The Impact of the  National Network of Institutes/Academies  of Sport in Australia Peter Spence Victorian Institute of Spo...
SIS/SAS Network NTIS ‘ 96 NSWAS ’84 NSWIS’ 96 NESC ‘ 93 QAS ‘ 91 VIS ‘ 90 ACTAS ‘ 89 AIS ‘ 81 SASI ‘ 82 WAIS ‘ 84 The Futu...
<ul><li>Australia…. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Outdoor culture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>proud sporting heritage at national a...
<ul><li>What is the impact of performance excellence (F1GP, Aust Open, Major Events etc)? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the im...
AUSTRALIAN MEDAL TALLY Olympic Games 1956- 1976 <ul><li>Olympic Games  Gold  Silver  Bronze  Total </li></ul><ul><li>1956 ...
AUSTRALIAN MEDAL TALLY   Olympic Games 1980-2004 <ul><li>Olympic Games  Gold  Silver  Bronze  Total </li></ul><ul><li>1980...
AUSTRALIAN MEDAL TALLY   Commonwealth Games 1958 - 1978 <ul><li>C’wealth Games  Gold  Silver  Bronze  Total </li></ul><ul>...
AUSTRALIAN MEDAL TALLY   Commonwealth Games 1982 - 2002 <ul><li>C’wealth Games  Gold  Silver  Bronze  Total </li></ul><ul>...
FACTORS CONTRIBUTING  TO RESURGENCE <ul><li>Development of Sports Institutes and Academies </li></ul><ul><li>Adequate Fund...
Development of  Sports Institutes and Academies <ul><li>TASI Report 1975 </li></ul><ul><li>Australian Institute  </li></ul...
Development of  Sports Institutes and Academies <ul><li>Emergence of  </li></ul><ul><li>State and Territory Institutes and...
National SIS/SAS Network WAIS 1984 TIS 1987 AIS 1981 SASI 1982 NSWIS 1996 QAS 1991 VIS 1990 NTIS 1996 ACTAS 1989 Institute...
Adequate Funding
SIS/SAS State Institutes/Academies of Sport <ul><li>Early Adopters: eg SASI, WAIS, TIS </li></ul><ul><li>Broader Approach ...
AIS (Australian Institute of Sport) <ul><li>Established 1981 in Canberra </li></ul><ul><li>8 Foundation Sports  with athle...
AIS Expansion <ul><li>1984 Hockey Perth </li></ul><ul><li>1985 Diving Brisbane </li></ul><ul><li>Squash Brisbane </li></ul...
AIS Expansion <ul><li>1990 Volleyball Sydney </li></ul><ul><li>Rugby Union Sydney </li></ul><ul><li>1991 Golf Melbourne </...
AIS <ul><li>In 2000, Baseball, Wrestling & Shooting lost AIS status </li></ul><ul><li>Boxing, Archery & Women’s Soccer ret...
AIS <ul><li>Objectives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to enhance the sporting performances of Australia’s elite and potential elite...
AIS <ul><li>AIS has 3 units to achieve their objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Elite sport </li></ul><ul><ul><li>scholarship pr...
Intensive Training Centres (ITC’s) <ul><li>Est. 1989-90  Basketball Hockey </li></ul><ul><li>  Cycling Rowing </li></ul><u...
ACE Program (Athlete Career and Education) <ul><li>Formally Sports LEAP (Life skills for Elite Athletes) </li></ul><ul><li...
SASI est. 1982 (South Australia Sports Institute) <ul><li>Initially at Underdale Campus SACAE; relocated to Kidman Park </...
SASI <ul><li>Objectives: </li></ul><ul><li>High performance (individual):  to promote, provide and develop opportunities f...
SASI <ul><li>Objectives cont. </li></ul><ul><li>Sport Science:  to promote and provide for the development and use of spor...
WAIS est. 1984 (West Australian Institute of Sport) <ul><li>WAIS established good programs and achieved success </li></ul>...
