SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 49
What is a Social Institution?
-a group of social positions, connected
by social relations, performing a social
role, e.g. universities, government,
families.
Characteristics of an Institution?
• Institutions are purposive.
• They are relatively permanent in their
content.
• Institutions are structured.
• Institutions are a unified structure.
• Institutions are necessarily value-laden.
Functions of an Institution?
• Institutions are purposive.
• They are relatively permanent in their
content.
• Institutions are structured.
• Institutions are a unified structure.
• Institutions are necessarily value-laden.
The family is the smallest
social institution with the unique
function or producing and rearing
the young. It is the basic unit of
Philippine society and the
educational system.
Characteristics of the
Filipino Family
 closely knit and has strong family
ties
 has a strong loyalty among
members
 individual interests are sacrificed
over the welfare of the group
 kinship ties are extended to
“compadre” or sponsors
Functions of the Family
 Reproduction of the race and rearing the
young
 Cultural transmission or enculturation
 Socialization of the child
 Providing affection and a sense of security
 Providing the environment for personality
development and the growth of self
concept
 Providing social status
According to Membership
Conjugal or Nuclear Family Husband, wife and children
Consanguine or extended Family
Married couple, their parents, siblings,
grandparents, uncles, aunts and cousins
Kinds of Family Patterns
According to Terms of Marriage
Polyandry One woman married to two or more men
Polygamy One man married to two or more women
Cenogamy
Two or more men mate with two or more
women in group marriage
Kinds of Family Patterns
According to Line of Descent
Patrilineal
Descent is recognized through the father’s
line
Matrilineal
Descent is recognized through the
mother’s line
Bilineal
Descent is recognized through both the
father’s and mother’s line
Kinds of Family Patterns
Kinds of Family Patterns
According to Place of Residence
Patrilocal
Married couple lives with the parents of
the husband
Matrilocal
Married couple lives with the parents of
the wife
Neolocal
Married couple maintains a separate
household and live by themselves
Kinds of Family Patterns
According to Authority
Patriarchal
Father is considered the head and plays a
dominant role
Matriarchal
Mother is considered the head and makes
the major decisions
Equalitarian
Both the mother and father share in
making decisions and are equal in
authority
Super Yano
Multiple Functions of Schools
Technical/economic - refers to the
contributions of the school to the
technical or economic development
and needs of the individual, the
institution, the local community, the
society and the international
community.
Multiple Functions of Schools
Human/social - refers to the
contributions of the school to human
development and social relationships at
different levels of society.
Multiple Functions of Schools
Political - refers to the contributions of
the school to the political development
at different levels of society.
Multiple Functions of Schools
Cultural - refers to the contributions of
the school to the cultural transmission
and development at different levels of
society.
Multiple Functions of Schools
Education - refers to the contributions
of the school to the development and
maintenance of education at the
different levels of society.
Manifest and Latent Functions
of Education
Manifest functions of education are
defined as the open and intended goals or
consequences of activities within an
organization or institution.
Socialization
Social control
Social placement
Manifest and Latent Functions
of Education
Transmitting culture
Promoting social and political
integration
Agent of change
Manifest and Latent Functions
of Education
Latent functions of education are the
hidden, unstated and sometimes
unintended consequences of activities
within an organization or institution.
Restricting some activities
Matchmaking and production of social
networks
Creation of generation gap
Functions of Schools
by Calderon (1998)
 Conservation function
 Instructional function
 Research function
 Social service function
Super Yano
Religion is the socially
defined patterns of beliefs
concerning ultimate
meaning of life’ it assumes
the existence of the
supernatural.
-Stark
Super Yano
Characteristics of Religion
Belief in a deity or in a power beyond
the individual
A doctrine (accepted teaching) of
salvation
A code of conduct
The use of sacred stories
Religious rituals (acts and ceremonies)
Functions of Religion
Religion serves as a means of social control.
It exerts a great influence upon personality
development.
Religion always fear the unknown.
Religion explains events or situations which
are beyond the comprehension of man.
It gives man comfort, strength and hope in
times of crisis and despair.
Functions of Religion
It preserves and transmits knowledge, skills,
spiritual and cultural values and practices
It serves as an instrument of change.
It promotes closeness, love, cooperation,
friendliness and helpfulness.
Religion alleviates sufferings from major
calamities.
It provides hope for a blissful life after death.
Churches, sects and cults
Church – tends to be large, with
inclusive membership, in low tension
with surrounding society and tends
toward greater intellectual
examination and interpretation of the
tenants of religion.
Churches, sects and cults
Sect – has a small, exclusive
membership, high tension with
society. It tends toward the emotional,
mystic, stress faith, feeling, conversion
experience, to be “born again”.
Churches, sects and cults
Cult – the more innovative institutions
and are formed when people create
new religious beliefs and practices.
There are three types: audience cults,
client cults and cult movements.
Elements of Religion
Sacred - refers to phenomena that
are regarded as extraordinary,
transcendent, and outside the
everyday course of events - that is,
supernatural.
Elements of Religion
Legitimation of norms – Religious
sanctions and beliefs reinforce the
legitimacy of many rules and norms
in the community.
Elements of Religion
Rituals – are formal patterns of
activity that express symbolically a
set of shared meanings.
Elements of Religion
Religious Community – Religions
establishes a code of behavior for
the members, who belong and who
does not.
Super Yano
Microeonomics vs. Macroeconomics
Microeconomics - concerned with
the specific economic units of parts
that makes an economic system
and the relationship between those
parts.
Super Yano
Microeonomics vs. Macroeconomics
Macroeconomics - concerned with
the economy as a whole, or large
segments of it.
Basic Economic Problems
 What goods and services to
produce and how much?
 How to produce goods and
services?
 For whom are the goods and
services?
Super Yano
Super Yano
The institution which resolves
conflicts that are public in nature and
involve more than a few people is
called a government. It can be city,
provincial, national or even
international.
Three Branches of the Government
Executive Enforces rules and laws
Legislative Makes rules and laws
Judicial Interprets rules and laws
 Politics - a pattern of human
interaction that serves to
resolve conflicts between
people, institutions, and
nations
Politics and Administration
 Administration - refers to
the aggregate of persons in
whose hands the reigns of
government are for the
time being.
Politics and Administration
 Constituent - contribute to the
very bonds of society and are
therefore compulsary.
Constituent and Ministrant Functions of
the Government
Examples of constituent functions
• The keeping of order and providing
for protection of persons and
property from violence and robbery.
• The definition and punishment for
crimes
• The administration of justice in civil
cases.
Constituent and Ministrant Functions of
the Government
 Ministrant - those undertaken
to advance the general interest
of society such as public works,
charity and are merely optional.
Constituent and Ministrant Functions of
the Government
Social Institutions

