Be Maui’s “Eyes and Ears”   Early Detection of Invasive Plants and Animals on Maui   Elizabeth Speith, USGS Pacific Basin ...
<ul><li>Weed ID Course Overview </li></ul><ul><li>Early detection and invasive species biology </li></ul><ul><li>Plant and...
An  invasive species  is... An alien species whose introduction does or is likely to cause economic or environmental harm ...
Area Time # of individuals Introduction (Lag time)‏ Colonization Naturalization EARLY DETECTION/ RAPID REPSONSE PREVENTION...
When is eradication of pest plants a realistic goal? M. Rejmánek and M. J. Pitcairn, 2002 Turning the Tide: The Eradicatio...
“ The easiest, least expensive, and most successful control programs are those that have detected the invader early.”
From: EXPERIMENTAL ERADICATIONS OF POTENTIALLY INVASIVE PLANT SPECIES ON THE ISLAND OF MAUI, HAWAII, 2006 Forest Starr, Ki...
Method of introduction of the 1150 non-native species in California How do they get here? Nursery Growers Voluntary Codes ...
 
 
<ul><li>Weed ID Course Overview </li></ul><ul><li>Early detection and invasive species biology </li></ul><ul><li>Plant and...
Jubata Grass  ( Cortaderia  species)‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! Dark green   leaves  (C. jubata)‏ Both are sh...
 
 
Jubata Grass  ( Cortaderia  species)‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
 
Jubata Grass  ( Cortaderia  species)‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
Jubata Grass  ( Cortaderia  species)‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
Fountain Grass Pennisetum setaceum Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! Grows in a bunch
 
Fountain Grass Pennisetum setaceum Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! Red flowers shaped like a bottle-cleaning brush
 
Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! Fountain Grass    LOOK-ALIKE! Red Fountain Grass (Pennisetum macrostachyum)‏ Molass...
Ivy Gourd Coccinia grandis Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! - Star shaped flowers - Red Fruit 1-3 in long
 
Ivy Gourd Coccinia grandis Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! Variable leaves
 
Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! Ivy Gourd   LOOK-ALIKE! Bitter melon (Momordica charantia)‏
Rubber Vine Cryptostegia spp. Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! <ul><li>- Purple funnel shaped flowers </li></ul><ul>...
 
Rubber Vine Cryptostegia spp. Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
Rubber Vine Cryptostegia spp. Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
 
Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! Rubber Vine   LOOK-ALIKE! Purple Alamanda (Allamanda violacea)‏ Brazilian jasmine (...
Coqui ( Eleutherodactylus coqui )‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
Coqui ( Eleutherodactylus coqui )‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
Coqui ( Eleutherodactylus coqui )‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
 
 
 
Coqui  LOOK ALIKE! Greenhouse frog ( Eleutherodactylus planirostris )‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
Coqui ( Eleutherodactylus coqui )‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
 
 
 
 
 
