Rural and Urban communities and their characteristics
<ul><li>PRIMITIVE CLASSLESS SOCIETY  </li></ul><ul><li>CLASS DIFFERENTIATION & STRUGGLE  </li></ul><ul><li>CLASSLESS SOCIE...
Society in transition <ul><li>PRIMITIVE SOCIETY  - COMMUNAL OWNERSHIP </li></ul><ul><li>DEVELOPED SOCIETY - PRIVATE OWNERS...
<ul><li>Spatial growth does not take place on its own. It happens by the growth of the population in the city . Increase i...
<ul><li>Trade and commerce serve  two  types of functions : </li></ul><ul><li>To supply the requirements of the local popu...
Rural and Urban communities and their characteristics <ul><li>The  urban  world differs from the rural  world by the follo...
Cultural values in rural  and urban areas <ul><li>Cities – activism / challenge , carrier oriented action, individualism /...
<ul><li>Influence of urbanization on society  </li></ul><ul><li>The change in social life – The relationship between caste...
<ul><li>Social consequences of industrialization – </li></ul><ul><li>Industrialization Split the  society into  two major ...
<ul><li>Urban  ecology  </li></ul><ul><li>A city is a multi  functional settlement – A  result  Of social forces  And proc...
Characteristics of the City : <ul><li>absence of  community feeling </li></ul><ul><li>The increase in crime  </li></ul><ul...
Characteristics of the City: <ul><li>Decline in  </li></ul><ul><li>Feeling of society  </li></ul><ul><li>Social control  <...
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3. rural & urban society

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3. rural & urban society

  1. 1. Rural and Urban communities and their characteristics
  2. 2. <ul><li>PRIMITIVE CLASSLESS SOCIETY </li></ul><ul><li>CLASS DIFFERENTIATION & STRUGGLE </li></ul><ul><li>CLASSLESS SOCIETY AT A HIGHER LEVEL </li></ul>
  3. 3. Society in transition <ul><li>PRIMITIVE SOCIETY - COMMUNAL OWNERSHIP </li></ul><ul><li>DEVELOPED SOCIETY - PRIVATE OWNERSHIP IS PREDOMINANT </li></ul><ul><li>STAGES IN DEVELOPMENT- </li></ul><ul><li>Little social differentiation, little inequality, ( community resources owned in common) </li></ul><ul><li>Inequalities appear as wealth increases & ownership escapes community control </li></ul><ul><li>Conscious attempts to diminish inequality and restore community control of key resources </li></ul><ul><li>Unequal distribution of wealth is the cause of conflict </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Spatial growth does not take place on its own. It happens by the growth of the population in the city . Increase in urban population is mainly due to immigrants as there is an assured income provided by the administrative industrial and other opportunities for employment </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Trade and commerce serve two types of functions : </li></ul><ul><li>To supply the requirements of the local population </li></ul><ul><li>The Cater to the needs of the hinterland </li></ul><ul><li>These functions lead to the growth of the city </li></ul>
  6. 6. Rural and Urban communities and their characteristics <ul><li>The urban world differs from the rural world by the following Characteristics : </li></ul><ul><li>Occupation </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Size of community </li></ul><ul><li>Density of population Here was </li></ul><ul><li>Heterogeneity </li></ul><ul><li>Social differentiation and stratification </li></ul><ul><li>Mobility </li></ul><ul><li>Systems Of interactions </li></ul>
  7. 7. Cultural values in rural and urban areas <ul><li>Cities – activism / challenge , carrier oriented action, individualism / self , exposure to media opens up the rest of the world </li></ul><ul><li>Rural areas - fatalism / acceptance , Home centered action , particularism/ family , few contacts with the outside </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Influence of urbanization on society </li></ul><ul><li>The change in social life – The relationship between caste and profession, with people adopting new professions according to interest and profit </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in family organization – In the rural context, families are well organized; the elders exercise significant controlled on the conduct lifestyle and marital Options of the younger Members in the joint family set up. In the urban context the system off giant family is showing the sting signs off disintegration. Youngsters treat elders as conservative and Dole not tolerate Control. </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional occupations like blacksmithy, Goldsmithy, pottery, weaving are Now defunct </li></ul><ul><li>Influence of media : newspapers, tv, and internet </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in lifestyle – Food habits , dress , recreation. </li></ul><ul><li>The social stratification- four major differences between rural and urban social pyramids-Number of classes less in rural society ; extremists of the pyramid are not so far apart.; rural society comprices mainly middle classes, the city is the home of millionaires and paupers. Social mobility is more. </li></ul><ul><li>occupational mobility is more </li></ul><ul><li>rural society Based on solidarity due to similarity , informal non contractual relationships. Urban society Has Low Solidarity based on differences and dis similarities that arise from division of labor and work specialization, greater anonymity. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Social consequences of industrialization – </li></ul><ul><li>Industrialization Split the society into two major groups- The workers and the capitalists – general Standards of living improved from social and economic points of view. More He interest in education arts and his science – Political Awakening- Society democratized – growth of Capitalism – increased Production – Growth In trade – economic crises – un employment – Class conflict – Decline of rural industry. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Urban ecology </li></ul><ul><li>A city is a multi functional settlement – A result Of social forces And processes </li></ul><ul><li>Ecological processes- </li></ul><ul><li>Concentration – people and functions congregate for advantage </li></ul><ul><li>Centralization- Concentration of similar functions for example wholesale , industry , etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Decentralization & Segregation – isolation of specific functions </li></ul><ul><li>Invasion – Expansion of particular functions into neighboring areas </li></ul><ul><li>Succession – The establishment of the function That has encroached upon the neighboring zone permanently-Growth of the zone in transition . </li></ul>
  11. 11. Characteristics of the City : <ul><li>absence of community feeling </li></ul><ul><li>The increase in crime </li></ul><ul><li>no spirit of tolerance </li></ul><ul><li>lack of social security </li></ul><ul><li>Gross disparities </li></ul><ul><li>Break down off cultural Barriers </li></ul><ul><li>Impersonal social relations </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic life </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulating atmosphere </li></ul>
  12. 12. Characteristics of the City: <ul><li>Decline in </li></ul><ul><li>Feeling of society </li></ul><ul><li>Social control </li></ul><ul><li>Family control </li></ul><ul><li>Influence of religion </li></ul><ul><li>Institution of manage </li></ul><ul><li>Change in gender equations </li></ul><ul><li>Shortage of housing </li></ul><ul><li>Growth of slums </li></ul>
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