leaders in the village.
    • Begin with creating awareness on disability among PWDs, their families and community with a focus on the social model of disability.
    • Discuss with PWDs the concept / need of SHGs.
  • 7. Components of an effective group process
    • Understanding relevance and commitment to goals.
    • Communication of ideas and feelings.
    • Active participation and distribution of leadership.
    • Flexible use of decision-making procedures.
    • Encouragement and constructive management of conflicts.
    • Equality of power and influence.
    • High group cohesion.
    • High problem solving strategies.
    • High interpersonal effectiveness.
  • 8. Features of an ideal SHG
    • Regular attendance.
    • Share information.
    • Acts as a collective to overcome their problems.
    • Utilization of SHG funds for productive purposes.
    • Members get opportunity to build capacities at periodic intervals.
    • SHGs should have developed systems for planning, reviewing and evaluation.
  • 9. Task - oriented function s ( leading others)
    • How clear are the group’s goals?
    • How strongly involved do the members feel in what the group is doing?
    • How well do the members diagnose group problems?
    • How appropriate are the group norms and procedures for achieving the goals?
    • How well are the contributions from various members integrated?
    • How are group decisions made?
    • How fully mobilized and utilized are the potential resources and creativity of the members for accomplishing group goals?
  • 10. Process – oriented functions
    • How much do members enjoy working with the others in the groups?
    • How much encouragement, support and appreciation do the the members give to one another as they work?
    • How freely are the personal and group feelings expressed?
    • How constructively are the members able to use disagreements and conflicts in this group?
    • How sensitive and responsible are the members to the feelings of the others which are not being overly expressed?
  • 11. Key tasks to Sustain Sanghas
    • Form & Strengthen the Sanghas (SHGs), improve the solidarity among the members.
    • Encourage Sangha members to have a vision for the sangha.
    • Enable the members of the Sanghas to determine their goals and objectives and to constitute rules and regulations for better functioning of Sanghas.
    • Sanghas should ensure that its members are respected. They should take assertive action to ensure that their rights are respected.
  • 12. Key tasks to Sustain Sanghas
    • Enable Sangha members to elect their leader and other functionaries of the group.
    • Leaders and other functionaries should assume responsibilities and discharge their functions democratically.
    • Encourage members to learn the decision making process and participate in this process.
    • An additional activity can be to initiate and strengthen savings and thrift activities.
  • 13. Key tasks to Sustain Sanghas
    • Sanghas should acquire knowledge of programmes of the Government and other service providers, and develop action plans to access these services.
    • SHGs should develop contacts and cordial relations with Government officials and other key opinion leaders.
    • The SHG should identify all disabled children, and ensure that they are enrolled in regular schools.
  • 14. Key tasks to Sustain Sanghas
    • Follow-up on the progress of disabled children admitted to schools.
    • Follow up upon assessment, medical intervention and rehabilitation aspects among the members.
    • Assist members to get aids & appliances.
    • Sangha members should learn & maintain books of accounts in the sangha.
    • Promote livelihood activities in the Sangha.