Coqui  LOOK ALIKE! Greenhouse frog ( Eleutherodactylus planirostris )‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
Bulbul New non-native birds  Red-vented Bulbul Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! Pycnonotus cafer
New non-native birds  Red-vented Bulbul Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
Yellow-billed cardinal New non-native birds  Yellow-billed cardinal Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! Paroaria capita...
Yellow-billed cardinal   LOOK-ALIKE!   Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! Yellow-billed Paroaria capitata   Red creste...
Little Fire Ant ( Wasmannia auropunctata )‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
LFA Little Fire Ant ( Wasmannia auropunctata )‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
Little Fire Ant ( Wasmannia auropunctata )‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
Little Fire Ant ( Wasmannia auropunctata )‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
Little Fire Ant LOOK ALIKE! Tropical fire ant ( Solenopsis geminata )   3-5 mm (1/8-1/4 in)   Investigate it! Inspect it! ...
Little Fire Ant LOOK ALIKE! Tetramorium ant  ( Tetramorium simillimum )‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
LFA Little Fire Ant ( Wasmannia auropunctata ) Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
Pig blinded from LFA bites LFA Impacts: Quality of life, agriculture, and ecological Entire colony of LFA in a Macadamia n...
LFA Little Fire Ant ( Wasmannia auropunctata ) Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
Little Fire Ant ( Wasmannia auropunctata ) Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
Location of Survey: (Example- 123 Olinda Rd., Makawao, HI, makai side of garden) Date (month, date, year): Collector Name ...
Finding LFA Places you might find LFA Waysides New Landscaping Nurseries/ Fruit Stands Shipments from infested areas of Bi...
Don’t Forget! Do Not Apply Pesticide- let someone know!
Little Fire Ant LOOK ALIKE! Tropical fire ant ( Solenopsis geminata )   3-5 mm (1/8-1/4 in)   Investigate it! Inspect it! ...
Little Fire Ant LOOK ALIKE! Tetramorium ant  ( Tetramorium simillimum ) Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
Alien algaes Alien Algaes Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
supersucker Alien Algaes Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! SUPER SUCKER
Gorilla ogo Alien Algaes: Gorilla Ogo ( Gracilaria saliconria )‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
Gorilla ogo Alien Algaes: Gorilla Ogo ( Gracilaria saliconria )‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
Gorilla ogo Alien Algaes: Gorilla Ogo ( Gracilaria saliconria )‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
Gorilla ogo
Gorilla ogo look alike Gorilla Ogo   LOOK ALIKE! Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! Limu manauea  (Gracilaria coronopi...
Gorilla ogo look alike Gorilla Ogo   LOOK ALIKE! Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! limu wawae'iole    (Codium edule)‏
kappaphychus Alien Algaes: ( Kappaphycus  spp   and  Euchema denticulatum )‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
kappaphychus Alien Algaes: ( Kappaphycus  spp   and  Euchema denticulatum )‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
kappaphychus Alien Algaes: ( Kappaphycus  spp   and  Euchema denticulatum )‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
kappaphychus Alien Algaes  ( Kappaphycus  spp)‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
kappap look alike Kappa-carrageenan   LOOK ALIKE! Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! Hypnea musciformis
kappap look alike Kappa-carrageenan   LOOK ALIKE! Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!   Acanthophora  spicifera
<ul><li>Weed ID Course Overview </li></ul><ul><li>Early detection and invasive species biology </li></ul><ul><li>Plant and...
Don’t Be a Vector!
 
BECOME MAUI’S EYES AND EARS!
WWW.REPORTAPEST.ORG
 
Spread the Word, Not the Weed! Elizabeth Speith, USGS-Pacific Basin Information Node, espeith@usgs.gov, 984-3716 Lissa Fox...
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Be Maui's Eyes and Ears- Invasive Plant and Animal Identification Training for Natural Resource Employess

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This presentation was designed for natural resource professionals and conservation staff to learn about some of the newest invasive plant and animal threats on the island of Maui. This presentation was originally presented by NBII Pacific Basin Information Node and the Maui Invasive Species Committee to the the West Maui Watershed Partnership on August 14, 2008

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  • Be Maui's Eyes and Ears- Invasive Plant and Animal Identification Training for Natural Resource Employess

