Peace and conflict


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Subject: Global Perspectives:
Background for Peace and Conflict and a group/paired activity for the students.

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Peace and conflict

  1. 1. Peace and Conflict
  2. 2. • “Peace is not merely the absence of war but the presence of justice, of law, of order--in short, of government.” -Albert Einstein • “Peace begins with a smile.” - Mother Teresa
  3. 3. What is PEACE? • Peace is a state of harmony characterized by the lack of violence, conflict behaviors and the freedom from fear of violence. • Commonly understood as the absence of hostility, peace also suggests the existence of healthy or newly healed interpersonal or international relationships, prosperity in matters of social or economic welfare, the establishment of equality, and a working political order that serves the true interests of all.
  4. 4. What is CONFLICT? • There are recognized opposing interests between parties in a zero-sum situation; • There must be a belief by each side that the other one is or will act against them; • This belief is likely to be justified by actions taken; • Conflict is a process, having developed from their past interactions;
  6. 6. CHOOSE TOPIC Example: Conflict in the Philippines (local) 1. Social conflict* 2. Political conflict 3. Economical conflict 4. Religious conflict Cause and Effect Worldwide
  7. 7. WORLDWIDE CONFLICT 1. What is happening? 2. What are the causes and effects? 3. Who are affected? LOCAL: PHILIPPINES 1. How is the Philippines affected in this global conflict?
  8. 8. Example: Conflict in Basilan: The conflict of the Philippine army and MNLF-MILF Cause of the conflict? Main events? Who are affected? How does the conflict affect us globally? ***How is it being resolved?
  9. 9. Philippines vs MNLF • The Philippines is an island nation of some 86 million people, the majority of whom are Catholics. Since the 1970s, the Government has been faced with a Muslim minority fighting for an independant Moro Nation in the Southern Island of Mindanao. The 1996 Peace Agreement between the Manila Government and the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) led to a relative lull in hostilities, but failed to satisfy popular expectations. The Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), today the country's largest Muslim rebel group broke from the MNLF and was implicated in clashes with the government. However since 2003, there have been signs of a breakthrough in relations between Manilla and the MILF, while at the same time the MILF have made statements about renouncing terrorism (see Non State Armed Groups Section). On October 2012 the government has signed a framework peace plan with the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF). • Other Muslim separatists, such as the Abu Sayyaf group, have a history of armed violence. The Mindanao island is also the site of clashes between the Government and Maoist insurgents, mainly represented by the New People's Army, the military wing of the Communist Party of the Philippines. In 2007, the Government enacted the Human Security Act in order to confront the rebels. These different conflicts have led to the displacement of about 120,000 people in Mindanao. • On October 2012 the government has signed a framework peace plan with the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF).
  10. 10. BASILAN
  11. 11. Let’s hear it FIRST hand! 1LT James Whirlwind O. Salazar Platoon Leader. 2LRC, LRB, SOCOM
  12. 12. Future Risk Instability
  13. 13. • mmary/exec_sum_2012.pdf • ion=1 • http://www.geneva- _state=171 •
  14. 14. Dates to remember: DATE: WORK: July 1 (Monday) Research July 4 (Thursday) Research July 5 (Friday) Research + Report (Last 2 students) July 8 (Monday) Report: pair 1 pair 2 pair 3 pair 4 pair 5 July 11 (Thursday) pair 6 pair 7 pair 8 pair 9 pair 10 July 12 (Friday) pair 11 pair 12 Evaluation
  15. 15. Guidelines for the report: • It’s a PAIRED work so share responsibilities. • Creative reporting • 5-8 minutes per report • Site sources • Research on recent conflicts (2000+) • No laptops on the table during the report days