Development in RE Policy Landscape in the Region           Solar Atlas for the Mediterranean, Final Workshop              ...
About RCREEE (1)                                       RCREEE is an independent not-for-profit                            ...
Vision and MissionVision   The energy systems in the Arab region are characterized by a   significant share of renewable r...
Electricity Generated in RCREEE Countries in 2011In 2011, the generated electricity fromRE reached about 0.6% in RCREEEsta...
RE in RCREEE CountriesRealized, under construction, awardedand tendered RE projects in RCREEECountries                    ...
Operational Capacities and TargetsSolar Energy Existing end 2011: ~75MW PV+ 65 CSP                                        ...
Wind Energy                                                 Operational Capacities and TargetsExisting end 2011: ~957 MW  ...
Realized, under construction, awarded and                                                                                 ...
Accumulated investments for realized,                                                                                     ...
Targets                                Renewable Energy Targets in RCREEE CountriesMorocco                                ...
Examples of Policy development                                                            in Arab Countries    Algeria    ...
Examples of Policy development                                                              in Arab Countries   Algeria   ...
Examples of Policy development                                                      in Arab Countries    Morocco          ...
Examples of Policy development                                                      in Arab Countries Morocco   RE Law 13-...
Examples of Policy development                                                          in Arab Countries     Egypt       ...
Examples of Policy development                                                in Arab Countries    Egypt             publi...
Examples of Policy development                                                                   in Arab Countries     Jor...
Examples of Policy development                                                         in Arab Countries                  ...
RE Policies Landscape                                                          in Arab Countries       Public         Most...
RE Policies Landscape                                                            in Arab Countries            Most of Publ...
RE Policies Landscape                                                                    in Arab Countries    Competitive ...
RE Policies Landscape                                                                      in Arab Countries              ...
Thank you   Tareq Emtairah            Executive Director            Maged Mahmoud            Senior Expert            Regi...
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05 development in re policy landscape in the region final te

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Solar Med Atlas Workshop December 4th, 2012

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05 development in re policy landscape in the region final te

  1. 1. Development in RE Policy Landscape in the Region Solar Atlas for the Mediterranean, Final Workshop Amman, Jordan Tareq Emtairah, Executive Director, RCREEE Maged Mahmoud Senior Expert, RCREEE December 4th, 2012
  2. 2. About RCREEE (1) RCREEE is an independent not-for-profit organization with an international legal status. It is fully owned by its Member States and hosted by Egypt..RCREEE set up is sponsored by Egypt,Germany, Denmark and the EU 2
  3. 3. Vision and MissionVision The energy systems in the Arab region are characterized by a significant share of renewable resources and a highly efficient use of energy. Mission RCREEE initiates regional policy dialogues and promotes strategies and partnerships favourable to Renewably Energy and Energy Efficiency investments in the member states of the Arab Region. Strategic Objectives  Policy Enhancement through regional dialogue  Facts and Figures Reliability through consistent methodologies  Institutions Effectiveness through regional cooperation  People Human Capacities through regional learning and innovation  Finance Accessibility to inter- national and regional funds through inter-regional exchange
  4. 4. Electricity Generated in RCREEE Countries in 2011In 2011, the generated electricity fromRE reached about 0.6% in RCREEEstates. The highest share was inMorocco with 2.9% In the same year , the share of Hydropower was more than 7%. The highest percentage reached was in RCREEE 2012. Sudan with 76.3%
  5. 5. RE in RCREEE CountriesRealized, under construction, awardedand tendered RE projects in RCREEECountries RCREEE 2012. RCREEE 2012. The countries considered are those members in the Regional Center of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (RCREEE), i.e. the southern and eastern Mediterranean Arab Countries plus Bahrain, Iraq, Sudan and Yemen. The capacities include the awarded and under construction projects, e.g. the 60MW wind under construction in Libya and the recently awarded PV projects in Bahrain are taken into consideration, the total capacity of wind in Egypt includes the operational 550MW plus the recently awarded 200MW, similarly, the Moroccan CSP capacity includes the operational 20MW plus 160MW recently awarded, and so on.