More Related Content

What's hot

Sociology Unit 4 Social Institutions Power Point
Sociology Unit 4 Social Institutions Power PointSociology Unit 4 Social Institutions Power Point
Sociology Unit 4 Social Institutions Power Point
MrTimBradley
 
Social system (Sociology)
Social system (Sociology)Social system (Sociology)
Social system (Sociology)
Farhan Ali Khan
 
Structural Functionalism
Structural FunctionalismStructural Functionalism
Structural Functionalism
Janette Balagot
 
433725411-UCSP-DLL-Q2-Week-7 (3).docx
433725411-UCSP-DLL-Q2-Week-7 (3).docx433725411-UCSP-DLL-Q2-Week-7 (3).docx
433725411-UCSP-DLL-Q2-Week-7 (3).docx
KemberlyGama1
 

What's hot (20)

Social stratification
Social stratificationSocial stratification
Social stratification
 
Social stratification
Social stratificationSocial stratification
Social stratification
 
Economic institutions
Economic institutionsEconomic institutions
Economic institutions
 
ECONOMIC INSTITUTION
ECONOMIC INSTITUTIONECONOMIC INSTITUTION
ECONOMIC INSTITUTION
 
Human Society
Human SocietyHuman Society
Human Society
 
Sociology Unit 4 Social Institutions Power Point
Sociology Unit 4 Social Institutions Power PointSociology Unit 4 Social Institutions Power Point
Sociology Unit 4 Social Institutions Power Point
 
social institutions I characteristics and functions of social instititutions
social institutions I characteristics and functions of social instititutionssocial institutions I characteristics and functions of social instititutions
social institutions I characteristics and functions of social instititutions
 
Functionalist Social Theory
Functionalist Social TheoryFunctionalist Social Theory
Functionalist Social Theory
 
Social system (Sociology)
Social system (Sociology)Social system (Sociology)
Social system (Sociology)
 
Sociological Perspective
Sociological PerspectiveSociological Perspective
Sociological Perspective
 