TIS est. 1985  (Tasmanian Institute of Sport) <ul><li>Small population but three distinct areas – North, Nth West and Sout...
ACTAS est 1989  (Australian Capital Territory Academy of Sport) <ul><li>Founded to assist elite and developing athletes an...
VIS est. 1990   (Victorian Institute of Sport) <ul><li>Mission To provide an environment in which talented Victorian athle...
VIS <ul><li>Values </li></ul><ul><li>We are  committed  to the pursuit of  excellence  in sport and in life  </li></ul><ul...
VIS Structure
VIS Sports 2004-05 <ul><li>Tier 1: Athletics, Baseball, Cricket, Cycling, Golf, Gymnastics, Hockey, Netball, Rowing, Socce...
VIS Sports 2004-05 (cont) <ul><li>Tier 3 (individual scholarship): Badminton, Canoe - Sprint, Cricket (Women’s) Cycling (M...
VIS Recent Initiatives <ul><li>AIF05 – first sport event in Innovation Festival </li></ul><ul><li>Sport Science initiative...
QAS est 1991  (Queensland Academy of Sport) <ul><li>Provides support for over 500 athletes in 18 sports </li></ul><ul><li>...
NESC formed 1993  (National Elite Sport Council) <ul><li>Aim to achieve greater coordination of high performance </li></ul...
NSWAS est 1984 NSWIS est 1996 (New South Wales Institute of Sport) <ul><li>NSWAS at Narrabeen to provide support services ...
NTIS est 1996 (Northern Territory Institute of Sport) <ul><li>Sparse population, vast expanse, challenging country </li></...
The Future <ul><li>2020 </li></ul><ul><li>What will be the key issues that sport will have to address? </li></ul><ul><li>H...
Cirque du Soleil
Sustainability of HP programs  <ul><li>Pathways </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitation of excellence </li></ul><ul><li>Community s...
Pathways
Pathways cont.
Hannover Principles World Fair 2000 <ul><li>Theme:  Humanity, Nature and Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Humanity and Nature ...
Hannover Principles cont.  World Fair 2000 <ul><li>Eliminate the concept of waste </li></ul><ul><li>Rely on natural energy...
The Future VIS <ul><li>The Institute of the Future ;  The Institute of One  </li></ul><ul><li>Individualised  program of s...
Thanks for reading Please visit me at  peterspence.com.au Or via Twitter at  @pspence5
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National network of institutes2

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An outline of the evolution of the network of institutes and academies of sport in Australia

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National network of institutes2

  1. 1. The Impact of the National Network of Institutes/Academies of Sport in Australia Peter Spence Victorian Institute of Sport May 2005
  2. 2. SIS/SAS Network NTIS ‘ 96 NSWAS ’84 NSWIS’ 96 NESC ‘ 93 QAS ‘ 91 VIS ‘ 90 ACTAS ‘ 89 AIS ‘ 81 SASI ‘ 82 WAIS ‘ 84 The Future VIS The Future TIS ‘ 85 The Impact Of National Network Of Institutes/Academies In Sport in Australia Evolution of Institutes & Academies of Sport in Australia
  3. 3. <ul><li>Australia…. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Outdoor culture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>proud sporting heritage at national and international levels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>high living standards </li></ul></ul><ul><li>But……. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>small, widely dispersed population </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>comfortable way of life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>vast continent & remote global position </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>What is the impact of performance excellence (F1GP, Aust Open, Major Events etc)? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the impact of international sporting success on Australia and Australians? </li></ul><ul><li>How is the sporting system measured? </li></ul>
  5. 5. AUSTRALIAN MEDAL TALLY Olympic Games 1956- 1976 <ul><li>Olympic Games Gold Silver Bronze Total </li></ul><ul><li>1956 Melbourne 13 8 14 35 </li></ul><ul><li>1960 Rome 8 8 6 22 </li></ul><ul><li>1964 Tokyo 6 2 10 18 </li></ul><ul><li>1968 Mexico City 5 7 5 17 </li></ul><ul><li>1972 Munich 8 7 2 17 </li></ul><ul><li>1976 Montreal 0 1 4 5 </li></ul>