  6. 6. Operational Capacities and TargetsSolar Energy Existing end 2011: ~75MW PV+ 65 CSP 1750MWPV+ ~ 1700 MW 250MW CSP by by 2030 2030 150MW by 200 MW 2020 by 2020 40MW PV+20MW CSP by 2020 100MW PV+ 2000 MW 500MW CSP by 2020 2800MW PV+7200MW 400 MW 2800 MW CSP + CSP CSP+800MW PV 700MW PV by 2030 by 2025 by 2027 20MWPV+40 MW CSP by 2016 Only for RCREEE MS
  7. 7. Wind Energy Operational Capacities and TargetsExisting end 2011: ~957 MW 114 MW 2000MW by 2030 200 MW by 2020 400MW ~ 2700 MW by 2016 by 2030 18MW 291MW by 2020 1.4 MW2000 MW 1200 MW by 2020 by 2020 550 MW ~1750 MW >7200 MW by 2030 1000 MW by 2020 by 2020 400 MW ~ 350 MW by 2025 by 2016 Only for RCREEE MS
  8. 8. Realized, under construction, awarded and Capacitiestendered RE projects (MW) - end 2011 Egypt Morocco Tunis Wind Sudan CSP Yemen PV Libya Syria Jordan Algeria Bahrain Palestine Lebanon Iraq RCREEE 2012. 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 Capacity (MW) The countries considered are those members in the Regional Center of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (RCREEE), i.e. the southern and eastern Mediterranean Arab Countries plus Bahrain, Iraq, Sudan and Yemen. The capacities include the awarded and under construction projects, e.g. the 60MW wind under construction in Libya and the recently awarded PV projects in Bahrain are taken into consideration, the total capacity of wind in Egypt includes the operational 550MW plus the recently awarded 200MW, similarly, the Moroccan CSP capacity includes the operational 20MW plus 160MW recently awarded, and so on.
  9. 9. Accumulated investments for realized, Investmentsunder construction, awarded and tendered RE projects ($ Million) Egypt Morocco Tunis 2011 Sudan 2008 Yemen Libya Syria Jordan Algeria Bahrain Palestine Lebanon Iraq RCREEE 2012. 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 Investments ($ million) The countries considered are those members in the Regional Center of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (RCREEE), i.e. the southern and eastern Mediterranean Arab Countries plus Bahrain, Iraq, Sudan and Yemen. The capacities include the awarded and under construction projects, e.g. the 60MW wind under construction in Libya and the recently awarded PV projects in Bahrain are taken into consideration, the total capacity of wind in Egypt includes the operational 550MW plus the recently awarded 200MW, similarly, the Moroccan CSP capacity includes the operational 20MW plus 160MW recently awarded, and so on. Some investments for projects were not disclosed , and accordingly estimations based on average regional market prices were used for different technologies , taking into account the year of operation for relevant project and the corresponding cost trends , e.g. PV off grid systems prices used were $ 8,7,6, and 5/kWp for the years 2008, 2009,2010, and 2011 respectively
  10. 10. Targets Renewable Energy Targets in RCREEE CountriesMorocco 42% by 2020 (electricity) Tunis 40% by 2030 (electricity) Algeria 40% by 2030 (electricity)Palestine 25% by 2020 (energy) Egypt 20% by 2020 (electricity) Yemen 15% by 2025 (electricity)Lebanon 12% by 2020 (electricity) Sudan 10% by 2016 (electricity) Libya 10% by 2025 (electricity) Jordan 10% by 2020 (P.E.) Syria 4% by 2030 (P.E.) Iraq 2% by 2030 (electricity) Bahrain 0% RCREEE 2012. 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% RE Share (%) The countries considered are those members in the Regional Center of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (RCREEE), i.e. the southern and eastern Mediterranean Arab Countries plus Bahrain, Iraq, Sudan and Yemen. The capacities include the awarded and under construction projects, e.g. the 60MW wind under construction in Libya and the recently awarded PV projects in Bahrain are taken into consideration, the total capacity of wind in Egypt includes the operational 550MW plus the recently awarded 200MW, similarly, the
  11. 11. Examples of Policy development in Arab Countries Algeria Key players: • Ministry of Energy and Mines • Sonelgas (Utility) • Algerian electricity and gas regulatorNational RE Strategy announced in • CDER April 2011. CSP in national RE Plan 300 MW (2 projects × 150 2012-2013 Targets includes 40% of MW/project)22GW RE 12GW for domestic 37% of 1200 MW solar 2016-2020capacity domestic electricity (4 projects total)between demand will be from and 1500 MW2011 and and 10GW RE sources 3% of wind. 2021 - 2023 2030, for export by 2030 (500 MW/year) 4200 MW (600 MW/year) 2024 - 2030 PV in national RE Plan 800 MW By 2020 2,000 MW 2021 -2030 (200 MW/year)
  12. 12. Examples of Policy development in Arab Countries Algeria Electricity and the distribution of gas Law (2002) Law (2004) : the promotion of renewable energy (FIT!!!) Executive Decree (2004): Priority to using RE and the guarantee of transmission andExisting distribution by the network operators are fixed by the regulation. Order (2008): RE is given priority access to the grid without curtailment Finance law for 2010 : national fund for RE financed by oil royalties and other resources and contributions. Tax advantages (customs duties) may be granted for projects promoting renewable energy. For investments, financial support scheme in addition to FiT/FiP, and low interest bank loans. Planned Possible condition local partner (Rule of 51% for local and 49% for the foreign investor). Grid issues: Rules on capacity allocation, congestion management and the use of interconnections