Structural Functionalism
Structural FunctionalismStructural Functionalism
Structural Functionalism
 
Pioneers of sociology
Pioneers of sociologyPioneers of sociology
Pioneers of sociology
 
Social institution
Social institutionSocial institution
Social institution
 
Social Dimension - Social Institution
Social Dimension - Social InstitutionSocial Dimension - Social Institution
Social Dimension - Social Institution
 
433725411-UCSP-DLL-Q2-Week-7 (3).docx
433725411-UCSP-DLL-Q2-Week-7 (3).docx433725411-UCSP-DLL-Q2-Week-7 (3).docx
433725411-UCSP-DLL-Q2-Week-7 (3).docx
 
The human society
The human societyThe human society
The human society
 
Conflict perspective
Conflict perspectiveConflict perspective
Conflict perspective
 
Social institutions
Social institutionsSocial institutions
Social institutions
 
Economic institution
Economic institutionEconomic institution
Economic institution
 
Bba L11 Dt Social Institution
Bba L11 Dt   Social InstitutionBba L11 Dt   Social Institution
Bba L11 Dt Social Institution
 

Similar to Social Institutions

Social dimension Social Institution
Social dimension Social InstitutionSocial dimension Social Institution
Social dimension Social Institution
Sashai Rah
 
8606 Unit 4 CECE.pptx
8606 Unit 4 CECE.pptx8606 Unit 4 CECE.pptx
8606 Unit 4 CECE.pptx
kirnuzma
 
REPORTMAAMVALE.ppt this report is for ed
REPORTMAAMVALE.ppt this report is for edREPORTMAAMVALE.ppt this report is for ed
REPORTMAAMVALE.ppt this report is for ed
hananilantajo1
 
socialinstitution-140123051312-phpapp01.pdf
socialinstitution-140123051312-phpapp01.pdfsocialinstitution-140123051312-phpapp01.pdf
socialinstitution-140123051312-phpapp01.pdf
ansshahzad
 
socialinstitution-140123051312-phpapp01 (1).pptx
socialinstitution-140123051312-phpapp01 (1).pptxsocialinstitution-140123051312-phpapp01 (1).pptx
socialinstitution-140123051312-phpapp01 (1).pptx
AngelicaBautista75
 
sociology significance.pptx educational sociology
sociology significance.pptx educational sociologysociology significance.pptx educational sociology
sociology significance.pptx educational sociology
DevarajuBn
 

Similar to Social Institutions (20)

Social dimension Social Institution
Social dimension Social InstitutionSocial dimension Social Institution
Social dimension Social Institution
 
Social Institutions in Society
Social  Institutions in SocietySocial  Institutions in Society
Social Institutions in Society
 
8606 Unit 4 CECE.pptx
8606 Unit 4 CECE.pptx8606 Unit 4 CECE.pptx
8606 Unit 4 CECE.pptx
 
Socio-cultural-environment.pdf
Socio-cultural-environment.pdfSocio-cultural-environment.pdf
Socio-cultural-environment.pdf
 
Social institution (social dimension)
Social institution (social dimension)Social institution (social dimension)
Social institution (social dimension)
 
REPORTMAAMVALE.ppt this report is for ed
REPORTMAAMVALE.ppt this report is for edREPORTMAAMVALE.ppt this report is for ed
REPORTMAAMVALE.ppt this report is for ed
 
Sociology: Social Institution
Sociology: Social InstitutionSociology: Social Institution
Sociology: Social Institution
 
socialinstitution-140123051312-phpapp01.pdf
socialinstitution-140123051312-phpapp01.pdfsocialinstitution-140123051312-phpapp01.pdf
socialinstitution-140123051312-phpapp01.pdf
 
SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS.pptx
SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS.pptxSOCIAL INSTITUTIONS.pptx
SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS.pptx
 
socialinstitution-140123051312-phpapp01 (1).pptx
socialinstitution-140123051312-phpapp01 (1).pptxsocialinstitution-140123051312-phpapp01 (1).pptx
socialinstitution-140123051312-phpapp01 (1).pptx
 
Social institutions chapter vi
Social institutions chapter viSocial institutions chapter vi
Social institutions chapter vi
 
SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS.pptx
SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS.pptxSOCIAL INSTITUTIONS.pptx
SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS.pptx
 
