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Those who get affected… Are people who generally have long-term diabetes, and Type 1 and Type 2 Those who are Hispanic or African American have a greater risk of getting this disease Mostly found in adolescents and people over 30 years old It also affects both genders
What is retinopathy? Damage to the eye’s retina that occurs with long-term diabetes Symptoms include: blind spots, difficulty in vision in dim light, double vision, hazy or blurry focus, pain in the eye, headaches, floating spots, no peripheral vision, and shadows Possible complications include: cataracts, glaucoma, macular edema, retinal detachment.
Areas of infection Infects blood vessels in the eyes Blocks the blood vessel Small bleeding (or retinal hemorrhages) and fluid leaking into the retina. New blood vessels are fragile and can bleed Scars develop on retina and other parts of the eye (the vitreous)
The cause of infectionDiabetes Type 1 and 2Damage to blood vessels of retinaWhen you are diagnosed with Type 1 or 2diabetes you are more susceptible to infectionA person in adolescent or of more than 30 yearswith diabetes are at risk
TreatmentControl levels of blood sugar, blood pressure, andcholesterol, and refrain from tobacco useTreatment: focal laser photocoagulation is used totreat itScatter laser treatment or panretinal photocoagulationAlso surgical treatment called vitrectomyPerceptions include: corticosteroids
CitationA.D.A.M. MEDICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA. (2012, JANUARY 12).PUBMED HEALTH. RETRIEVED FROMHTTP://WWW.NCVI.NLM.NIH.GOV/PUBMENDHEALTH/PMH0002192/