DIRECCION DE CULTURA Y EDUCACIÓN GOBIERNO DE LA PROVINCIA DE BUENOS AIRES DIRECCION DE CAPACITACION CURSO DE CAPACITACION INTRODUCCIÓN AL DISEÑO CURRICULAR DE 6to.AÑO SECUNDARIA INGLESDocentes: Rosario Barbieri Marisa Córdoba Asunción Luisa FernándezProfesora: Ana M. QuirogaCiclo Lectivo 2012
Objetivos:Mediante el uso de AICLE, se proponen para los alumnos los siguientes objetivos: Motivar a los alumnos a poner en práctica lo aprendido en contextos de su especialidad. Potenciar el conocimiento y las habilidades aprendidas en otras materias. Saber seleccionar ideas principales y secundarias en un texto expositivo. Crear conciencia sobre:*Los efectos del uso irracional del agua.*La importancia de cuidar el agua*La importancia del consumo de agua para nuestro cuerpo. Desarrollar un pensamiento crítico y constructivo.Fundamentación: El objetivo fundamental de la escuela es preparar a los estudiantes paraingresar en Instituciones terciarias y/o Universitarias o en el mundo del trabajo, sindescuidar su formación integral como ciudadanos. La presencia de materiasrelacionadas con la comunicación en este nivel, tiene como propósito desarrollar elpensamiento crítico de los alumnos para que ellos puedan adoptar una visiónamplia del mundo mediante la reflexión de los códigos de la lengua. Se trataentonces de contribuir en la formación de un egresado que conozca y respete elespíritu de otras culturas y la diversidad , sin poner en riesgo su propia identidad. Ante la necesidad de insertarse en un mundo cada vez más globalizado, laenseñanza del inglés no debe limitarse al estudio de su estructura, sino a lautilización de la lengua en contextos que permitan a los estudiantes apropiarse designificados y desarrollar competencias comunicativas para responder conflexibilidad a la realidad.
KEEP IT FRESH!Pre task 1) Look at the picture. What does it suggest to you? 2) Before you read In small groups write sentences. Think about the picture and predict what the text will be about. 3) Read Crystal Clear 1. Did you know we are water creatures? Water makes up 60% of our bodies, 70% of our brains and 80% of our blood. While we can go almost a month without food, our body cannot survive more than one week without water. Water makes up our flesh and bones and it is the essential ingredient for a healthy life. Among other important functions in the body, water transports nutrients, eliminates waste products, lubricates joints and tissues, facilitates digestion and regulates temperature through sweating.If our engine gets hot, water cools it down and if it gets cold, water heats it up.
2. Proper hydration is especially important for athletes’ comfort and safety. They also need to stay adequately hydrated for optimal performance. The longer and harder they exercise, the more important it is to drink the right amount and type of fluid. Studies have shown that a loss of two or more percent of one’s body weight due to sweating is linked to a drop in blood volume. When this occurs, the heart works harder to move blood through the bloodstream and this can also cause muscle cramps, dizziness and fatigue, plus other serious illnesses. 3. Sports drinks can be helpful to athletes who are exercising at a high intensity for an hour or more. Fluids supplying sixty to a hundred calories help to supply the calories help to supply the calories required for continuous performance. It is not really necessary to replace the loss of sodium and potassium during exercise since you are unlikely to deplete your body’s storesof these mineralsduring normal training. However, if an athlete is in a high level competition over three hours or more- a marathon or long tennis match, for example- he or she may likely want to add a more complex sports drink. 4. No matter what beverage we choose, all of them derive from water. And water also makes up our rivers, lakes, oceans and glaciers, creating the perfect environment for many sports fans in the world. It covers most of our planet but only 3% is fresh water. Less than 1% of all fresh water is readily accessible for human use. As our natural resources are under pressure, we are undergoing a water crisis. Many countries today are experiencing very serious emerging water shortages. One person in five cannot have access to safe drinking water in the world. We live in a thirsty world and it is time to give water a second though and keep it fresh!Read the text and do the activities below 1. Which of the underlined words in the text means…. a)…..a situation when there is not enough of something? b)…..reserves? c)…...the feeling that you are not able to balance?
