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ACH 216 Lecture 01 (Intro To CM)
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    ACH 216 Lecture 01 (Intro To CM) ACH 216 Lecture 01 (Intro To CM) Presentation Transcript

    • Introduction to Construction Industry Understanding Construction The Construction Industry The Project Team
    • What is Construction Management??
      • The act, manner or practice in which a construction executive oversees , supervises or controls the organized process or system execution of a construction project.
      • The focus of construction management is the planning and control of resources within the framework of a project
    • Understanding Construction
      • The Construction Discipline
      • Construction Technology
        • Construction Administration
    • Understanding Construction
      • The Construction Discipline
        • Construction Technology
          • the materials and methods used to execute the project’s construction
          • impacts how the project will be managed or organized
          • construction manager is faced with deciding whether technology with help or hinder a project
      • The word TECHNOLOGY:
      • “ techno” or technical deals with the sequence in which something is done to produce an end result
      • “ logic” addresses the concept of sequence or procedure; addresses the order of things
    • Understanding Construction
      • The Construction Discipline
        • RESOURCES
          • Time
          • Money
          • Equipment
          • Technology
          • People
          • Materials
      • FOUR M’s
      • of Construction:
        • Manpower
        • Machines
        • Materials
        • Money
    • Understanding Construction
      • The Construction Discipline
        • Construction Administration
          • how the resources are used in the construction project
            • The FOUR (4) M’s
          • coordination of resources
          • organize resources into activities, perform the activities in a logical sequence
      • FOUR M’s
      • of Construction:
        • Manpower
        • Machines
        • Materials
        • Money
    • Understanding Construction
      • Technical
        • design of formwork
        • capacities of excavators
        • weather tightness of exterior finishes
      • Qualitative
        • motivation of workers
        • labor relations
        • form of contracts
        • legal liability
        • safety
      • The Construction Discipline
        • Construction Administration
          • Issues considered when managing a project
      Management at a project level begins to integrate design, procurement, and construction in one process.
    • The Construction Industry Nature of the Construction Industry Adversities Faced by Construction Future of Construction The Industry’s Composition
    • Nature of the Construction Industry
      • Construction industry is generally focused on the production of a single and/or unique end product.
      • It is both a manufacturing and service industry.
    • Nature of the Construction Industry
      • New construction is roughly 8% of the GNP/GDP
        • Approx. $500 billion share
      • Retrofit construction is additional 5% of GNP/GDP
        • Approx. $375 billion share
      • Total annual volume in the construction sector is well in excess of $850 billion
    • Nature of the Construction Industry
      • More than 1 million firms operate in the construction sector
        • vary in size from very large to very small
        • largest firms sign contracts in excess $20 billion annually and consist of thousand of employees
        • large firms work domestically and internationally
        • 2/3 of the firms have less then 5 employees
    • Nature of the Construction Industry
      • More than 10 million people are employed in the construction sector
      • American infrastructure is maintained by the construction sector; facilities that support daily life
        • roads, tunnels, bridges,
        • communication systems
        • power plants, water treatment plants
        • distribution networks
    • Adversities Faced by Construction
      • shortages of resources
        • materials
        • equipment
        • skilled labor
        • technical and supervisory staff
    • Adversities Faced by Construction
      • governmental regulation
        • safety
        • field construction methods
        • environmental consequences
        • personnel policies at all levels
    • Adversities Faced by Construction
      • economic and cultural realities
        • inflation
        • energy shortages
        • changing world development patterns
        • new social standards
    • Future of Construction
      • increasing in size, number of projects
      • type of projects are diverse
      • construction organizations
        • unions/labor organizations
        • trade organizations
      • technology & complexity of constructing projects
    • Future of Construction
      • government demands & regulations
        • building codes
          • Implementation of universal codes
        • environmental issues
          • Energy use
          • Sustainability factors
        • labor policies
          • Dependency on immigrant labor
          • Illegal workers
    • Industry’s Composition 35-40% 30-35% 5-10% 20-25%
    • Industry’s Composition Building Construction
      • Schools
      • Universities