  6. 6. AUSTRALIAN MEDAL TALLY Olympic Games 1980-2004 <ul><li>Olympic Games Gold Silver Bronze Total </li></ul><ul><li>1980 Moscow 2 2 5 9 </li></ul><ul><li>1984 Los Angeles 4 8 12 24 </li></ul><ul><li>1988 Seoul 3 6 5 14 </li></ul><ul><li>1992 Barcelona 7 9 11 27 </li></ul><ul><li>1996 Atlanta 9 9 23 41 </li></ul><ul><li>2000 Sydney 16 25 17 58 </li></ul><ul><li>2004 Athens 17 16 16 49 </li></ul>
  7. 7. AUSTRALIAN MEDAL TALLY Commonwealth Games 1958 - 1978 <ul><li>C’wealth Games Gold Silver Bronze Total </li></ul><ul><li>1958 Cardiff 27 22 17 66 (2) </li></ul><ul><li>1962 Perth 38 36 31 105 (1) </li></ul><ul><li>1966 Kingston 23 28 22 73 (2) </li></ul><ul><li>1970 Edinburgh 36 24 22 82 (2) </li></ul><ul><li>1974 Christchurch 29 29 25 83 (1) </li></ul><ul><li>1978 Edmonton 24 33 27 84 (3) </li></ul>
  8. 8. AUSTRALIAN MEDAL TALLY Commonwealth Games 1982 - 2002 <ul><li>C’wealth Games Gold Silver Bronze Total </li></ul><ul><li>1982 Brisbane 39 39 29 107 (2) </li></ul><ul><li>1986 Edinburgh 40 46 33 119 (2) </li></ul><ul><li>1990 Auckland 52 54 56 162 (1) </li></ul><ul><li>1994 Victoria 87 52 43 182 (1) </li></ul><ul><li>1998 Kuala Lumpur 80 60 58 198 (1) </li></ul><ul><li>2002 Manchester 82 62 63 207 (1) </li></ul>
  9. 9. FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO RESURGENCE <ul><li>Development of Sports Institutes and Academies </li></ul><ul><li>Adequate Funding </li></ul><ul><li>Targeted Support </li></ul><ul><li>Program Decentralisation </li></ul><ul><li>Coaching Expertise </li></ul><ul><li>Utilisation of Support Services </li></ul><ul><li>Pyke 2002 </li></ul>
  10. 10. Development of Sports Institutes and Academies <ul><li>TASI Report 1975 </li></ul><ul><li>Australian Institute </li></ul><ul><li>of Sport (AIS) – 1981 Canberra </li></ul><ul><li>Decentralised AIS Programs </li></ul>
  11. 11. Development of Sports Institutes and Academies <ul><li>Emergence of </li></ul><ul><li>State and Territory Institutes and Academies </li></ul><ul><li>1982-1996 </li></ul><ul><li>National Elite Sports Council (NESC) formed in 1993 </li></ul>
  12. 12. National SIS/SAS Network WAIS 1984 TIS 1987 AIS 1981 SASI 1982 NSWIS 1996 QAS 1991 VIS 1990 NTIS 1996 ACTAS 1989 Institutes and Academies of Sport in Australia SIS / SAS AIS regional unit
  13. 13. Adequate Funding
  14. 14. SIS/SAS State Institutes/Academies of Sport <ul><li>Early Adopters: eg SASI, WAIS, TIS </li></ul><ul><li>Broader Approach </li></ul><ul><li>(+ Junior Devt. Women Sport, Coach Education) </li></ul><ul><li>Late Adopters: eg VIS, QAS, NSWIS </li></ul><ul><li>High Performance focus </li></ul><ul><li>Partnership with sports </li></ul><ul><li>Underpinning programs </li></ul>
  15. 15. AIS (Australian Institute of Sport) <ul><li>Established 1981 in Canberra </li></ul><ul><li>8 Foundation Sports with athletes relocating to ACT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Basketball </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gymnastics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Netball </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soccer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Swimming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tennis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Track & Field </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weightlifting </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. AIS Expansion <ul><li>1984 Hockey Perth </li></ul><ul><li>1985 Diving Brisbane </li></ul><ul><li>Squash Brisbane </li></ul><ul><li>1987 Cricket Adelaide </li></ul><ul><li>Cycling (Track) Adelaide </li></ul><ul><li>1988 Sprint Canoe Sunshine Coast, Qld </li></ul><ul><li>1989 AIS amalgamated with the Australian Sports Commission (with AIS as the Elite sports division of the ASC) </li></ul>