d)…...loss of water through your skin? e)…...a collection of cells that form different parts of the body? 2. Which of the following statements would you match with each paragraph? a) If you are not a pro, only drinkable water is enough when you exercise. b) If we don’t take care of the planet, drinkable water will soon be over. c) If you don’t drink enough water, your biological functions are altered. d) If you are an athlete, your hydration must be adequately controlled. After you read Complete the following chart with facts about water from the text. WaterIn pair or groups, think about a slogan that reflects the author’s message,comprises the meaning of the text and represents your own point of view about thetopic. Give reasons for your idea.Pre task: Keep it fresh! 1) What does this phrase suggest to you?Share your ideas with your classmate and socialize them with the class. (Teacheris the mediator and guides students so as to make them talk about water)Read:
Water, Our Vital ElementAll living organisms must have an adequate water supply. In most cells, water isthe major fluid in which all the chemicals are suspended. Only waste matter andnutrients that are soluble in water can pass into and out of living cells.About two thirds of the human body is made of water. Food material is dissolved init and carried throughout the body so that it can be used for energy and for buildingbody parts.Water leaves the body as perspiration from the skin, as vapour from the lungs andthrough urine. As the body grows and repairs itself, water is incorporated into thetissues.Water covers more than three fourths of the Earth surface. Our planet is the onlyone in the solar system where the temperature is such, that most of the water onEarth is in liquid form. This is the main reason why life, as we know it, can exist onEarth. Much of the plant life of the ocean flora is seaweed or algae.All ocean food webs are based on these green plants.According to some scientists, more than 90% of all the photosynthesis on Earthtakes place in them. All water animals are adapted to take the oxygen and foodthey need from the water in which they live. Seafood is one of the most nutritioussources of energy. Therefore, great effort must be made to control and preventwater pollution as it directly affects the environment and human health.
Read the text and do the activities below 1. State if the following sentences are true (T) or false (F). a) Water is the major fluid in most cells. b) Water leaves the bodyas perspiration from the skin. c) One third of the Earth surface is covered by water. d) Seafood is a poor source of energy. e) Two thirds of the human body is made of water. f) As the body grows, less water goes into the tissues. 2. Find synonyms in the text for the following words. a) liquid: b) sweat: c) nourishing: d) alive: e) seaweed: 3. Match the words to their definitions. a.cell 1. waste liquid which is discharged from the body a.tissue 2.breathing organs in the chest of human beings and animals c.lungs 3.outer covering of the body d.skin 4.mass of cells in an animal body e.urine 5.microscopic unit of living matter 4. The text explains that water pollution directly affects the environment and human health. Write a list of the possible consequences of water pollution. Environment Human Health Extinction of animal species Remember! We use the passive voice ….
We form the “ passive voice” by putting the verb TO BE into the same tense as the active verb and adding the past participle of the active verb . The object of the active verb becomes the subject of the passive verb . The subject of the active verb becomes the “agent” of the passive verb and it is preceded by “by” . The agent is omitted when it is a) a pronoun; b) words like one, someone, people, c) easily understood. (Someone destroyed the evidence……The evidence was destroyed )Eg. Simple Present: The assistant types reports Reports are typed by assistants (Passive Voice) Simple Past: Somebody constructed the first Ice Hotel in 1990 The first Ice Hotel was constructed in 1990 (Passive Voice) 5) Find examples in the text. After you read FINAL TASK Work in groups. Imagine that you belong to an ecological club and want to raise people’s awareness of the importance of water and the health hazard of water pollution. Design a booklet to give to the community. It shoud include facts about water and its importance, the consequences of water pollution and possible solutions, together with pictures.Bibliography: English Toolkit Level 2Evaluation:Test: 1) Teacher provides sts with 4 titles and sts have to match them with the correct paragraph Match these titles with the correct paragraph : A) a situation when there is not enough of something 1) tissues B) reserves 2) sweating
C) the feeling that you are not able to balance 3) dizziness D) loss of water through your skin 4) stores E) a collection of cells that form different parts of the body 5)shortages 2) Read the text carefully and answer these questios: A) Why water is the essential ingredient for a healthy life? B) What can cause muscle cramps , dizziness and fatigue? C) Can be helpful Sports drinks to athletes ? Why? D) List several sources of water pollution. 3) These sentences were taken from the text but they have wrong information. Read the text and correct them: A) While we can go almost a month without water, our body cannot survive more than one week without food. B) Water transports nutrients, eliminates waste products but doesn´t lubricate joints and tissues C) Many countries aren´t experiencing serious emerging water shortages. D) Water covers only 1% of our planet. 4) Write tips taking into account the importance of water in human health.AUTOEVALUACIÓN : 1) ¿Qué aprendí en esta Unidad? 2) Considero que lo más importante del tema aprendido es……… 3) Enumera cinco puntos a tener en cuenta para el cuidado del agua desde el hogar 4) ¿Qué podemos aportar desde la escuela para contribuir a “la no contaminación del agua”?