Social institutions chapter vi
Social institutions chapter viSocial institutions chapter vi
Social institutions chapter vi
 
Society and Culture Unit 1 Slides.pdf
Society and Culture Unit 1 Slides.pdfSociety and Culture Unit 1 Slides.pdf
Society and Culture Unit 1 Slides.pdf
 
sociology significance.pptx educational sociology
sociology significance.pptx educational sociologysociology significance.pptx educational sociology
sociology significance.pptx educational sociology
 
Chapter 8
Chapter 8Chapter 8
Chapter 8
 
unit 6 - 6500.pptx
unit 6 - 6500.pptxunit 6 - 6500.pptx
unit 6 - 6500.pptx
 
unit 5 - 6500.pptx
unit 5 - 6500.pptxunit 5 - 6500.pptx
unit 5 - 6500.pptx
 
VARIOUS-PERSPECTIVE-IN-THE-COMMUNITY-2.pptx
VARIOUS-PERSPECTIVE-IN-THE-COMMUNITY-2.pptxVARIOUS-PERSPECTIVE-IN-THE-COMMUNITY-2.pptx
VARIOUS-PERSPECTIVE-IN-THE-COMMUNITY-2.pptx
 
8606 Unit 1 CECE.pptx
8606 Unit 1 CECE.pptx8606 Unit 1 CECE.pptx
8606 Unit 1 CECE.pptx
 

More from Jan Del Rosario

Reading as a process of development
Reading as a process of developmentReading as a process of development
Reading as a process of development
Jan Del Rosario
 
Mutation, Types and Causes, Chromosomal Variation in Number, Gene Mutation
Mutation, Types and Causes, Chromosomal Variation in Number, Gene MutationMutation, Types and Causes, Chromosomal Variation in Number, Gene Mutation
Mutation, Types and Causes, Chromosomal Variation in Number, Gene Mutation
Jan Del Rosario
 
Cell Biology Lesson Plan
Cell Biology Lesson PlanCell Biology Lesson Plan
Cell Biology Lesson Plan
Jan Del Rosario
 

More from Jan Del Rosario (20)

Non-Mendellian genetics
Non-Mendellian geneticsNon-Mendellian genetics
Non-Mendellian genetics
 
Meteor, Meteorite, Meteoroids
Meteor, Meteorite, MeteoroidsMeteor, Meteorite, Meteoroids
Meteor, Meteorite, Meteoroids
 
Meteor, meteoroid and meteorites
Meteor, meteoroid and meteoritesMeteor, meteoroid and meteorites
Meteor, meteoroid and meteorites
 
Earthquakes and Faults Quiz
Earthquakes and Faults QuizEarthquakes and Faults Quiz
Earthquakes and Faults Quiz
 
Understanding Typhoons
Understanding TyphoonsUnderstanding Typhoons
Understanding Typhoons
 
Magnitude
MagnitudeMagnitude
Magnitude
 
Intensity
IntensityIntensity
Intensity
 
Nervous System
Nervous SystemNervous System
Nervous System
 
Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000(RA 9003 )
Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000(RA 9003 )Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000(RA 9003 )
Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000(RA 9003 )
 
Attitudes
AttitudesAttitudes
Attitudes
 
Gel purification and western blot
Gel purification and western blotGel purification and western blot
Gel purification and western blot
 
Semi-detailed Lesson Plan in Science(MutationV2StudentCentered)
Semi-detailed Lesson Plan in Science(MutationV2StudentCentered)Semi-detailed Lesson Plan in Science(MutationV2StudentCentered)
Semi-detailed Lesson Plan in Science(MutationV2StudentCentered)
 
Gel Purification and Western Blot
Gel Purification and Western BlotGel Purification and Western Blot
Gel Purification and Western Blot
 
Mutation {for my Demo.(full)}
Mutation {for my Demo.(full)}Mutation {for my Demo.(full)}
Mutation {for my Demo.(full)}
 
Semi-detailed Lesson Plan in Biology (MutationV1TeacherCentered)
Semi-detailed Lesson Plan in Biology (MutationV1TeacherCentered)Semi-detailed Lesson Plan in Biology (MutationV1TeacherCentered)
Semi-detailed Lesson Plan in Biology (MutationV1TeacherCentered)
 
Computers as ICT
Computers as ICTComputers as ICT
Computers as ICT
 
Reading as a process of development
Reading as a process of developmentReading as a process of development
Reading as a process of development
 
