Flickr Copyright Policy (although called Flickr, it does endorse back to a Yahoo! TOS)
Any contributions made by suggestions, ideas documents and proposal through the feedback or suggestion web pages become the sole property of the company.
These contributions could be used at any stage, for any purpose worldwide.
Flickr places cookies on your computer. A cookie is a small amount of data, it is stored on your computer’s hard drive. Cookies often includes an anonymous unique identifier.
Electronic files that contain web beacons are also used. Web beacons allows a web site to count the users who have visited that page or to access certain cookies.
Setting up account requires the following information: name, gender, birthday, postcode. Further information was required once logged in. This includes: occupation and interests.
Upon registering verification of email was not required. This would question the legitimacy of some account holders .
Personal information is not disclosed or shared unless:
Obtained consent from account holder,
In order to provide requested services or products,
To comply with legal requests.
If deactivated information may remain in backup storage for a period of time.
Deactivation period takes 90 days, to discourage fraudulent activity.
Ownership of photo remains with the original user, although by using this site you give permission for use worldwide, royalty-free and non license(s).
Agreeing to license allows Yahoo to edit, modify distribute, and display content made available to them, until removed by user.
Yahoo may delete any unsaved communications (emails, postings) or content.
Policy indicates that users must comply with all applicable local, state, and federal rules, regulations, and laws.
Permission must be obtained to post content, otherwise it will breach the property rights, copyright, and trademark.
Inappropriate or infringements of copyrights will see the disablement or termination of the users account(s).
“ Previously, certain copyright infringement complaints were met with the removal of an image, and if the complaint was overruled, the Flickr member who posted the image was allowed to repost it. After the Joker Obama case, Flickr decided to merely replace the image in question with a message, a move that means the discussion below the image is preserved and that eases republication if the removal is overturned”. (Shankland, 2009)
Procedure to notify of copyright breach:
electronic or physical signature of the person authorized to act on behalf of the owner of the copyright or other intellectual property interest;
a description of the copyrighted work,
Location of material - also providing a URL,
a statement by you that you are the owner of said content, or have authority to act on behalf of the complainant,
Yahoo! may forward a copy of a valid Notice including name and email address to the subscriber or account holder,
complainants with attachments will not be received or processed.
In March 2007, Flickr introduced mandatory filtering of all photos and a process of central review of photos by staff to set levels of appropriateness.
Flickr accounts uses a default setting where the account setup are automatically assigned to the status appropriate for a minor. This can be changed by the user in their account profile.
Adult content is permitted only in areas marked ‘adult’. You must be 18 years or older to access these areas.
Based on where your Yahoo! ID is, you won’t be able to turn off Safe search. This applies if your ID is based in Singapore, Hong Kong or Korea.
Filtering continued ….
When uploading your content Flickr offers 2 types of filters:
1. Safety Level
Safe - Content suitable for a global, public audience.
Moderate – This category is used if user is unsure content is suitable for a global audience .
Restricted – This category is not suitable for children.
2. Content Type
Photos / Videos
Illustration/Art / Animation/CGI or other non- photographic images, or
Screencasts / Screenshots
Filtering continued ….
“ On June 12, 2007, in the wake of the rollout of localized language versions of the site, Flickr implemented a user-side rating system for filtering. Many Flickr users, particularly in Germany, protested against the new restrictions, claiming unwanted Censorship”. (Musil, 2007)
On June 20, 2007, Flickr reacted by granting German users access to "moderate" (but not "restricted“)
"The central problem is that Germany has much more stringent age-verification laws than its neighbouring countries and specifies much harsher penalties, including jail time, for those with direct responsibility," namely Flickr's German office staff”. (Shankland, 2007)
On June 1, 2009, Flickr was blocked in China in advance of the 20th anniversary of the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 (Musil,2009)
Friday, 18 May 2007 Rebekka Gudleifsdóttir discovered that eight of her pictures were reportedly being sold by a UK-based online gallery. She raised the issue on Flickr but a photo and comments were deleted (BBC News, 2007).