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Disaster management
Disaster management
Disaster management
Disaster management
Disaster management
Disaster management
Disaster management
Disaster management
Disaster management
Disaster management
Disaster management
Disaster management
Disaster management
Disaster management
Disaster management
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Disaster management

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  • 1. Prepared by: Sumit yadav
  • 2. WHAT IS DISASTER MANAGEMENT Disaster management is a systematic plan of action designed for immediate implementation at the time of disasters or emergency situations. It encompasses a wide range of activities such as emergency response, relief & recovery, rehabilitation etc.
  • 3. TYPES OF DISASTERS  Natural Disaster & Man-Made Disaster
  • 4. Natural Disaster A natural disaster is an event with a natural, as opposed to human cause that results in largescale loss of life or damage to property. It could be related to weather, geology, biology or even factors outside the Earth.
  • 5. Types of Natural Disaster Hurricane Earthquake Natural Disasters Floods Droughts
  • 6. Effects of Natural Disaster  PHYSICAL DESTRUCTION  EMOTIONAL TOLL  ECONOMIC CONCERNS
  • 7. Strategies for Natural Disaster Earthquake Before the Disaster During the Disaster After the Disaster • • • • Identify safe places indoor or outdoor Ensure all family members know how to respond after an earthquake • If indoors: Take cover under a piece of heavy furniture or against an inside wall and stay inside If outdoors: Move into the open, away from buildings, street lights, & utility wires and remain there until shaking stops • • Be prepared for after shocks Help injured or trapped persons and give first aid where appropriate Stay out of damaged buildings and return home only when authorities say it is safe
  • 8. Flood Before the Disaster During the Disaster After the Disaster • • • • • Learn warning signs and community alert systems Plan and practice an evacuation route Develop an emergency communication plan in case of separation • • If indoors: If told to leave, do so immediately. Climb to high ground and stay there Avoid walking through any floodwaters • • Don't return home until authorities express express it is safe to do so Use extreme caution when entering buildings Help neighbors whom may need assistance Hurricane Before the Disaster During the Disaster • • • • Have disaster supplies kit Teach family members when and how to turn off gas and electricity After the Disaster Listen to radio for instructions • Take blankets and sleeping bags to a shelter and leave immediately • Avoid loose power lines and report them to the power company Stay tuned to radio for information
  • 9. Man-Made Disaster A disaster resulting from human intent, negligence, or error. The results are usually wide scale destruction, and high cost. Oil spills are examples of man-made disasters.
  • 10. Types Of Man-Made Disasters Man-Made Hazards Technological Hazards Transportation Hazards • Civil Disorder • Terrorism • War • Industrial Hazards • Structural Collapse • Power Outage • • • • Aviation Railroad Roads Marine
  • 11. Effects Of Man-Made Disasters  ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION • Air Pollution • Water Pollution • Land Pollution • Radiation  RIOTS  PHYSICAL DESTRUCTION  LOSS OF LIVES
  • 12. Stratigies for Disaster Management In case of Nuclear Power Plant Incident Before the Disaster During the Disaster After the Disaster • • • • • Always have emergency tool kit Plan places where your family will meet, both within and outside of your immediate neighborhood. Evacuation routes • • Follow the Emergency Alert System (EAS) instructions carefully. If you are told to evacuate, keep car windows and vents closed; use recirculating air do that . Stay out of the incident zone if you can. • • Go to the nearest designated public shelter if you have been told to evacuate or you feel it is unsafe to remain in your home Change your clothes and shoes; put exposed clothing in a plastic bag; seal it and place it out of the way. Seek medical treatment for unusual symptoms, as soon as possible.
  • 13. In case of Hazardous Material Incident Before the Disaster During the Disaster After the Disaster • • • • Build an Emergency Supply kit, which includes items like non-perishable food, water, a batterypowered radio, extra flashlights and batteries Make a Family Emergency Plan. Your family may not be together when disaster strikes. • Follow the routes recommended by the authorities--shortcuts may not be safe. Leave at once. Go into the pre-selected shelter room. This room should be above ground and have the fewest openings to the outside. • Act quickly if you have come in to contact with or have been exposed to hazardous chemicals. Listen to local radio or television stations for the latest emergency information.

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