Mutation, Types and Causes, Chromosomal Variation in Number, Gene Mutation
Mutation, Types and Causes, Chromosomal Variation in Number, Gene MutationMutation, Types and Causes, Chromosomal Variation in Number, Gene Mutation
Mutation, Types and Causes, Chromosomal Variation in Number, Gene Mutation
 
Cell Biology Lesson Plan
Cell Biology Lesson PlanCell Biology Lesson Plan
Cell Biology Lesson Plan
 
Cell membrane and cell wall
Cell membrane and cell wallCell membrane and cell wall
Cell membrane and cell wall
 

Recently uploaded

The basics of sentences session 4pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 4pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 4pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 4pptx.pptx
heathfieldcps1
 
IATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdff
IATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdffIATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdff
IATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdff
17thcssbs2
 
ppt your views.ppt your views of your college in your eyes
ppt your views.ppt your views of your college in your eyesppt your views.ppt your views of your college in your eyes
ppt your views.ppt your views of your college in your eyes
ashishpaul799
 
Financial Accounting IFRS, 3rd Edition-dikompresi.pdf
Financial Accounting IFRS, 3rd Edition-dikompresi.pdfFinancial Accounting IFRS, 3rd Edition-dikompresi.pdf
Financial Accounting IFRS, 3rd Edition-dikompresi.pdf
MinawBelay
 

Recently uploaded (20)

The basics of sentences session 4pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 4pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 4pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 4pptx.pptx
 
Post Exam Fun(da) Intra UEM General Quiz 2024 - Prelims q&a.pdf
Post Exam Fun(da) Intra UEM General Quiz 2024 - Prelims q&a.pdfPost Exam Fun(da) Intra UEM General Quiz 2024 - Prelims q&a.pdf
Post Exam Fun(da) Intra UEM General Quiz 2024 - Prelims q&a.pdf
 
Essential Safety precautions during monsoon season
Essential Safety precautions during monsoon seasonEssential Safety precautions during monsoon season
Essential Safety precautions during monsoon season
 
Removal Strategy _ FEFO _ Working with Perishable Products in Odoo 17
Removal Strategy _ FEFO _ Working with Perishable Products in Odoo 17Removal Strategy _ FEFO _ Working with Perishable Products in Odoo 17
Removal Strategy _ FEFO _ Working with Perishable Products in Odoo 17
 
Championnat de France de Tennis de table/
Championnat de France de Tennis de table/Championnat de France de Tennis de table/
Championnat de France de Tennis de table/
 
philosophy and it's principles based on the life
philosophy and it's principles based on the lifephilosophy and it's principles based on the life
philosophy and it's principles based on the life
 
Word Stress rules esl .pptx
Word Stress rules esl               .pptxWord Stress rules esl               .pptx
Word Stress rules esl .pptx
 
Application of Matrices in real life. Presentation on application of matrices
Application of Matrices in real life. Presentation on application of matricesApplication of Matrices in real life. Presentation on application of matrices
Application of Matrices in real life. Presentation on application of matrices
 
BỘ LUYỆN NGHE TIẾNG ANH 8 GLOBAL SUCCESS CẢ NĂM (GỒM 12 UNITS, MỖI UNIT GỒM 3...
BỘ LUYỆN NGHE TIẾNG ANH 8 GLOBAL SUCCESS CẢ NĂM (GỒM 12 UNITS, MỖI UNIT GỒM 3...BỘ LUYỆN NGHE TIẾNG ANH 8 GLOBAL SUCCESS CẢ NĂM (GỒM 12 UNITS, MỖI UNIT GỒM 3...
BỘ LUYỆN NGHE TIẾNG ANH 8 GLOBAL SUCCESS CẢ NĂM (GỒM 12 UNITS, MỖI UNIT GỒM 3...
 
IATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdff
IATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdffIATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdff
IATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdff
 
Navigating the Misinformation Minefield: The Role of Higher Education in the ...
Navigating the Misinformation Minefield: The Role of Higher Education in the ...Navigating the Misinformation Minefield: The Role of Higher Education in the ...
Navigating the Misinformation Minefield: The Role of Higher Education in the ...
 
