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  • 1. 3781 County Road C Mosinee, WI 54455 P-715-693-6300 www.krukowskistone.com 1
  • 2. Specifying Natural Stone• This program is not yet registered with the AIA/CES for continuing education. As such it does not include content that may be deemed or construed to be an approval or endorsement by the AIA of any material of construction or any method or manner of handling, using, distributing or dealing in any material or product.• Questions, related to specific material, methods and services will be address at the conclusion of this presentation. 2
  • 3. LEARNING OBJECTIVES• -Participants will be able to state geological categories, general descriptions and common uses of natural quarried stone.• -Participants will be able to identify desirable and undesirable characteristics and properties of stone for common applications.• -Participants will be able to determine if certain types of stones are better suited for Structural, veneer, landscape or cut stone applications. 3
  • 4. Why Natural Stone 4
  • 5. -Natural Beauty-Durability-Sustainability (Sustainable)-Desirable-Stability- 5
  • 6. Modern mining is conducted in anenvironmentally responsible manner. 6
  • 7. 7
  • 8. Scientific Classification THREE MAIN TYPES OF STONESedimentary StoneMagmatic (Igneous) RockMetamorphic rock 8
  • 9. -Sedimentary Stone (SOME COMMON TYPES)Created by the compression ofloose, fragments of existing stone or bythe deposition of limestone particles inwater; and metamorphic rock. 9
  • 10. Sedimentary Stone (LIMESTONE) 10
  • 11. SEDIMENTARY STONE (QUARTZITE) 11
  • 12. (Other sedimentary Stone types) Travertine 12
  • 13. Magmatic Stone (Igneous)( SOME COMMON TYPES) 13
  • 14. GRANITE 14
  • 15. Metamorphic rock 15
  • 16. general advantages of stone TRACK RECORD Uniqueness DURIBILITY VALUE BEAUTY 16
  • 17. Where Stone is found 17
  • 18. Real Stone is GREEN-LEED points-No chemicals used.-Completely natural and earth friendly.-Sustainable-Many environmental, fiscal andecological advantages to using naturalstone in the stead of manmadealternatives 18
  • 19. 19
  • 20. THE PROCESS FOR SPECIFING STONEView stone vendor offeringsExchange photos and samplesDiscuss custom blends and optionsConfirm characteristics are desirableEstablish budgetOrder Mock-up 20
  • 21. Mechanical PropertiesMohs hardness scaleThermal PropertiesChemical Properties 21
  • 22. OTHER CONSIDERATIONSMaintenanceSlip ResistanceSalt ResistanceAvailabilityElevation and size issues 22
  • 23. FABRICATION 23
  • 24. ARCHITECTURAL VENEER STONE-Identify the composition and general properties offull bed depth vs. thin veneer stone.-Identify varieties and standard offering available inboth.-Discuss strengths and limitations of both in commonapplications.-Discuss styles of stone and where to use. Web wallon rustic, Ashlar on traditional andEuropean, Fieldstone on cabins. Use stone to blendinto rest of architecture color, style and texture. 24
  • 25. LANDSCAPE / HARDSCAPE STONE-Identify the general properties andterminology of landscape stones.-Discuss strengths and limitations ofvarieties in common applications.-Discuss structural methods andcommon practices used in landscaping. 25
  • 26. CUT / FINISHED SURFACE STONE-Identify the wide varieties of sliced stone products andsurfaces available.-Discuss strengths and limitations of varieties in commonapplications.-Discuss common applications for each type of cut stoneand surface treatments.-Fastening systems for cut stone panels-Discuss procedures for specifying and communication ofarchitectural details. 26
  • 27. APPLICATIONSThere are 4 major Natural StoneVeneers design applications.-Residential-Commercial-Interiors-Landscaping 27
  • 28. CONCLUSION-Natural stone (even limestone) is uniquefrom every quarry. Make sure thecolor, performance and other properties ofthe stone are compatible with the client’sexpectations.-A single quarry, group of quarries or realstone supplier cannot supply every stone forevery application. 28
  • 29. THANK YOU FOR TAKING THISCOURSEQuarriers & Manufacturers of NaturalArchitectural Full & Thin Veneers,Landscape, Custom CutStone, Cladding, Tile & CountertopSlabs Since 19783781 County Road C •Mosinee, Wisconsin • 54455P-715-693-6300 800-628-0314F-715-693-7223 I WILL BE AVAIALABLE FORWeb Site: KrukowskiStone.com E-Mail: QUESTIONS ANDsteves@krukowskistone.com DISCUSSSIONS FOR ONE HOUR AFTER THIS CLASS 29