What are GMOs

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What are GMOs

  1. 1. THE GMO DEBATE
  2. 2. WHAT ARE GMOS?  Genetically Modified organisms, often called genetically engineered (GE). The correct scientific term is “transgenics.” This is a process whereby the genes of one species are inserted into another species. For the purposes of this initiative, the term does not include hybrids, selective breeding, grafting or MAS (Marker Assisted Selection).
  3. 3. Proponents Proponents claim that genetically modified (GM) crops:  are safe to eat and more nutritious  benefit the environment  reduce use of herbicides and insecticides  increase crop yields, thereby helping farmers and solving the food crisis  create a more affluent, stable economy  are just an extension of natural breeding, and have no risks different from naturally bred crops.
  4. 4. Opponents However, a large and growing body of scientific research and on-the-ground experience indicate that  GMOs fail to live up to these claims. Instead, GM crops:  can be toxic, allergenic or less nutritious than their natural counterparts  can disrupt the ecosystem, damage vulnerable wild plant and animal populations and harm biodiversity
  5. 5. Opponents  increase chemical inputs (pesticides, herbicides) over the long-term  deliver yields that are no better, and often worse, than conventional crops  cause or exacerbate a range of social and economic problems  are laboratory-made and, once released, harmful GMOs cannot be recalled from the environment.
  6. 6. Human Guinea Pigs?  “There were no human trials conducted before Genetically Modified crops were introduced into the U.S. food supply. The health effects of most GM food products have never been fully tested.” http://labelgmos.org
  7. 7. Eating an Insecticide?  “Genetically Modified Corn is regulated by the Environmental Protection Agency as an Insecticide. It has been genetically modified to produce pesticides in its own tissue. [ EPA Pesticides]” http://labelgmos.org
  8. 8. GM corn meets local crop
  9. 9. POLL  Should Belizean authorities permit the cultivation of Genetically Modified corn and other such genetically-engineered agricultural produce here? Options:  YES  NO
  10. 10. POLL  Should Belizean authorities permit the cultivation of Genetically Modified corn and other such genetically-engineered agricultural produce here? Options:  YES  NO

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