ACH 216 Lecture 01 (Intro To CM)

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  • 1. Introduction to Construction Industry Understanding Construction The Construction Industry The Project Team
  • 2. What is Construction Management??
    • The act, manner or practice in which a construction executive oversees , supervises or controls the organized process or system execution of a construction project.
    • The focus of construction management is the planning and control of resources within the framework of a project
  • 3. Understanding Construction
    • The Construction Discipline
    • Construction Technology
      • Construction Administration
  • 4. Understanding Construction
    • The Construction Discipline
      • Construction Technology
        • the materials and methods used to execute the project’s construction
        • impacts how the project will be managed or organized
        • construction manager is faced with deciding whether technology with help or hinder a project
    • The word TECHNOLOGY:
    • “ techno” or technical deals with the sequence in which something is done to produce an end result
    • “ logic” addresses the concept of sequence or procedure; addresses the order of things
  • 5. Understanding Construction
    • The Construction Discipline
      • RESOURCES
        • Time
        • Money
        • Equipment
        • Technology
        • People
        • Materials
    • FOUR M’s
    • of Construction:
      • Manpower
      • Machines
      • Materials
      • Money
  • 6. Understanding Construction
    • The Construction Discipline
      • Construction Administration
        • how the resources are used in the construction project
          • The FOUR (4) M’s
        • coordination of resources
        • organize resources into activities, perform the activities in a logical sequence
    • FOUR M’s
    • of Construction:
      • Manpower
      • Machines
      • Materials
      • Money
  • 7. Understanding Construction
    • Technical
      • design of formwork
      • capacities of excavators
      • weather tightness of exterior finishes
    • Qualitative
      • motivation of workers
      • labor relations
      • form of contracts
      • legal liability
      • safety
    • The Construction Discipline
      • Construction Administration
        • Issues considered when managing a project
    Management at a project level begins to integrate design, procurement, and construction in one process.
  • 8. The Construction Industry Nature of the Construction Industry Adversities Faced by Construction Future of Construction The Industry’s Composition
  • 9. Nature of the Construction Industry
    • Construction industry is generally focused on the production of a single and/or unique end product.
    • It is both a manufacturing and service industry.
  • 10. Nature of the Construction Industry
    • New construction is roughly 8% of the GNP/GDP
      • Approx. $500 billion share
    • Retrofit construction is additional 5% of GNP/GDP
      • Approx. $375 billion share
    • Total annual volume in the construction sector is well in excess of $850 billion
  • 11. Nature of the Construction Industry
    • More than 1 million firms operate in the construction sector
      • vary in size from very large to very small
      • largest firms sign contracts in excess $20 billion annually and consist of thousand of employees
      • large firms work domestically and internationally
      • 2/3 of the firms have less then 5 employees
  • 12. Nature of the Construction Industry
    • More than 10 million people are employed in the construction sector
    • American infrastructure is maintained by the construction sector; facilities that support daily life
      • roads, tunnels, bridges,
      • communication systems
      • power plants, water treatment plants
      • distribution networks
  • 13. Adversities Faced by Construction
    • shortages of resources
      • materials
      • equipment
      • skilled labor
      • technical and supervisory staff
  • 14. Adversities Faced by Construction
    • governmental regulation
      • safety
      • field construction methods
      • environmental consequences
      • personnel policies at all levels
  • 15. Adversities Faced by Construction
    • economic and cultural realities
      • inflation
      • energy shortages
      • changing world development patterns
      • new social standards
  • 16. Future of Construction
    • increasing in size, number of projects
    • type of projects are diverse
    • construction organizations
      • unions/labor organizations
      • trade organizations
    • technology & complexity of constructing projects
  • 17. Future of Construction
    • government demands & regulations
      • building codes
        • Implementation of universal codes
      • environmental issues
        • Energy use
        • Sustainability factors
      • labor policies
        • Dependency on immigrant labor
        • Illegal workers
  • 18. Industry’s Composition 35-40% 30-35% 5-10% 20-25%
  • 19. Industry’s Composition Building Construction
    • Schools
    • Universities
    • Hospitals
    • Commercial office towers
    • Warehouses