Morse OER Some Benefits and Challenges.pptx
Morse OER Some Benefits and Challenges.pptxMorse OER Some Benefits and Challenges.pptx
Morse OER Some Benefits and Challenges.pptx
 
Operations Management - Book1.p - Dr. Abdulfatah A. Salem
Operations Management - Book1.p  - Dr. Abdulfatah A. SalemOperations Management - Book1.p  - Dr. Abdulfatah A. Salem
Operations Management - Book1.p - Dr. Abdulfatah A. Salem
 
ppt your views.ppt your views of your college in your eyes
ppt your views.ppt your views of your college in your eyesppt your views.ppt your views of your college in your eyes
ppt your views.ppt your views of your college in your eyes
 
2024_Student Session 2_ Set Plan Preparation.pptx
2024_Student Session 2_ Set Plan Preparation.pptx2024_Student Session 2_ Set Plan Preparation.pptx
2024_Student Session 2_ Set Plan Preparation.pptx
 
Discover the Dark Web .pdf InfosecTrain
Discover the Dark Web .pdf  InfosecTrainDiscover the Dark Web .pdf  InfosecTrain
Discover the Dark Web .pdf InfosecTrain
 
The Ball Poem- John Berryman_20240518_001617_0000.pptx
The Ball Poem- John Berryman_20240518_001617_0000.pptxThe Ball Poem- John Berryman_20240518_001617_0000.pptx
The Ball Poem- John Berryman_20240518_001617_0000.pptx
 
Features of Video Calls in the Discuss Module in Odoo 17
Features of Video Calls in the Discuss Module in Odoo 17Features of Video Calls in the Discuss Module in Odoo 17
Features of Video Calls in the Discuss Module in Odoo 17
 
Financial Accounting IFRS, 3rd Edition-dikompresi.pdf
Financial Accounting IFRS, 3rd Edition-dikompresi.pdfFinancial Accounting IFRS, 3rd Edition-dikompresi.pdf
Financial Accounting IFRS, 3rd Edition-dikompresi.pdf
 
Exploring Gemini AI and Integration with MuleSoft | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #45
Exploring Gemini AI and Integration with MuleSoft | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #45Exploring Gemini AI and Integration with MuleSoft | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #45
Exploring Gemini AI and Integration with MuleSoft | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #45
 

