• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Attachment Theory Developmental Psychology
 

Attachment Theory Developmental Psychology

on

  • 1,027 views

A brief history and overview of attachment theory

A brief history and overview of attachment theory

Statistics

Views

Total Views
1,027
Views on SlideShare
1,027
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
33
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Attachment Theory Developmental Psychology Attachment Theory Developmental Psychology Presentation Transcript

    • Attachment Theory
    • Attachment  Attachment : refers to the close, emotional bonds of affection that develop between infants and their caregivers.
    • The Formation of Attachment Theory  Psychology and medicine discouraged emotional affection and physical contact in the early 1900s.  Many Psychologists believed that emotional affection led to poor mental health.  Medical Practitioners noticed a relationship between physical contact and sickness.
    • The Formation of Attachment Theory  A researcher named Harry Harlow decided to evaluate how contact comfort influence the social development of a group of rhesus monkeys in the late 1950’s.
    • The Formation of Attachment Theory • Feed by wire mother • Feed by cloth mother
    • Attachment Theory  This research led John Bowlby to theorize that infants had a biological need for contact comfort (love).  Infants are biologically programmed to coo, smile, and flirt to get an emotional response from the caregiver (attachment).
    • Features of Attachment  Proximity Maintenance: the need to be physically close to the attachment figure  Seperation Anxiety: the emotional distress seen when separated from the attachment figure  Safe Haven: retreating to the attachment figure when scared  Secure Base: a feeling of being able to explore the world because of the dependability of the attachment figure
    • Types of Attachment  Mary Ainsworth, a colleague of Bowlby, expanded attachment theory by type (secure/insecure).  She developed each type through a series of observational studies called “ the strange situation.”
    • Secure Attachment  Babies will freely explore their environment and occasionally return to parent for comfort.  Babies will cry when parent leaves, but crying quickly stops when parent returns.  Most babies have a secure attachment to their caregiver (60%).
    • ( Insecure) Anxious-Ambivalent Attachment  Babies are reluctant to leave the side of the parent.  Babies show hostility toward parent upon return, often crying for extended periods.  About 10% of babies are found to have anxious-ambivalent attachment.
    • (Insecure) Avoidant Attachment  Babies show little interest in parent, often not crying when parent leaves.  Upon return, babies continue to show little interest and will not seek contact comfort.  About 15% of babies show an avoidant attachment.
    • (Insecure) Disorganized Attachment  Main and Solomon (1986)  Babies show no consistent reactions.  Both anxious-ambivalent and avoidant attachment are present.  Babies appear to make little, if any, eye contact.  About 15% of babies are found to have disorganized attachment.
    • Attachment and Personality Development  Secure: confident, trusting, friendly  Anxious-Ambivalent: jealous, not confident, underappreciated  Avoidant: suspicious, aloof, skeptical  Disorganized: moody, fearful, stress sensitivity
    • Interesting Controversy  On Becoming Baby Wise: Giving Your Infant the Gift of Nighttime Sleep is a book written by Gary Ezzo (former MVCC student) and Robert Bucknam.  The book encouraged parents to “direct” the feeding, sleeping, and play activities of the newborn.  Attachment proponents became critical calming the book encouraged the disruption of the attachment process.
    • Guess The Attachment Style The Grinch Avoidant?
    • Guess the Attachment Style Lindsey Lohan Anxious-Ambivalent?
    • Guess the Attachment Style Dr. Phil Secure?
    • References • Ainsworth, M. D. S. (1968), Object relations, dependency, and attachment: A theoretical review of the infant mother relationship. Child Development, 40, 969-1025. • Bowlby, J. (1958), The nature of the child’s tie to his mother. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, XXXIX, 1-23. • Bowlby, J. (1988). A secure base: Parent-child attachment and healthy human development. New York: Basic Books. • Ezzo, Gary; Bucknam, Robert (2007). On Becoming Baby Wise: Giving Your Infant the Gift of Nighttime Sleep (4 ed.). Parent-Wise Solutions. • Harlow, H. F. (1958). The nature of love. American Psychologist, 13, 673-685 • Hinde, R. A. (1991). Relationships, attachment, and culture: A tribute to John Bowlby. Infant Mental Health Journal, 12, 154-163.