    1. 1. Be Maui’s “Eyes and Ears” Early Detection of Invasive Plants and Animals on Maui Elizabeth Speith, USGS Pacific Basin Information Node Lyssa Fox, Maui Invasive Species Committee Pacific Basin Information Node https://pbin.nbii.gov
    2. 2. <ul><li>Weed ID Course Overview </li></ul><ul><li>Early detection and invasive species biology </li></ul><ul><li>Plant and Animal ID </li></ul><ul><li>Best Management Practices/ Resources </li></ul>
    3. 3. An invasive species is... An alien species whose introduction does or is likely to cause economic or environmental harm or harm to human health (Exec. Order 13112)‏ Not all alien plant species are invasive. Not all invasive plants are alien.
    4. 4. Area Time # of individuals Introduction (Lag time)‏ Colonization Naturalization EARLY DETECTION/ RAPID REPSONSE PREVENTION MANAGEMENT RESTORATION Phases of Invasion and Associated Control Strategies
    5. 5. When is eradication of pest plants a realistic goal? M. Rejmánek and M. J. Pitcairn, 2002 Turning the Tide: The Eradication of Invasive Species
    6. 6. “ The easiest, least expensive, and most successful control programs are those that have detected the invader early.”
    7. 7. From: EXPERIMENTAL ERADICATIONS OF POTENTIALLY INVASIVE PLANT SPECIES ON THE ISLAND OF MAUI, HAWAII, 2006 Forest Starr, Kim Starr1, and Lloyd L. Loope Residential Naturalized .01 1 Island Yes Verbascum thapsus Residential Naturalized .1 1 Local No Sideroxylon persimile Wildland Naturalized 1+ 5 Island No Pittosporum viridiflorum Wildland Cultivated .01 1 Local Yes Morella faya Wildland Naturalized .1 2 Island No Morella cerifera Residential Not sure .001 1 Island Yes Melastoma sanguineum Residential Cultivated .01 1 Island Yes Maclura pomifera Residential Cultivated .01 2 Local Yes Macaranga tanarius Residential Cultivated .0001 2 Island Yes Macaranga mappa Residential Not sure .01 1 Local Yes Caesalpinia decapetala Residential Naturalized .1 1 Island Yes Acacia retinodes Residential Cultivated .01 3 Island No Acacia podalyriifolia Residential Not Sure 1+ 3 Island No Acacia mangium Residential Not sure 1+ 3 Island No Acacia auriculiformis Land Use Status Acreage Locations Scale Control-led? Scientific Name
    8. 8. Method of introduction of the 1150 non-native species in California How do they get here? Nursery Growers Voluntary Codes of Conduct Hawaii Weed Risk Assessments forage, feed, erosion control ornamental seed contaminant unknown aquarium
    9. 11. <ul><li>Weed ID Course Overview </li></ul><ul><li>Early detection and invasive species biology </li></ul><ul><li>Plant and Animal ID </li></ul><ul><li>Best Management Practices/ Resources </li></ul>
    10. 12. Jubata Grass ( Cortaderia species)‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! Dark green leaves (C. jubata)‏ Both are sharply toothed and can cut when rubbed the wrong way! Narrow bluish-green leaves (C. selloana)‏
    11. 15. Jubata Grass ( Cortaderia species)‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    12. 17. Jubata Grass ( Cortaderia species)‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    13. 18. Jubata Grass ( Cortaderia species)‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    14. 19. Fountain Grass Pennisetum setaceum Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! Grows in a bunch
    15. 21. Fountain Grass Pennisetum setaceum Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! Red flowers shaped like a bottle-cleaning brush
    16. 23. Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! Fountain Grass LOOK-ALIKE! Red Fountain Grass (Pennisetum macrostachyum)‏ Molasses grass (Melinus minutiflora)‏
    17. 24. Ivy Gourd Coccinia grandis Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! - Star shaped flowers - Red Fruit 1-3 in long
    18. 26. Ivy Gourd Coccinia grandis Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! Variable leaves
    19. 28. Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! Ivy Gourd LOOK-ALIKE! Bitter melon (Momordica charantia)‏
    20. 29. Rubber Vine Cryptostegia spp. Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! <ul><li>- Purple funnel shaped flowers </li></ul><ul><li>Glossy leaves </li></ul><ul><li>Produce white latex sap </li></ul>
    21. 31. Rubber Vine Cryptostegia spp. Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    22. 32. Rubber Vine Cryptostegia spp. Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    23. 34. Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! Rubber Vine LOOK-ALIKE! Purple Alamanda (Allamanda violacea)‏ Brazilian jasmine (Mandevilla sanderi)‏
    24. 35. Coqui ( Eleutherodactylus coqui )‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    25. 36. Coqui ( Eleutherodactylus coqui )‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    26. 37. Coqui ( Eleutherodactylus coqui )‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    27. 41. Coqui LOOK ALIKE! Greenhouse frog ( Eleutherodactylus planirostris )‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    28. 42. Coqui ( Eleutherodactylus coqui )‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    29. 48. Coqui LOOK ALIKE! Greenhouse frog ( Eleutherodactylus planirostris )‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    30. 49. Bulbul New non-native birds Red-vented Bulbul Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! Pycnonotus cafer