    • Light manufacturing plants
    • Theaters
    • Government buildings
    • Commercial malls/Retail
    • Recreation centers
    • Religious centers (churches)
    • Hotels
    • 35 – 40% of construction market
    • financed and built by private sector & public sector
    • design in done by architect working with consultants (i.e., engineers for mechanical, structural, electrical)
    • construction is usually coordinated by general contractors or construction managers; subcontract portions of work to specialty firms
  • 20. Industry’s Composition Residential Construction
    • Single-family homes
    • Multi-unit townhouses
    • High-rise apartments
    • Condominiums
    • Assisted Living
    • 30 – 35% of construction market
    • largely financed by the private sector
    • design is done by architects, engineers or builders
    • construction is usually handled by independent contractors or developer-builders
  • 21. Industry’s Composition Heavy Engineering Construction
    • Dams
    • Tunnels
    • Bridges
    • Highways
    • Airports
    • Urban transit systems
    • Ports
    • Pipelines
    • Water treatment plants
    • Communication networks
    • 20 – 25% of construction market
    • highway and heavy construction
    • financed and built by public sector
    • design and construction is done by civil engineers and specialty contractors
  • 22. Industry’s Composition Industrial Construction
    • Petroleum refineries
    • Petrochemical plants
    • Synthetic fuel plants
    • Nuclear power plants
    • Steel mills
    • Heavy manufacturing plants
    • 5 – 10% of construction market
    • financed and built by private sector
    • design is done by civil engineers and specialty consultants (i.e., chemical, electrical, mechanical)
    • “ turnkey” contract or design-construct; design firm also does construction
  • 23. The Project Team Architect Owner Contractor/Construction Manager
  • 24. The Players in a Construction Project AKA The “Golden Triangle” Financial Users Architect Owner Contractor Contract Contract Subcontractors & Suppliers Consultants & Engineers
  • 25. The Architect
    • Licensed Professional
      • Expert in Design and Construction Technology
        • Blend of Creative Art and Craft
      • Responsible Liability for Building Design
        • Liable if building fails
        • Code Research and Compliance
        • Many consultants to support design
          • Engineers, interior designers, kitchen consultants, etc.
  • 26. The Architect
    • Responsibility
      • Design
        • Aesthetic (what it looks like)
        • Functional (how it is going to be used)
      • Safety of Building Inhabitants
        • How is the building going to stay standing
      • Compliance with Codes and Regulations
        • Local and National
  • 27. The Architect
    • Responsibility
      • Maintaining Budget for Construction
        • Selecting appropriate materials to control costs
        • Monitors the Bidding process
      • Owner’s Representative
        • Helps owner envision design
        • Responds to owner’s needs & wants
      • Design Documentation
        • Renderings (perspectives, sketches)
        • Scaled models
        • Drawings (plans, elevations, sections, details)
  • 28. The Architect
    • Responsibility
      • Administers the Construction Contract
        • Working drawings to build from (Construction Documentation)
        • Written Specifications of quality for building
      • Certifies payment to Contractor
        • Certifies changes during construction
        • Inspects the construction process
        • Assures compliance with Contract Documents
        • Project Completion and Closeout
          • Performs “punch list” (with Owner and Contractor)
  • 29. The Owner
    • The person with:
      • The NEED or DESIRE for the project
      • The MONEY for the project
    • Makes most of the major decisions involving the project (when it comes to budget)
    • Depends heavily on the architect for everything involving the project
  • 30. The Construction Manager
    • Non-Licensed Professional
      • Expert in Construction Technology & Management
        • Blend of Methodology and Organization
      • Responsible for Building Erection and Contract Compliance
        • Liable if building is not built to specification by architect/interior designer
        • Must comply with contract documents
        • Oversees and organizes materials, trades & process during erection
        • Many subcontractors to help complete work
  • 31. The Construction Manager
    • Responsibility
      • Construction
        • Joining of materials
        • Quality control
      • Safety of Laborers/Trades
        • Maintaining secure environment during construction
      • Compliance with Contract Documents
        • Building to architects drawings/specifications
      • Cost of Construction
        • Managing trades and materials during construction
  • 32. NEXT LECTURE Project Development and Organization Management Levels of Construction Basic Management Activities as applied to Construction Reading Assignment Chapter 1, pages 2-26 Chapter 3, pages 58-70 including Total Quality Management, pgs 71-72