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Part of a larger presentation on Jazz as a metaphor for product development

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Jazz as a Metaphor for Agile Management Jazz as a Metaphor for Agile Management Presentation Transcript

  • Jazz – A Metaphor for Agile Management
      • Charlie Berg [email_address]
      • August, '09
  • The New Business Environment...
    • “ Under conditions of hypercompetition & creative destruction, the best one can hope for is temporary competitive advantages that, with luck, add up to long-term survival. These temporary advantages emanate from organizations that emphasize innovation, dynamism, and adaptiveness, blended with just enough stability & discipline to keep them from spinning out of control. ” - Lee Dyer/Jeff Ercksen, Cornell Univ. Center for Advanced Human Resource Studies
  • Why Is Jazz a Useful Metaphor?
    • Jazz Bands are organizations that are:
      • Self-organizing
      • Self-motivated
      • Studied in their domain
      • Adept at change
      • Responsive to environment
    • Perfect development team model!
    • Jazz Bands can be viewed as Complex Adaptive Systems
  • Complex Adaptive Systems (CAS)‏
    • Dynamic network of many agents acting in parallel, constantly acting and reacting to what the other agents are doing.
      • Constant interactions among agents amplify into bifurcations where agents forced to make choices. Feedback from these choices create additional bifurcations, additional choices, etc.
      • Subtle interplay of cooperation, competition, creation & adaptation
  • Characteristics of CAS
    • Self-organizing – no one point of control
    • Operate at the edge of chaos
    • System Behavior & Solutions are emergent, not pre-determined
    • Maps to... " organizations that emphasize innovation, dynamism, and adaptiveness, blended with just enough stability & discipline to keep them from spinning out of control. ”
  • Jazz Band on the Stand
    • Jam sessions slightly different (freer) than organized gig
      • We'll analyze a session
    • Jam sessions are:
      • Typically leaderless
        • Anybody can “call” a tune to play
      • Assume prior expertise & knowledge of theory, harmony, tunes, aural traditions
      • Head charts – arrangements are done on the fly
  • Sidebar – Aural Tradition
    • A particular musical phrase or snippet that is associated with a particular jazz standard
    • Ex: Standard bebop intro to All the Things You Are
      • Created by Dizzy Gillespie (1944 or 1945)‏
      • Based on Rachmaninoff Prelude in C sharp minor
  • Sergei Rachmaninoff
    • 1873 – 1942
    • Emigrated to S. California after Russian Revolution
    • Virtuoso pianist
    • Fan of Paul Whiteman (early jazz orchestra)‏
  • Dizzy Gillespie
    • 1917 – 1993
    • Compositional father of bebop movement
    • Introduced AfroCuban music to jazz
  • Charlie “Bird” Parker
    • 1920 - 1955
    • Considered (w Diz) father of bebop
    • Icon of the Bop movement, Beat Generation & post-war African-American literature
  • Dick Twardzik
    • 1931 – 1955
    • Studied classical piano & theory
      • Madame Chaloff & New England Conservatory
    • May have introduced Schoenberg & Bartok to Bird
  • Calling a Tune (Step by Step)‏
    • Somebody (not necessarily the leader) suggests a standard to play
      • Silence or agreement signify acceptance by the group
    • Intro, head, location of solos, outro decided
      • Some member of group
    • Musicians optionally volunteer to solo or solos decided during playing
      • Solo order scoped out
  • Playing the Tune
    • (Usually) person who called tune counts off
    • Solos pre-determined, or determined by eye contact/hand signals, or stepping to front of band
    • Non-soloing horns might collaborate behind soloist for backing harmony parts/shout chorus
  • Ending the Tune
    • Hand-signals or shout-out to return to head
    • Hand-signals to end
    • Rhythm section or lead horn will provide aural queues for ending
  • Charlie Christian
    • One of earliest electric guitarists
    • Member of late 30s Benny Goodman band & sextet
    • Early proponent of bop
    • Died of TB @ 25
    • This jam session is 1940, waiting for Goodman @ a CBS recording studio
    • Very difficult key
  • Ella Fitzgerald with... http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7WgloYX44F4
    • Open separate browser window to above URL
      • Slideshare doesn't support video AND audio tracks!!!
    • Roy Eldridge (trumpet)‏
      • Known as influence of Dizzy, Miles
      • Fierce session competitor
    • Eddie “Lockjaw” Davis (tenor sax)‏
      • Hard bopper – Basie in the late 40s
    • Tommy Flanagan (piano)‏
      • Ella's accompanist
      • Well known bop pianist
  • Collaboration in Jam Sessions
    • Amherst Wilder Foundation's Collaboration Handbook – collaboration is...
      • Cooperation
      • Coordination
    • Cooperation (in Collaboration)‏
    • Cooperation
      • Support individual learning goals
      • Synchronous & asynchronous in member participation
      • Crowd/organization sourcing to solve individual problem
      • Akin to rhythm section support of solos (including “comping” & “head charts”)‏
  • Coordination (in Collaboration)‏
    • Coordination
      • Participants work together as a group to achieve a common goal.
      • Coordination maps to planning in product dev.
      • Akin to group decisions about tune form (start, end, tune selection, etc.)‏
  • As Applied to Agile
    • Scrum – tool for coordination
    • Not typically used for cooperation, i.e. Group-sourcing design problems
      • How do we encourage more & faster group interactions to solving real problems?
    • Mentoring as one methodology for group-sourcing
      • Akin to buddy-programming
    • Use of collaboration tools/infrastructure
    • Other resources/techniques?
  • Some Conclusions/Ideas
    • Self-directed teams are solution-enabled
      • More flexible
      • More incentive for creativity
      • Implications on hiring – senior is better
    • A Common Semiotics important
      • Support an active, documented oral tradition of semantic short cuts, processes, design tricks, etc.
  • Some Conclusions/Ideas
    • Common tools for
      • Creativity
      • Self-Management
      • Solution-finding tools
    • Collaboration acceleration is key
      • Coordination is pretty well covered in Agile methodologies – what about cooperation to solve design problems?
  • The Goal...
    • How do we get the rate of collaboration in jam session to product development?
    • Your chorus...fall in!
  • Allen Eager
    • 1927 – 2003
    • Polymath
      • Bebop tenor sax; professional skier, race car driver, and artist; LSD w Timothy Leary
    L to r:Charlie Parker, Miles Davis, Allen Eager, Kai Winding