  17. 17. AIS Expansion <ul><li>1990 Volleyball Sydney </li></ul><ul><li>Rugby Union Sydney </li></ul><ul><li>1991 Golf Melbourne </li></ul><ul><li>1996 Skiing Mt Buller </li></ul><ul><li>1993 Baseball Decentralised </li></ul><ul><li>Softball Decentralised </li></ul><ul><li>1993 Expansion to include women’s programs in Cycling, Volleyball and Water Polo </li></ul><ul><li>2000 Sailing </li></ul><ul><li>Slalom canoeing </li></ul><ul><li>Triathlon </li></ul><ul><li>Women’s Cricket </li></ul>
  18. 18. AIS <ul><li>In 2000, Baseball, Wrestling & Shooting lost AIS status </li></ul><ul><li>Boxing, Archery & Women’s Soccer retained (after accessing Olympic Athlete Program (OAP) support from 1994 – 2000) </li></ul>
  19. 19. AIS <ul><li>Objectives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to enhance the sporting performances of Australia’s elite and potential elite athletes and teams </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to enhance the personal and vocational development opportunities for elite athletes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of national level sporting agencies </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. AIS <ul><li>AIS has 3 units to achieve their objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Elite sport </li></ul><ul><ul><li>scholarship program </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Performance unit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ACE Program </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sports Assistance scheme </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ran OAP, DAS, National Sports Program, Intensive Training Centre Program, Elite Coach Program </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sport Science </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(incl. Talent Search Program) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Intensive Training Centres (ITC’s) <ul><li>Est. 1989-90 Basketball Hockey </li></ul><ul><li> Cycling Rowing </li></ul><ul><li> Canoeing Swimming </li></ul><ul><li> Gymnastics Track & Field </li></ul><ul><li>1991-92 7 further units </li></ul><ul><li>By 1995-96 17 sports conducted ITC’s </li></ul><ul><li>Post 2000 ITC’s increasingly referred to as National Training Centres (NTC’s) </li></ul>
  22. 22. ACE Program (Athlete Career and Education) <ul><li>Formally Sports LEAP (Life skills for Elite Athletes) </li></ul><ul><li>ACE originated at Victorian Institute of Sport (VIS) to address: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Short-term management of each athlete’s needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Longer-term career pathways for athletes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The ACE program has been adopted nationally </li></ul>
  23. 23. SASI est. 1982 (South Australia Sports Institute) <ul><li>Initially at Underdale Campus SACAE; relocated to Kidman Park </li></ul><ul><li>To provide similar services to AIS </li></ul><ul><li>By 1989-90, broader focus included: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Junior Sports development unit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sports Psychology services unit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Women’s Sport Unit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coaching Resources Centre </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. SASI <ul><li>Objectives: </li></ul><ul><li>High performance (individual): to promote, provide and develop opportunities for South Australian sportspersons of high performance status to achieve excellence in individual performance standards in sport </li></ul><ul><li>High performance (team): to promote, provide and develop opportunities for South Australian sportspersons of high performance status to achieve excellence in team performance standards in sport </li></ul><ul><li>Coach education: to promote and provide for the development of coach education at all levels </li></ul><ul><li>Sports Resource Centre: to develop and provide resource centre for the collection and dissemination of information and resources of all forms </li></ul><ul><li>Research: to conduct, commission or join in research designated to assist in the improvement of performance of sportspersons and coaches </li></ul>
