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IPv6 Deployment and Distribution in the RIPE NCC Service Region
 

IPv6 Deployment and Distribution in the RIPE NCC Service Region

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Marco Schmidt, 23 April 2012, during the IPv6 Act Now Workshop on the Birzeit University in Palestine.

Marco Schmidt, 23 April 2012, during the IPv6 Act Now Workshop on the Birzeit University in Palestine.

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    IPv6 Deployment and Distribution in the RIPE NCC Service Region IPv6 Deployment and Distribution in the RIPE NCC Service Region Presentation Transcript

    • IPv6 Deployment and Distributionin the RIPE NCC Service Region Marco Schmidt IP Resource Analyst Monday, 23 April 2012
    • Topics:• RIPE NCC• IPv4 - review and last /8• IPv6 - current status• How to get IPv6Marco Schmidt, 23 April 2012 2
    • RIPE NCCMarco Schmidt, 23 April 2012 Text
    • About RIPE NCC• One of the five Regional Internet Registries (RIR)• RIPE NCC service region covers Europe, the Middle East and parts of central Asia• Not-for-profit association, based in Amsterdam• Funded from the membership fee• more than 8000 members throughout the region• Neutral, impartial, open and transparentMarco Schmidt, 23 April 2012 4
    • The five Regional Internet RegistriesMarco Schmidt, 23 April 2012 5
    • IPv6 Address Distribution /3 IANA /12 RIR /32 LIR /48 /56 /48 End User Allocation PA Assignment PI AssignmentMarco Schmidt, 23 April 2012 6
    • IPv4 - review and last /8Marco Schmidt, 23 April 2012 Text
    • RIPE NCC IPv4 Available PoolMarco Schmidt, 23 April 2012 8
    • IPv4 Depletion Worldwide IPv4 Pool in /8’s 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 RIPE NCC AfriNIC LACNIC ARIN APNICMarco Schmidt, 23 April 2012 9
    • IPv4 exhaustion phases IPv4 still available. RIPE NCC’s allocation RIPE NCC can only RIPE NCC continues policy from last /8 distribute IPv6 distributing nowIANA pool RIPE NCC RIPE NCCexhausted reaches pool final /8 exhausted Each ofthe 5 RIRsgiven a /8Marco Schmidt, 23 April 2012 10
    • RIPE NCC’s last /8• We do things differently!• Ensures IPv4 access for all members – 16000+ /22s in a /8 – members can get one /22 (=1024 addresses) – must already hold IPv6 – must qualify for allocation• /16 set aside for unforeseen situations – if unused, will be distributed• No PIMarco Schmidt, 23 April 2012 11
    • Transfer of IPv4 Allocations• Policy 2007-08: Allocation Transfer Policy – Don’t buy your IPv4 on eBay! – Transfer unused allocations to another LIR – Minimum allocation size /21 – Evaluated by RIPE NCC – Update in RIPE Database http://www.ripe.net/lir-services/resource-management/listingMarco Schmidt, 23 April 2012 12
    • Wait and See? 13
    • IPv6 - current statusMarco Schmidt, 23 April 2012 Text
    • Number of addresses (rounded off)• IPv4 – 4,000,000,000• IPv6 – 300000000000000000000000000000000000000 – in /32 are 65,000 /48’s or 16,000,000 /56’s or 4,000,000,000 /64’s – in /48 are 65,000 /64’s – in /56 are 256 /64’sMarco Schmidt, 23 April 2012 15
    • IPv6 Allocations and Announcements9000 RIPE NCC Allocations Total Worldwide Announcements80007000600050004000300020001000 0 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012Marco Schmidt, 23 April 2012 16
    • IPv6 Ripeness • Rating system: – One star if the LIR has an IPv6 allocation – Additional stars if: - IPv6 Prefix is announced on router - A route6 object is in the RIPE Database - Reverse DNS is set up –A list of all 4 star LIRs: http://ripeness.ripe.net/Marco Schmidt, 23 April 2012 17
    • IPv6 RIPEness: 8038 LIRs 1 star 14% 2 stars 6% 3 stars 11% No IPv6 51% 4 stars 18%Marco Schmidt, 23 April 2012 18