  • 15. Sample of the Roles and Responsibilities of SHG Leaders
    • Responsibilities:
    • Should handle the group money properly
    • Should provide a budget
    • Develop transparency about financial transactions
    • Should develop rapport with other financial institutions
    • Maintain accounts of the group in absence of Secretary
    • Responsibilities:
    • Update records
    • Book-keeping
    • Maintain transparency of transactions
    • Assist in preparing agenda
    • Conduct meeting in the absence of president
    • Liaison with bank and Govt. officials
    • Responsibilities:
    • Prepare an agenda
    • Involve all in discussion and decision-making
    • Take decisions and execute them
    • Resolve conflicts
    • Develop strategy to promote new groups
    • Develop second level leadership
    Role: Plan, maintain and monitor accounts Role: Plan, Act, maintain records Role: Organise, plan, facilitate, guide, monitor, evaluate Treasurer Secretary President
    • Responsibilities:
    • Should handle the group money properly
    • Should provide a budget
    • Develop transparency about financial transactions
    • Should develop rapport with other financial institutions
    • Maintain accounts of the group in absence of Secretary
    • Responsibilities:
    • Update records
    • Book-keeping
    • Maintain transparency of transactions
    • Assist in preparing agenda
    • Conduct meeting in the absence of president
    • Liaison with bank and Govt. officials
    • Responsibilities:
    • Prepare an agenda
    • Involve all in discussion and decision-making
    • Take decisions and execute them
    • Resolve conflicts
    • Develop strategy to promote new groups
    • Develop second level leadership
    Role: Plan, maintain and monitor accounts Role: Plan, Act, maintain records Role: Organise, plan, facilitate, guide, monitor, evaluate Treasurer Secretary President
    • Responsibilities:
    • Should handle the group money properly
    • Should provide a budget
    • Develop transparency about financial transactions
    • Should develop rapport with other financial institutions
    • Maintain accounts of the group in absence of Secretary
    • Responsibilities:
    • Update records
    • Book-keeping
    • Maintain transparency of transactions
    • Assist in preparing agenda
    • Conduct meeting in the absence of president
    • Liaison with bank and Govt. officials
    • Responsibilities:
    • Prepare an agenda
    • Involve all in discussion and decision-making
    • Take decisions and execute them
    • Resolve conflicts
    • Develop strategy to promote new groups
    • Develop second level leadership
    Role: Plan, maintain and monitor accounts Role: Plan, Act, maintain records Role: Organise, plan, facilitate, guide, monitor, evaluate Treasurer Secretary President
  • 16. Guidelines for Role of Community Workers
    • Work with the poor and oppressed, not for them.
    • Development is an awakening process.
    • Let the people grow.
    • Build up the people’s solidarity.
    • Build up the people’s organization.
  • 17. Criteria for Grading Self-help groups*
    • Vision, mission and goals
    • Size of SHGs
    • Economic status of members, newer SHGs, older SHGs
    • Meeting – frequency, time and place
    • Attendance of members at meeting
    • Participation of members in decision making
    • Participation of members in responsibility sharing
    • Rules and regulations
    • Savings
    • Sanctioning of loans
    • Loan repayments
    • Rotation of common fund
    • Idle capital
    • Cash handling
    • Resource mobilization
    • Book keeping and documentation
    • Audits
    • Training programmes
    • Level of PWDs involvement in PME of programmes of PWDs
    • Social and community action programmes
    • Education and literacy
    *Source - UNDP Guidelines
  • 18. Activities of SHG
    • Liaison between local Government and the community facilitator for multi sectoral linkages. Eg. NREGA, SSA, DRDA, AAY, IAY.
    • Assist in accessing appropriate services.
    • Mobilization of resources within the community.
    • Awareness creation and attitudinal changes in the community.
    • Creating a disabled friendly environment.
    • Assist in formation of self help groups in neighboring villages/ community.
  • 19. The need to organise people
  • 20. The need to organise people
  • 21. The need to organise people
  • 22. The need to organise / include PWDs into SHGs?
  • 23. The need to organise / include PWDs into SHGs?
  • 24. It is futile to go it alone
  • 25. Group involvement in reaching the Goal
  • 26. Giving a fish? (Charity)
  • 27. Or teaching to fish? (Empowerment)
  • 28. Planning together at work
  • 29. Initiatives to access resources
  • 30. Full participation at work
  • 31. Equal Distribution of resources
  • 32. Unable to reach Goal
  • 33. Collective action
  • 34. Unable to reach the Goal
  • 35. Equal participation in Sangha activities
  • 36. Authoritative leadership
  • 37. Democratic Leadership
  • 38. Domination of leaders
  • 39. Leaders sharing all responsibilities
  • 40. Full participation in SHG activities
  • 41. SHG and Advocacy
  • 42. Inclusion of SHG members in existing movements
    • Women’s Movement
    • Health Movement
    • Child Rights Movement
    • Education Movement
    • Human Rights Movement
  • 43. Thank you G. Venkatesa Reddy, Senior Officer CBR Forum , 14, CK Garden, Wheeler Road Extn, Bangalore – 560 084 Tel. 080-25497387 or 25497388, [email_address]