    31. 50. New non-native birds Red-vented Bulbul Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    32. 51. Yellow-billed cardinal New non-native birds Yellow-billed cardinal Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! Paroaria capitata                                       
    33. 52. Yellow-billed cardinal LOOK-ALIKE! Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! Yellow-billed Paroaria capitata Red crested Paroaria coronota
    34. 53. Little Fire Ant ( Wasmannia auropunctata )‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    35. 54. LFA Little Fire Ant ( Wasmannia auropunctata )‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    36. 55. Little Fire Ant ( Wasmannia auropunctata )‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    37. 56. Little Fire Ant ( Wasmannia auropunctata )‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    38. 57. Little Fire Ant LOOK ALIKE! Tropical fire ant ( Solenopsis geminata ) 3-5 mm (1/8-1/4 in) Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    39. 58. Little Fire Ant LOOK ALIKE! Tetramorium ant ( Tetramorium simillimum )‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    40. 59. LFA Little Fire Ant ( Wasmannia auropunctata ) Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    41. 60. Pig blinded from LFA bites LFA Impacts: Quality of life, agriculture, and ecological Entire colony of LFA in a Macadamia nutshell Cacao tree infested with LFA Fire ant bites
    42. 61. LFA Little Fire Ant ( Wasmannia auropunctata ) Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    43. 62. Little Fire Ant ( Wasmannia auropunctata ) Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    44. 63. Location of Survey: (Example- 123 Olinda Rd., Makawao, HI, makai side of garden) Date (month, date, year): Collector Name and affliliation: Collector Phone #: Observations: Did the ant sting? Is ant slow or fast? Are nests visible? Finding LFA Peanut butter traps Finding LFA Peanut butter traps 1) Peanut butter chopstick bait 2) Leave for 2 hours in area that you suspect LFA 3) Carefully place ant covered chopstick in ziplock with label 4) Freeze ants overnight 4) Take your ant sample to HDOA at the airport or call MISC 573-PEST to arrange for a pick-up.
    45. 64. Finding LFA Places you might find LFA Waysides New Landscaping Nurseries/ Fruit Stands Shipments from infested areas of Big Island
    46. 65. Don’t Forget! Do Not Apply Pesticide- let someone know!
    47. 66. Little Fire Ant LOOK ALIKE! Tropical fire ant ( Solenopsis geminata ) 3-5 mm (1/8-1/4 in) Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    48. 67. Little Fire Ant LOOK ALIKE! Tetramorium ant ( Tetramorium simillimum ) Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    49. 68. Alien algaes Alien Algaes Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    50. 69. supersucker Alien Algaes Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! SUPER SUCKER
    51. 70. Gorilla ogo Alien Algaes: Gorilla Ogo ( Gracilaria saliconria )‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    52. 71. Gorilla ogo Alien Algaes: Gorilla Ogo ( Gracilaria saliconria )‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    53. 72. Gorilla ogo Alien Algaes: Gorilla Ogo ( Gracilaria saliconria )‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    54. 73. Gorilla ogo
    55. 74. Gorilla ogo look alike Gorilla Ogo LOOK ALIKE! Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! Limu manauea (Gracilaria coronopifolia)‏
    56. 75. Gorilla ogo look alike Gorilla Ogo LOOK ALIKE! Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! limu wawae'iole  (Codium edule)‏
    57. 76. kappaphychus Alien Algaes: ( Kappaphycus spp and Euchema denticulatum )‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    58. 77. kappaphychus Alien Algaes: ( Kappaphycus spp and Euchema denticulatum )‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    59. 78. kappaphychus Alien Algaes: ( Kappaphycus spp and Euchema denticulatum )‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    60. 79. kappaphychus Alien Algaes ( Kappaphycus spp)‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    61. 80. kappap look alike Kappa-carrageenan LOOK ALIKE! Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! Hypnea musciformis
    62. 81. kappap look alike Kappa-carrageenan LOOK ALIKE! Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!   Acanthophora spicifera
    63. 82. <ul><li>Weed ID Course Overview </li></ul><ul><li>Early detection and invasive species biology </li></ul><ul><li>Plant and Animal ID </li></ul><ul><li>Best Management Practices/ Resources </li></ul>
    64. 83. Don’t Be a Vector!
    65. 85. BECOME MAUI’S EYES AND EARS!
    66. 86. WWW.REPORTAPEST.ORG
    67. 88. Spread the Word, Not the Weed! Elizabeth Speith, USGS-Pacific Basin Information Node, espeith@usgs.gov, 984-3716 Lissa Fox, Maui Invasive Species Committee, miscpr@hawaii.edu, 573-MISC

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