  25. 25. SASI <ul><li>Objectives cont. </li></ul><ul><li>Sport Science: to promote and provide for the development and use of sport science testing and evaluation facilitates </li></ul><ul><li>Talent: to provide the means for, or assist in, talent identification and development of sportspersons at all levels </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation: to act as a catalyst for the introduction of innovative techniques, programs and resources for the improvement of sport in South Australia </li></ul><ul><li>Finance: to seek all forms of finance to enable the SA Sports Institute to achieve all its objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion: to promote the image, activities and objectives of the SA Sports Institute. </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion (sport): to promote sport generally in South Australia </li></ul>
  26. 26. WAIS est. 1984 (West Australian Institute of Sport) <ul><li>WAIS established good programs and achieved success </li></ul><ul><li>Continued to expand and provide increased opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Funding from State Government failed to keep pace with expansion </li></ul><ul><li>In 1991, four programs were dropped </li></ul><ul><li>By 1998-99, support for 313 athletes from 24 sports with 274 athletes in development programs; employed 46 full-time and 10 part-time staff </li></ul>
  27. 27. TIS est. 1985 (Tasmanian Institute of Sport) <ul><li>Small population but three distinct areas – North, Nth West and South </li></ul><ul><li>Scholarship categories: </li></ul><ul><li>Talented athletes in ITC programs </li></ul><ul><li>Elite Development Squad programs </li></ul><ul><li>Individual Athletes in other sports – both senior and junior </li></ul>
  28. 28. ACTAS est 1989 (Australian Capital Territory Academy of Sport) <ul><li>Founded to assist elite and developing athletes and teams to improve their sporting performance </li></ul><ul><li>Vibrant sporting community which has emerged out of the shadow of the AIS </li></ul>
  29. 29. VIS est. 1990 (Victorian Institute of Sport) <ul><li>Mission To provide an environment in which talented Victorian athletes have the opportunity to achieve at the highest level in sport and in life. </li></ul><ul><li>Vision To be the leading provider of high performance sports programs for talented athletes, enabling them to achieve national and international success. </li></ul>
  30. 30. VIS <ul><li>Values </li></ul><ul><li>We are committed to the pursuit of excellence in sport and in life </li></ul><ul><li>We foster teamwork and mutually beneficial partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>We encourage innovation and continuous learning </li></ul><ul><li>We are supportive and caring </li></ul><ul><li>We maintain personal integrity and fairness </li></ul><ul><li>Our strong work ethic is driven by enthusiasm and </li></ul><ul><li>passion </li></ul><ul><li>Motto: “Success in Sport and Life” </li></ul>
  31. 31. VIS Structure
  32. 32. VIS Sports 2004-05 <ul><li>Tier 1: Athletics, Baseball, Cricket, Cycling, Golf, Gymnastics, Hockey, Netball, Rowing, Soccer, Squash, Swimming, Tennis, Triathlon </li></ul><ul><li>Tier 2: Canoeing (Sprint/Slalom), Cricket (Women’s), Diving, Football, Gymnastics (Men’s), Sailing, Shooting, Skiing, Soccer (Wmn’), Softball, Weightlifting </li></ul>
  33. 33. VIS Sports 2004-05 (cont) <ul><li>Tier 3 (individual scholarship): Badminton, Canoe - Sprint, Cricket (Women’s) Cycling (Mtb), Diving, Equestrian, Fencing, Gymnastics - Rythmic, Judo, Sailing, Shooting, Skiing, Soccer (Wmn’s), Softball, Table Tennis, Taekwondo, Water Polo </li></ul><ul><li>Tier 3 (athletes with a disability): Basketball, Cycling, Equestrian, Rugby, Skiing, Swimming, Tennis, Water-skiing </li></ul>