      • Hospitals
      • Commercial office towers
      • Warehouses
      • Light manufacturing plants
      • Theaters
      • Government buildings
      • Commercial malls/Retail
      • Recreation centers
      • Religious centers (churches)
      • Hotels
      • 35 – 40% of construction market
      • financed and built by private sector & public sector
      • design in done by architect working with consultants (i.e., engineers for mechanical, structural, electrical)
      • construction is usually coordinated by general contractors or construction managers; subcontract portions of work to specialty firms
    • Industry’s Composition Residential Construction
      • Single-family homes
      • Multi-unit townhouses
      • High-rise apartments
      • Condominiums
      • Assisted Living
      • 30 – 35% of construction market
      • largely financed by the private sector
      • design is done by architects, engineers or builders
      • construction is usually handled by independent contractors or developer-builders
    • Industry’s Composition Heavy Engineering Construction
      • Dams
      • Tunnels
      • Bridges
      • Highways
      • Airports
      • Urban transit systems
      • Ports
      • Pipelines
      • Water treatment plants
      • Communication networks
      • 20 – 25% of construction market
      • highway and heavy construction
      • financed and built by public sector
      • design and construction is done by civil engineers and specialty contractors
    • Industry’s Composition Industrial Construction
      • Petroleum refineries
      • Petrochemical plants
      • Synthetic fuel plants
      • Nuclear power plants
      • Steel mills
      • Heavy manufacturing plants
      • 5 – 10% of construction market
      • financed and built by private sector
      • design is done by civil engineers and specialty consultants (i.e., chemical, electrical, mechanical)
      • “ turnkey” contract or design-construct; design firm also does construction
    • The Project Team Architect Owner Contractor/Construction Manager
    • The Players in a Construction Project AKA The “Golden Triangle” Financial Users Architect Owner Contractor Contract Contract Subcontractors & Suppliers Consultants & Engineers
    • The Architect
      • Licensed Professional
        • Expert in Design and Construction Technology
          • Blend of Creative Art and Craft
        • Responsible Liability for Building Design
          • Liable if building fails
          • Code Research and Compliance
          • Many consultants to support design
            • Engineers, interior designers, kitchen consultants, etc.
    • The Architect
      • Responsibility
        • Design
          • Aesthetic (what it looks like)
          • Functional (how it is going to be used)
        • Safety of Building Inhabitants
          • How is the building going to stay standing
        • Compliance with Codes and Regulations
          • Local and National
    • The Architect
      • Responsibility
        • Maintaining Budget for Construction
          • Selecting appropriate materials to control costs
          • Monitors the Bidding process
        • Owner’s Representative
          • Helps owner envision design
          • Responds to owner’s needs & wants
        • Design Documentation
          • Renderings (perspectives, sketches)
          • Scaled models
          • Drawings (plans, elevations, sections, details)
    • The Architect
      • Responsibility
        • Administers the Construction Contract
          • Working drawings to build from (Construction Documentation)
          • Written Specifications of quality for building
        • Certifies payment to Contractor
          • Certifies changes during construction
          • Inspects the construction process
          • Assures compliance with Contract Documents
          • Project Completion and Closeout
            • Performs “punch list” (with Owner and Contractor)
    • The Owner
      • The person with:
        • The NEED or DESIRE for the project
        • The MONEY for the project
      • Makes most of the major decisions involving the project (when it comes to budget)
      • Depends heavily on the architect for everything involving the project
    • The Construction Manager
      • Non-Licensed Professional
        • Expert in Construction Technology & Management
          • Blend of Methodology and Organization
        • Responsible for Building Erection and Contract Compliance
          • Liable if building is not built to specification by architect/interior designer
          • Must comply with contract documents
          • Oversees and organizes materials, trades & process during erection
          • Many subcontractors to help complete work
    • The Construction Manager
      • Responsibility
        • Construction
          • Joining of materials
          • Quality control
        • Safety of Laborers/Trades
          • Maintaining secure environment during construction
        • Compliance with Contract Documents
          • Building to architects drawings/specifications
        • Cost of Construction
          • Managing trades and materials during construction
    • NEXT LECTURE Project Development and Organization Management Levels of Construction Basic Management Activities as applied to Construction Reading Assignment Chapter 1, pages 2-26 Chapter 3, pages 58-70 including Total Quality Management, pgs 71-72