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Genetically modified food

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  • 1. Genetically Modified Food Should it be labeled? By Paige
  • 2. What Are Genetically Modified Foods? How are they created ?• Genetically Modified Foods are plants and animals whose genetic makeups have been altered to produce new, desired, characteristics• To genetically modify a food, something known as recombinant DNA technology is used• Basically, a desired trait or gene is located and taken from one organism and then combined with the DNA of another organism, altering its DNA and resulting traits for the better
  • 3. Reasons for the Production of Genetically Modified Foods• Foods can be genetically modified to improve resistance to disease, pests and herbicides; thus improving overall crop production and lessening crop failure• Foods can be genetically modified to reduce their maturation time, meaning that the foods can be grown and matured at a faster rate; thus meaning that there is more crop to sell and to feed to people• Foods can be genetically modified to have increased or added nutrients, such as vitamins or minerals, that ultimately promote better health amongst consumers
  • 4. Reasons against the Production of Genetically Modified Foods• There are potential health impacts including allergens, transfer of antibiotic resistance markers, and other unknown or untested effects• There are potential environmental issues such as unintended transfer of transgenes through cross-pollination, unknown effects on other organisms (e.g., soil microbes), and loss of flora and fauna biodiversity• Other people are concerned about tampering with nature by mixing genes among species, which could bring unforeseen issues
  • 5. Arguments for the Labeling of Genetically Modified Foods• Mandatory labeling of genetically modified foods in the United States has been proposed, but not enacted, at the national, state, and local levels• Many argue that consumer’s have the right to know exactly what is in their food with proper labeling, especially where it is concerning GM foods that pose possible unknown health issues• Many Americans avoid eating animal products, including animal DNA, for ethical or religious reasons. In the near future it is possible that many foods, including produce, can contain animal DNA, but will not be labeled as such
  • 6. Arguments against the Labeling of Genetically Modified Foods• Labeling GM foods would impose extra costs on suppliers as they would have to relabel their products and grocers would have to accommodate the need for separation of GM foods and non-GM foods• Labeling of GM foods would be interpreted as a warning about their health effects when there has been no actual proven major health differences between GM and conventional foods, only nutritional and allergenic differences• Many consumers do not support the consumption of GM foods and as a result would not purchase many products once they were labeled as GM; thus hurting the revenue of many companies
  • 7. My Opinion• While I feel that GM foods are a beneficial technology to society, I do believe that GM foods should be labeled.• I strongly support the ‘consumer’s right to know’ idea, that all consumer’s should know what they are buying and what is in their foods• There are possible health issues with GM food that while not fully proven, should be acknowledged• There are possible environmental impacts of GM foods that consumer’s should be aware of• About 20 countries in the European Union have already imposed some degree of the labeling of GM foods
  • 8. Bibliography• Admin. "Label Genetically Engineered Food." Label Genetically Engineered Food. The Center for Food Safety, 7 Nov. 2012. Web. 05 Jan. 2013.• Bryne, P. "Labeling of Genetically Engineered Foods." Labeling of Genetically Engineered Foods. Colorado State University Extension, 3 Aug. 2012. Web. 04 Jan. 2013.• "Genetically Modified Foods and Organisms --HGP Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues."Genetically Modified Foods and Organisms --HGP Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues. U.S. Department of Energy Genome Programs, 17 May 2012. Web. 05 Jan. 2013.
  • 9. Bibliography• Admin. "Label Genetically Engineered Food." Label Genetically Engineered Food. The Center for Food Safety, 7 Nov. 2012. Web. 05 Jan. 2013.• Bryne, P. "Labeling of Genetically Engineered Foods." Labeling of Genetically Engineered Foods. Colorado State University Extension, 3 Aug. 2012. Web. 04 Jan. 2013.• "Genetically Modified Foods and Organisms --HGP Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues."Genetically Modified Foods and Organisms --HGP Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues. U.S. Department of Energy Genome Programs, 17 May 2012. Web. 05 Jan. 2013.