  34. 34. VIS Recent Initiatives <ul><li>AIF05 – first sport event in Innovation Festival </li></ul><ul><li>Sport Science initiatives; Vector Elite (Troy Flanagan); Performance analysis software (Dr Stuart Morgan) Palm Stat, Pattern Plotter; 3D Training Studio; </li></ul><ul><li>Genesis Tree Program (VIDEO) </li></ul><ul><li>NO LIMITS EXCELLENCE….”Rattle the Tiles” </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperative work with Ballet, Business & Innovations Communities, IT industry </li></ul>
  35. 35. QAS est 1991 (Queensland Academy of Sport) <ul><li>Provides support for over 500 athletes in 18 sports </li></ul><ul><li>Expansive state with widely dispersed population </li></ul><ul><li>Abundant resources and projected future growth </li></ul><ul><li>Established a North Queensland branch of QAS in Townsville </li></ul><ul><li>Performances have matured in recent </li></ul><ul><li>years </li></ul>
  36. 36. NESC formed 1993 (National Elite Sport Council) <ul><li>Aim to achieve greater coordination of high performance </li></ul><ul><li>Comprises ED of ASC, 8 SIS/SAS and AIS. AOC has observer status </li></ul><ul><li>Role more prominent since 1994 (OAP preparation support for Sydney 2000) </li></ul><ul><li>Played leadership role in the Quadrennial Planning process in late 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>(for 2005-09 term) </li></ul>
  37. 37. NSWAS est 1984 NSWIS est 1996 (New South Wales Institute of Sport) <ul><li>NSWAS at Narrabeen to provide support services for sport (became Sydney AS in 1996) </li></ul><ul><li>NSWIS established at Homebush Bay (Olympic site) with 10 Regional Academies of Sport </li></ul><ul><li>Vision of ‘leading Australian sport into the 21 st Century’ </li></ul><ul><li>Strong programs with good links to underpinning programs and regional support </li></ul>
  38. 38. NTIS est 1996 (Northern Territory Institute of Sport) <ul><li>Sparse population, vast expanse, challenging country </li></ul><ul><li>Good systems have been established </li></ul><ul><li>Some difficulties with culture of sport in demanding conditions that prevail in northern Australia </li></ul>
  39. 39. The Future <ul><li>2020 </li></ul><ul><li>What will be the key issues that sport will have to address? </li></ul><ul><li>How will sport function in society in 2020? </li></ul><ul><li>Which sports will survive? </li></ul><ul><li>Where will be the growth centres in Australia and in the world? </li></ul>
  40. 40. Cirque du Soleil
  41. 41. Sustainability of HP programs <ul><li>Pathways </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitation of excellence </li></ul><ul><li>Community sport, Professional sport, Virtual sport…. </li></ul><ul><li>Culture of Sustainability for sport </li></ul><ul><li>… .and for Society </li></ul><ul><li>Ref. Hannover 2000 Principles </li></ul>
  42. 42. Pathways
  43. 43. Pathways cont.
  44. 44. Hannover Principles World Fair 2000 <ul><li>Theme: Humanity, Nature and Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Humanity and Nature to coexist </li></ul><ul><li>Recognise interdependence of all things </li></ul><ul><li>Respect relationship between spirit and matter </li></ul><ul><li>Accept responsibility for design decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Consider long-term implications </li></ul>
  45. 45. Hannover Principles cont. World Fair 2000 <ul><li>Eliminate the concept of waste </li></ul><ul><li>Rely on natural energy flows </li></ul><ul><li>Understand the limitations of design </li></ul><ul><li>Seek constant improvement by the sharing of knowledge </li></ul>
  46. 46. The Future VIS <ul><li>The Institute of the Future ; The Institute of One </li></ul><ul><li>Individualised program of support with mission-directed leadership, relationship building and integrated approach </li></ul><ul><li>Holistic approach through interconnected support, stronger values, metalevel processes, self-organisation and sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Embrace diversity and creativity as stimulus for change </li></ul>
  47. 47. Thanks for reading Please visit me at peterspence.com.au Or via Twitter at @pspence5
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