A woman welder in 1918.. IRC. 2005. Discovery Education. 17 February 2009 <http://streaming.discoveryeducation.com/> WWI poster urges children's help in agriculture.. IRC. 2005. Discovery Education. 17 February 2009 <http://streaming.discoveryeducation.com/>
World War I soldiers on a train at Salinas.. IRC. 2005. Discovery Education. 17 February 2009 <http://streaming.discoveryeducation.com/>
The deportation of IWW strikers, July 1917. War mobilization led union leaders like Samuel Gompers to seek a balance between the need for industrial production and the fair treatment of laboring men and women. Gompers was put on the National War Labor Board, promising to prevent strikes, and during the war many of labor's goals sought by the social justice reformers of the Progressive era became Board policy: an eight-hour day in war industries, and protection of the right of labor to organize. Union membership grew from 2.5 million members in 1916 to 4 million in 1919. But not all laborers supported the war effort. Despite Gompers' moratorium on strikes, rebellious locals and the Industrial Workers of the World participated in more than 6,000 strikes in protest against working conditions and inflation. The IWW also campaigned against the draft. Many IWW members were German immigrants, and the army raided western mining camps on the pretext of searching out enemy aliens, crushed strikes there, and deported or jailed IWW leaders. The deportation of IWW strikers, July 1917.. IRC. 2005. Discovery Education. 17 February 2009 <http://streaming.discoveryeducation.com/>
Bernard Baruch (1870-1965).. IRC. 2005. Discovery Education. 17 February 2009 <http://streaming.discoveryeducation.com/>
"The Cornerstone.".. IRC. 2005. Discovery Education. 17 February 2009 <http://streaming.discoveryeducation.com/>
World War I Home Front
Encouraged companies to use mass production techniques and to standardize products Set production quotas Allocated raw materials Increased industrial production by about 20 percent Caused retail prices and corporate profits to soar
Food Administration Resolved labor Encouraged Americans disputes to reduce their Pushed for improved consumption of food working conditions voluntarily Tripled food shipments to the Allies Set a high government price for wheat and other staples
Bonds that allowed the government to borrow money Helped to raise 2/3 of the $3.35 billion to finance the war Every adult American lent the U.S. $400.
Mobilized the nation’s artists and advertising people to popularize the war Recruited 75,000 Four Minute Men to deliver pro-war speeches Increased support for the war
The prosecution of 2,000 people and the convictions of more than 1,000 Loss of mailing privileges for publications that criticized the war Firing of people opposed to the war Imprisonment of Eugene Debs, Emma Goldman, and Bill Haywood
Many lost their jobs Some were attacked or killed
The Great Migration involved the massive movement of African Americans from Southern rural areas to Northern cities. It caused problems for African Americans as they began to live in cities, but also improved their economic opportunities African-American soldiers were allowed for the first time to serve under African-American officers
Many women moved into jobs traditionally held by men Women’s wartime efforts led to the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment, which recognized their right to vote
He was able to use the War Industries Board to regulate the economy that allowed the U.S. military to get the supplies it needed.
He used the Committee on Public Information to gain support for the war at home. This led to people conserving supplies and donating time and money to the war effort.
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