Spanish american war student handout

678 views

Published on

Published in: News & Politics, Travel
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
678
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
19
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
4
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Spanish american war student handout

  1. 1. Decision Making: The Spanish American War Crisis in Cuba 1898 The Philippines Crisis 1899 What considerations should guide the development of American foreign policy? Did America’s emergence as a world power move us closer or further from its founding ideals?
  2. 2. Crisis in Cuba 1898 • Read the handout – Underline important facts – Circle any vocabulary you don’t know • Fill in the decision-making organizer • Use the decision making organizer to write out your decision. Your decision should include the following sentences at a minimum: – What is the problem? – What is your goal? – What is your decision? – What is your rationale (reason) for the decision? – What are possible unintended consequences of your decision?
  3. 3. Essential Questions Activity Focus: Why did the United States go to war against Spain in 1898 and why was the outcome significant? Unit Focus: When should the United States go to War? Unit Focus: Did America’s emergence as a world power move it close or further away from its founding ideals? Unit Focus: What considerations should guide the development of American foreign policy?
  4. 4. What are three causes of the Spanish American War? GOAL
  5. 5. Crisis in Cuba • April 1898- President ___________ faced a crisis in _____________ – Spanish government controlled Cuba as a _____________ – _____________ faced an all-out rebellion on the island • Cuban rebels were waging a __________ – Rebel soldiers blend in with civilian population • Inspired by their martyred leader _____________________
  6. 6. Crisis in Cuba • _________________ – In charge of ______________ forces in Cuba – Moved civilians into ________________________ – Many Cubans grew sick and some died • Summer of ___________ – Spain removes _________________ – Spain grants Cuba some _________________
  7. 7. Crisis in Cuba • February 1898- ____________________ (Spanish ambassador) letter released in American newspapers – Call President McKinley a ____________________
  8. 8. _________________Explodes in Havana Harbor, Feb. 15, 1898
  9. 9. Sensationalized “________________” • The more extreme newspapers urged “Remember the Maine! To Hell with _____________!” • The U.S. Naval Court of Inquiry reported on March 21 that it was _________________ to fix responsibility for the explosion.
  10. 10. Crisis in Cuba Outcomes • The U.S. declared war and defeated Spain in only six weeks – Winning two naval battles- Philippines and Cuba – Winning major land battle in Cuba • U.S. took control of Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam, and Philippines • Teller Amendment – After U.S. overthrows Spanish rule in Cuba, it would return control of island to Cubans
  11. 11. Crisis in Cuba Outcomes • The _________declared war and defeated _____________ in only six weeks – Winning two naval battles- ___________________ and __________ – Winning major land battle in ___________ • U.S. took control of Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam, and Philippines • ____________________ – After U.S. overthrows Spanish rule in Cuba, it would return control of island to Cubans
  12. 12. Crisis in Cuba Outcomes • ___________________ – Required by American leaders – Gave U.S. the right to send troops to Cuba to restore order when the U.S. government felt necessary – U.S. established base at Guantanamo Bay • U.S. kept control of Guam and Puerto Rico
  13. 13. Crisis in Cuba Outcomes • Effects of the War – More than ________________as many Americans died of disease than of wounds suffered in battle – Spain was no longer a ____________________ and the U.S. became one – War established a precedent regarding ________________ and the use of propaganda in U.S. – __________________________became a war hero • Led ____________________________- volunteer cavalry regiment composed of ranchers and cowboys
  14. 14. Crisis in Cuba Outcomes • Effects of the War – U.S. became an imperialist power- took control of Puerto Rico, Guam, and other islands – Americans felt justified in spreading democracy to Cuba – Many Cubans resented the Platt Amendment – After the end of U.S. occupation, Cuban governments became corrupt and inefficient
  15. 15. What are three outcomes of the Spanish American War? GOAL
  16. 16. The Philippines Crisis 1899 • Read the handout – Write down any vocabulary you don’t know • Create and fill in the decision- making organizer in your notes. Problem Goal(s) Alternatives Pros and Cons Unintended Consequences Decision(s) Rationale for Choice
  17. 17. The Philippines Crisis Outcomes • ______________ fought a ________________ against U.S. forces in which both sides engaged in torture and execution of prisoners • The war divided the _________________ • U.S. occupation did some ___________ • Built roads, hospitals, and bridges • Increased literacy rate from 20% to 50% • English became the dominant language Emilio Aguinaldo, first president of the Philippine Republic, in 1898
  18. 18. The Philippines Crisis Outcomes • In 1916 U.S. became first Western power to grant some form of _____________ to a colony • Rich people dominated the government • Philippine economy _______________ greatly • U.S. could not effectively defend the _____________________ • Asian countries began to view U.S. as imperialistic

×