    • IPv6 RIPEness: Palestine (18 LIRs) 1 star 17% 2 star 0% 6% 3 star 6% 4 star No IPv6 72%Marco Schmidt, 23 April 2012 19
    • Comparative IPv6 RIPEness - Absolute 1 star 2 stars 3 stars 4 stars No IPv6 70 52.5 42 35 24 25 2 17.5 5 5 13 6 1 3 2 2 9 1 7 7 1 3 0 0 0 PS (18) JO (35) IL (41) SA (64) 20
    • Comparative IPv6 RIPEness - Relative 1 star 2 stars 3 stars 4 stars No IPv6100% 72% 68% 59% 66% 51%75%50% 18% 12% 8% 3% 7% 8% 11%25% 6% 5% 9% 6% 5% 19% 6% 17% 17% 14% 14% 0% 0% 0% PS (18) JO (35) IL (41) SA (64) All (8038 LIRs) 21
    • IPv6 Enabled ASes in Global RoutingMarco Schmidt, 23 April 2012 http://v6asns.ripe.net 22
    • Capacity Building• Training for LIRs• IPv6 hands-on workshops and roadshows – Collaboration with industry and regional Network Operators Groups (like MENOG)• Presenting at various conferences and events• Equipment Requirements document (ripe-501): https://www.ripe.net/ripe/docs/ripe-501• Labs articles: http://labs.ripe.net – IPv6 statistics and measurementsMarco Schmidt, 23 April 2012 23
    • Capacity Building: Outreach• World IPv6 Launch - 6 June 2012 – ISPs,vendors and web companies will permanently enable IPv6 for their products and services• IPv6 Act Now website: http://www.ipv6actnow.org/• RIPEnessMarco Schmidt, 23 April 2012 24
    • Some real world examples• xs4all – Dutch Internet Service Provider (ISP) – 270,000 customers – Offering IPv6 as standard to home users since August 2010 – 18.000 customers (7% of customer base) activated IPv6 by April 2012Marco Schmidt, 23 April 2012 25
    • Some real world examples• Hetzner – Major German Hosting Provider – Offering IPv6 at no additional cost for servers – Set-up extremely easy – IPv6 connectivity production gradeMarco Schmidt, 23 April 2012 26
    • How to get IPv6Marco Schmidt, 23 April 2012 Text
    • Getting an IPv6 allocation from the RIPE NCC• To qualify, an organisation must: - Be an LIR - Have a plan for making assignments within two years• Minimum allocation size /32• Allocation size is based on customer numbers and growth, not on transition technique!Marco Schmidt, 23 April 2012 28
    • RIPE Policy Proposal 2011-04• Extension of the Minimum Size for IPv6 Initial Allocation - Proposes initial allocation up to a /29 - For example, for small LIRs to deploy IPv6 via 6RD (RFC 5969)• Proposal currently in Last CallMarco Schmidt, 23 April 2012 29
    • What does an IPv6 allocation cost?• /32 = 1 scoring unit• /31 = 2 scoring units• points = ∑(2012-1992)x(scoring unit) =20x1+... Category Points Fee 2012 Extra Small 0 - 16 € 1300 Small - 109 € 1800 Medium - 1040 € 2550 Large - 7728 € 4100 Extra Large > 7728 € 5500Marco Schmidt, 23 April 2012 30
    • Getting IPv6 PI address space • To qualify, an organisation must: - Meet the contractual requirements for provider independent resources - LIRs must demonstrate special routing requirements • Minimum assignment size /48 • PI space can not be used for sub-assignmentsMarco Schmidt, 23 April 2012 31
    • Best Scenario: Act Now, Phased Approach• Change purchasing procedure (feature parity)• Check your current hardware and software• Plan every step and test• One service at a time - face first - core - customersMarco Schmidt, 23 April 2012 32
    • Donts• Dont separate IPv6 features from IPv4• Dont do everything in one go• Dont appoint an IPv6 specialist - do you have an IPv4 specialist?• Dont see IPv6 as a product - the Internet is the productMarco Schmidt, 23 April 2012 33
    • Business Case• IPv4 is no longer equal to “the Internet”• Avoiding the issue does not make it go away• How much are you willing to spend now to save money later?• Only IPv6 allows continued IP networking growth• Time for excuses is over “IPv6, act now!”Marco Schmidt, 23 April 2012 34
    • Questions?