Social Institutions

  • 1.
  • 2. What is a Social Institution? -a group of social positions, connected by social relations, performing a social role, e.g. universities, government, families.
  • 3. Characteristics of an Institution? • Institutions are purposive. • They are relatively permanent in their content. • Institutions are structured. • Institutions are a unified structure. • Institutions are necessarily value-laden.
  • 4. Functions of an Institution? • Institutions are purposive. • They are relatively permanent in their content. • Institutions are structured. • Institutions are a unified structure. • Institutions are necessarily value-laden.
  • 5.
  • 6.
  • 7. The family is the smallest social institution with the unique function or producing and rearing the young. It is the basic unit of Philippine society and the educational system.
  • 8. Characteristics of the Filipino Family  closely knit and has strong family ties  has a strong loyalty among members  individual interests are sacrificed over the welfare of the group  kinship ties are extended to “compadre” or sponsors
  • 9. Functions of the Family  Reproduction of the race and rearing the young  Cultural transmission or enculturation  Socialization of the child  Providing affection and a sense of security  Providing the environment for personality development and the growth of self concept  Providing social status
  • 10. According to Membership Conjugal or Nuclear Family Husband, wife and children Consanguine or extended Family Married couple, their parents, siblings, grandparents, uncles, aunts and cousins Kinds of Family Patterns
  • 11. According to Terms of Marriage Polyandry One woman married to two or more men Polygamy One man married to two or more women Cenogamy Two or more men mate with two or more women in group marriage Kinds of Family Patterns
  • 12. According to Line of Descent Patrilineal Descent is recognized through the father’s line Matrilineal Descent is recognized through the mother’s line Bilineal Descent is recognized through both the father’s and mother’s line Kinds of Family Patterns
  • 13. Kinds of Family Patterns According to Place of Residence Patrilocal Married couple lives with the parents of the husband Matrilocal Married couple lives with the parents of the wife Neolocal Married couple maintains a separate household and live by themselves
  • 14. Kinds of Family Patterns According to Authority Patriarchal Father is considered the head and plays a dominant role Matriarchal Mother is considered the head and makes the major decisions Equalitarian Both the mother and father share in making decisions and are equal in authority
  • 16. Multiple Functions of Schools Technical/economic - refers to the contributions of the school to the technical or economic development and needs of the individual, the institution, the local community, the society and the international community.
  • 17. Multiple Functions of Schools Human/social - refers to the contributions of the school to human development and social relationships at different levels of society.
  • 18. Multiple Functions of Schools Political - refers to the contributions of the school to the political development at different levels of society.
  • 19. Multiple Functions of Schools Cultural - refers to the contributions of the school to the cultural transmission and development at different levels of society.
  • 20. Multiple Functions of Schools Education - refers to the contributions of the school to the development and maintenance of education at the different levels of society.
  • 21. Manifest and Latent Functions of Education Manifest functions of education are defined as the open and intended goals or consequences of activities within an organization or institution. Socialization Social control Social placement
  • 22. Manifest and Latent Functions of Education Transmitting culture Promoting social and political integration Agent of change
  • 23. Manifest and Latent Functions of Education Latent functions of education are the hidden, unstated and sometimes unintended consequences of activities within an organization or institution. Restricting some activities Matchmaking and production of social networks Creation of generation gap
  • 24. Functions of Schools by Calderon (1998)  Conservation function  Instructional function  Research function  Social service function
  • 26. Religion is the socially defined patterns of beliefs concerning ultimate meaning of life’ it assumes the existence of the supernatural. -Stark Super Yano
  • 27. Characteristics of Religion Belief in a deity or in a power beyond the individual A doctrine (accepted teaching) of salvation A code of conduct The use of sacred stories Religious rituals (acts and ceremonies)
  • 28. Functions of Religion Religion serves as a means of social control. It exerts a great influence upon personality development. Religion always fear the unknown. Religion explains events or situations which are beyond the comprehension of man. It gives man comfort, strength and hope in times of crisis and despair.
  • 29. Functions of Religion It preserves and transmits knowledge, skills, spiritual and cultural values and practices It serves as an instrument of change. It promotes closeness, love, cooperation, friendliness and helpfulness. Religion alleviates sufferings from major calamities. It provides hope for a blissful life after death.
  • 30. Churches, sects and cults Church – tends to be large, with inclusive membership, in low tension with surrounding society and tends toward greater intellectual examination and interpretation of the tenants of religion.
  • 31. Churches, sects and cults Sect – has a small, exclusive membership, high tension with society. It tends toward the emotional, mystic, stress faith, feeling, conversion experience, to be “born again”.
  • 32. Churches, sects and cults Cult – the more innovative institutions and are formed when people create new religious beliefs and practices. There are three types: audience cults, client cults and cult movements.
  • 33. Elements of Religion Sacred - refers to phenomena that are regarded as extraordinary, transcendent, and outside the everyday course of events - that is, supernatural.
  • 34. Elements of Religion Legitimation of norms – Religious sanctions and beliefs reinforce the legitimacy of many rules and norms in the community.
  • 35. Elements of Religion Rituals – are formal patterns of activity that express symbolically a set of shared meanings.
  • 36. Elements of Religion Religious Community – Religions establishes a code of behavior for the members, who belong and who does not.
  • 38. Microeonomics vs. Macroeconomics Microeconomics - concerned with the specific economic units of parts that makes an economic system and the relationship between those parts. Super Yano
  • 39. Microeonomics vs. Macroeconomics Macroeconomics - concerned with the economy as a whole, or large segments of it.
  • 40. Basic Economic Problems  What goods and services to produce and how much?  How to produce goods and services?  For whom are the goods and services? Super Yano
  • 42. The institution which resolves conflicts that are public in nature and involve more than a few people is called a government. It can be city, provincial, national or even international.
  • 43. Three Branches of the Government Executive Enforces rules and laws Legislative Makes rules and laws Judicial Interprets rules and laws
  • 44.  Politics - a pattern of human interaction that serves to resolve conflicts between people, institutions, and nations Politics and Administration
  • 45.  Administration - refers to the aggregate of persons in whose hands the reigns of government are for the time being. Politics and Administration
  • 46.  Constituent - contribute to the very bonds of society and are therefore compulsary. Constituent and Ministrant Functions of the Government
  • 47. Examples of constituent functions • The keeping of order and providing for protection of persons and property from violence and robbery. • The definition and punishment for crimes • The administration of justice in civil cases. Constituent and Ministrant Functions of the Government
  • 48.  Ministrant - those undertaken to advance the general interest of society such as public works, charity and are merely optional. Constituent and Ministrant Functions of the Government