The United Nations Conference on Desertification<br />(Nairobi,1977)<br />
Goals for the Slide cast<br />-This Slide cast is intended to provide a fruitful experience for the listener, expanding on what desertification is as well as delve into what happened at the UN conference in Nairobi<br />-Buckle in it should be a fun ride<br />
That’s great, so what is it?<br />The term desertification refers to the degradation of land in humid areas. The process of desertification remains to be a issue due to human interference as well as climate interference.<br />
History of Desertification:<br />Desertification is also effecting the People’s Republic of China, a major part of the rural population have been settling on farm land, even importing European cattle. The people of China are occupying more and more of the land which could lead to the inevitable desertification. Tropical forests are greatly reduced as the slash and burn tactics are being implemented, for example, in Madagascar, the countries land is becoming more barren. In the Rio Puerco Basin in central New Mexico has been eroding has a result of overgrazing.<br />Desertification has had a profound effect on the past, creating some of the most distinguished landmarks on Earth. In the 1930s, overgrazing and to a lesser extent drought shaped some of the Great Plains in the United States to the “Dust Bowl”. These severe dust storms were not only a product of drought but of over farming as well. If the proper crop rotation is not put into effect the land will become difficult to maintain a successful harvest. Lesser developed countries may have a difficult time adjusting to these issues as a result of their dependants on agriculture and a lack of resources to defend against such a threat. <br />
Countering Desertification:<br />As desertification becomes more of an issue, a larger amount of people are more aware of the issue. Some countries has been developing Biodiversity Actions Plans to combat the effects of desertification. Endangered flora and fauna were a top priority for some of those countries. Many organizations educate the population in order to reduce over farming.<br />
UN Conference on Desertification (Nairobi, 1977):<br /><ul><li>During the 1970’s in West Africa was seeing a loss in human life as a result of desertification
This loss of life was due to a massive drought that hindered the regions development
A loss of livestock and widespread environmental deterioration also occurred
At the time of the conference Nairobi saw a plentiful amount of rain and a large quantity of puddles filled the streets
Prior to the conference many issues were at hand
The southern margin of the Sahara has witnessed five years of uninterrupted drought
Lake China has shrunk to approximately one third of its normal size</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Larger questions were also addressed such as:
Was the Sahelian drought evidence of vast changes in the global climate?
What were the implications of countries who were directly involved?
What is the impact on the international community?
However, perhaps the most important question, what can be done to cushion the effect?</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>In 1977 a United Nations Conference in Nairobi was called to address such issues regarding desertification
“… the diminution or destruction of the biological potential of the land, (which) can lead ultimately to desert-like conditions. It is an aspect of the widespread deterioration of ecosystems, and has diminished or destroyed the biological potential, i.e. plant and animal production, for multiple use purposes at a time when increased productivity is needed to support growing populations in quest of development”</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>The Conference was also put into place to call upon countries with firsthand experience of desertification
The Conference effected all of the participating countries differently
The People’s Republic of China, for example, had its policy makers shift their attention to the barren landscapes. Improving research to make the land healthy again. Chinese politics now after witnessing the destructive nature of desertification first hand viewed the issue as a top priority
The Soviet Union took a different approach. Their State Committee for Science and Technology established international training courses. These courses were implemented to discover ways to combat the harsh effects of desertification
As for the United States and other countries, many different plan of actions were put into effect, making desertification and issue worth trying to solve
Attending the Conference was over 500 delegates from over 94 countries
It took place in Nairobi from the 29th of August to the 9th of September</li></li></ul><li>Plan of Action<br />
Work Cited<br />Batterbury, S.P.J. & A.Warren (2001) Desertification. in N. Smelser & P. Baltes (eds.) International Encyclopædia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Elsevier Press. pp. 3526–3529<br />Glantz, M. H., and N. S. Orlovsky. 1983. Desertification: A review of the concept. Desertification Control Bulletin 9: 15-22.<br />United Nations Conference on Desertification (UNCOD). 1978. Round-up, plan of action and resolutions. New York: United Nations.<br />eist, Helmut (2005) The Causes and Progression of Desertification, Abingdon: Ashgate<br />Reynolds, James F., and D. Mark Stafford Smith (ed.) (2002) Global Desertification – Do Humans Cause Deserts?Dahlem Workshop Report 88, Berlin: Dahlem University Press<br />Wallpaper: (http://desertification.wordpress.com/2008/08/17/mongolia-planting-trees-in-the-southgobi-desert-kh-bilguun/)<br />Soccer ball: Arthur’s soccer clipart (http://www.arthursclipart.org/sportsoccer/soccer/page1.htm)<br />Coaster: (http://ieet.org/index.php/IEET/more/treder20090916)<br />Question Mark: http://www.eachandeverydetail.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2009/07/question-mark.jpg<br />Hat:http://www.fotosearch.com/bthumb/CSP/CSP164/k1645985.jpg<br />http://www.nhdfl.org/about-forests-and-lands/bureaus/natural-heritage-bureau/photo-index/marsh-elder-shrubland.aspx<br />http://www.ethanolmatters.com/Go-To-Stories/Scientists-take-new-look.htm<br />http://www.africanbirdclub.org/countries/Namibia/introduction.html<br />http://www.clker.com/clipart-4678.html<br />http://www.karstdata.cn/uploads/Users/english%20version%20pictures/Karst%20rocky%20desertification%20in%20Anshun%20city,Guizhou.jpg<br />http://si.wsj.net/public/resources/images/NA-AV160_UN_G_20090107183255.jpg<br />http://www.core77.com/blog/news/and_speaking_of_logos_12252.asp<br />http://www.saharamet.com/desert/photos/desert2.jpg<br />http://africa.theworldatlas.net/africa.jpg<br />