  13. 13. Examples of Policy development in Arab Countries Morocco Key players: • the Ministry for Energy, Mines, Water and Environment • MASEN National Strategy (2009) • SEI • ADEREE • L’Office National de l’Electricité (ONE) RE Proposed sites for the Includescontributi capacity of 2000 MW Moroccan solar plan 14% solar, on in the 2,000 MW of wind 14% windelectricity of solar energy by and 14% mix will energy 2020 hydroreach 42%
  14. 14. Examples of Policy development in Arab Countries Morocco RE Law 13-09 referring to renewable energy (2010) introduces 4 major innovations: Free competition, Access to grid, export electricity , direct transport lines. Law 16-09 for creation of ADEREE (2010)Existing Law 57 -09 for creation of MASEN (2010) Creation of Energy Development Fund (FDE) with 1 billion USD coming from grants and creation of Energy Investments Company (SIE) funded by FDE (2010)
  15. 15. Examples of Policy development in Arab Countries Egypt Key players: • Ministry of Electricity & Energy • EgyptERA • NREA • EETC/EEHC National Strategy Solar targets includes target reaching The wind A state owned CSP project of 6% hydro, 700MW 20% of target 12% Wind PV+ 100 MW +20MW x 2 PV total >7GW by and 2% 2800MW projects are underelectricity 2020 solar and CSP by preparation.generated (announced other 2027 from RE 2008) RETs. (announcedby 2020. 2011)
  16. 16. Examples of Policy development in Arab Countries Egypt public investments in state owned project through the government RE arm, NREAExisting private investments based on competitive bidding (only wind currently) Electricity law RE fund Many incentives for Planned wind projects (LUA, FiT < 50MW. PPA, permits, EIA …..)! Solar plan
  17. 17. Examples of Policy development in Arab Countries Jordan RE&EE Law No. (3) Of 2010. Including the possibility of many incentives.: Land use list Public tenders Direct proposals Net metering (Attractive) RE fund Indicative Reference Price for each type of REs is announced in accordance with Law for direct proposals Direct proposals Indicative PriceNet Metering RE source Tariff US $ CENTS / kWh Wind Energy 12RE source Tariff US $ CENTS / kWhSolar Energy 17 Solar Energy 19Hybrid Systems 13.4 PV 17Other sources 12 Bio mass 12.7 Bio gas 8.5
  18. 18. Examples of Policy development in Arab Countries Syria Lebanon In December 2011, National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEAP) 2011-2015 was announced confirming national target of 12% of RE by 2020Electricity Law no. 32 issued in 2010 Net Metering concept is approved to allow grid- connected users to generate and sell electricityIn 2011, a decree for the feed in tarifffor some preferred RES up to 10MW NEEAP initiative 7 targets Electricity Generation from Solar Energy (PV+CSP) FS
  19. 19. RE Policies Landscape in Arab Countries Public Most of operational Public ownership model for the first large projects projects !!!!! scale RE projects Public utilities/agencies could take advantage of :Rationale: • Grants and soft loans availed through international cooperation • lower cost debt compared to private developers, • longer debt payment periods • loan sovereign guarantees. • Public utilities/agency would also require very low ROE compared to private developers.
  20. 20. RE Policies Landscape in Arab Countries Most of Public operationalprojects projects !!!!! Several positive measures are being taken by some governments to ensure financiers’ interest: Long term PPA RE Fund Grid connection permission, priority in dispatching Financial contributions for investments and grid infrastructure. Availing land, Taxes exemptions.
  21. 21. RE Policies Landscape in Arab Countries Competitive Emerging Competitive bidding  IPP – BOO approach bids trend !!!!! (already adopted in some countries)Rationale: Countries could take advantage of : • Controlling the increase in RE capacities with reference to the capacity of transmission system and capacity of the market to absorb. • Increasing local manufacturing. • Increasing private investments. • Achieving the lowest possible prices. • Providing the investors with guarantees through long term power purchase agreements •Sometimes designed as a fast track for private investments to be followed by FiT •Mostly targeting large-scale projects. • Innovative resource risk mitigation approach (joint campaign for qualified developers)
  22. 22. RE Policies Landscape in Arab Countries RE projects development approaches Public PPP Private Auto- Competitive EPC FiT Net metering producers (self bids or 3rd party) Most of Mainly for Preferredoperational Emerging small to New but (backup andRE projects trend !!!!! medium scale promising !! wheeling !!!!! projects agreements !)
  23. 23. Thank you Tareq Emtairah Executive Director Maged Mahmoud Senior Expert Regional Centre for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (RCREEE) Building of the Hydro Power Plants Execution Authority, 7th floor, Ministry of Electricity and Energy , Melsa District – Ardh El Golf Nasr City - Cairo, Egypt T. +2-02-24154691 F. +2-02-24154661 w. www.rcreee.org

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