Cities and the future of humanity
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Cities and the future of humanity

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Lecture given to architecture department undergrads at Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea on April 29, 2009

Lecture given to architecture department undergrads at Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea on April 29, 2009

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  • 1. Cities: The Future of Humanity a love/hate relationship with cities 2009.04.29 _np
  • 2. Index 01 Introduction 02 Cities 03 Scale 04 The Plan 05 Relevancy 2
  • 3. Introduction 3
  • 4. Why me? Bangkok Paris Hanoi Washington DC Seoul New York London 4
  • 5. Why me? Urban Technology Architecture Strategy Consulting 5
  • 6. Cities 6
  • 7. City Stats 2006 50% of world population live in cities 7
  • 8. City Stats 1 billion Live in informal settlements 8
  • 9. City Stats 20-15 400 million/year million Move to cities in China Needing new housing in China in next 15 years 9
  • 10. City Stats 70% CO2 produced by cities 10
  • 11. City Stats 101 Metropolitan Areas 11
  • 12. City Stats 12
  • 13. What is a city? 13
  • 14. What is a city? What is your favorite city? Why? 13
  • 15. What is a city? What is your favorite city? Why? Why do you like Seoul? Why do you hate Seoul? 13
  • 16. What is a city? What is your favorite city? Why? Why do you like Seoul? Why do you hate Seoul? What makes a good city? 13
  • 17. Why cities? Stewart Brand, TED 2006 14
  • 18. Why cities? Stewart Brand, TED 2006 14
  • 19. Why cities? More than 50% of the World’s population live in cities. Why? • Economy mobility • Opportunity • Security • Excitement 15
  • 20. Why cities? More than 50% of the World’s population live in cities. Why? • Economy mobility • Opportunity = Hope • Security • Excitement 15
  • 21. Scale 16
  • 22. Issues of Scale Charles & Ray Eames, Powers of Ten, 1977 17
  • 23. Issues of Scale Charles & Ray Eames, Powers of Ten, 1977 17
  • 24. Elements to a city Many elements comprising the city: • Socio-Economics (population, industry, agriculture, density, poverty, equity etc, etc) • Infrastructure (roads, transportation, water supply, waste treatment, drainage, electricity, green space etc) • Housing & settlement • Urban management (master planning, cultural & heritage, environment, disaster, etc.) • Regulation (zoning, urban design guidelines, etc.) • Administration / Politics • Events (Olympics, Expo...) 18
  • 25. Issues of scale 19
  • 26. Issues of scale 4.1km x 830m = 3.4km2 19
  • 27. Issues of scale Hanoi 3300 km2 3300 Seoul 600 km2 3300 2 Yeouido 8.4 km 3300 Bundang 70 km2 2 Central Park 3.4 km 3300 2 Yeouido Park 0.23 km 3300 20
  • 28. What scale? The scale determines the type of relationship: • Building • Neighborhood • Village/Town • Region • Country • Continent • World 21
  • 29. What scale? National • National policy Regional (1:10,000 - 25,000) • Population distribution and density General (1:5,000) • Road network, infrastructure, Green space Detailed (1:500 - 2,000) • Urban design / architectural design 22
  • 30. Google Earth / Google Maps 23
  • 31. Google Earth / Google Maps 23
  • 32. Google Earth / Google Maps 23
  • 33. Google Earth / Google Maps 23
  • 34. Google Earth / Google Maps 23
  • 35. Google Earth / Google Maps 23
  • 36. Google Earth / Google Maps 23
  • 37. Google Earth / Google Maps 23
  • 38. The Plan 24
  • 39. What’s the plan, Stan? City Vision Goal 1. Smart Growth New York A Greener, Greater 2. Revitalization Urban Infrastructure (PlaNYC 2030) New York 3. Counter Global Warming 1. Long term economic growth London Sustainable 2. Share in London’s future success (London Plan 2008) World City 3. Improve environment 1. A sustainable, compact structure. Vancouver Livability 2. Diverse & affordable housing choices. (Comprehensive Pl & 3. A strong, diverse regional economy an 2040) Sustainability 4. Protect the region’s natural assets. 5. A sustainable transportation system. 1. Sustainable city 2. Energizing city Rotterdam The World Capital of (Rotterdam Climzat 3. Sustainable mobility e Initiative Plan) CO2-free energy 4. Innovation lab 5. Sustainable energy port 25
  • 40. What’s the plan, Stan? City Vision Goal 1. A more compact city Melbourne (M 2. Network with the regional cities elbourne Planning f Livable, Attractive and 3. A greener city or Sustainable Gro Prosperous City wth 2030) 4. Better transport links 5. Better planning decision and management 1. Increase of City Competitiveness A Clean, Attractive Seoul 2. A City of Culture and Environment & (Vision 2020) 3. A City of Creative Economy Global City 4. A Welfare City 1. International financial center. 2. Efficient city sturcture. Kuala Lumpur (Kuala Lumpur A World Class City 3. Enhance living environment. Plan 2020) 4. Distinctive identity 5. Efficientive governance. 1. People-centered development Bangkok New Bangkok City 2. Healthy city (Bangkok City Plan 2011) Livable City 3. Education development 4. Culture driven development 26
  • 41. What’s the Plan, Stan? 27
  • 42. What’s the Plan, Stan? Livable 27
  • 43. What’s the Plan, Stan? Livable Global 27
  • 44. What’s the Plan, Stan? Livable Global Green 27
  • 45. Washington DC 28
  • 46. Washington DC 29
  • 47. Washington DC 30
  • 48. Washington DC 31
  • 49. Washington DC 32
  • 50. London 33
  • 51. London 34
  • 52. London 35
  • 53. London 36
  • 54. London 37
  • 55. London 38
  • 56. Seoul 39
  • 57. Seoul 40
  • 58. Seoul 41
  • 59. Seoul 42
  • 60. Seoul 43
  • 61. Seoul 44
  • 62. So what? 45
  • 63. So what? Each generation faces unique challenges: • Industrial revolution • Reconstruction after World War • Threat of nuclear war • Energy crisis • Climate change • Cities are a solution as much as a problem 46
  • 64. World Bank “New thinking about cities has led to a paradigm shift in the way we move forward in the coming decade. While urbanization was once criticized as being unmanageable and counter productive, it is now considered a key element in promoting economic growth, if well managed. In many countries, cities are leading the way in innovations and responses to global development challenges, including climate change, energy efficiency, and economic development.” 47
  • 65. Issues of Sustainability Sustainability Environmental Cultural Social Economic 48
  • 66. UN-HABITAT 49
  • 67. UN-HABITAT 49
  • 68. UN-HABITAT City is the future of humanity. Cities are where the fate of humanity will be fought. 49
  • 69. Conclusion 50
  • 70. The Message Think Globally Act Locally 51
  • 71. Thank you.