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Cooperative Learning Powerpoint

  1. 1. Cooperative Learning How working together gives you skills for life! By Lori Brouillette Adams Middle School 6 th Grade Language Arts Instructor Click on the arrows to guide you through the slide show.
  2. 2. Standards <ul><li>The State of Nebraska thinks cooperative learning is a life-skill that you should have mastery of before you graduate. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s that important! </li></ul><ul><li> LA 6.3.3 Reciprocal Communication: Students will develop, apply, and adapt reciprocal communication skills. </li></ul>
  3. 3. 6.3.3 Breakdown <ul><li>LA 6.3.3.a Demonstrate sensitivity to the use of words in general as well as to a particular audience (e.g., stereotypes, connotations, subtleties of language) </li></ul><ul><li>LA 6.3.3.b Apply conversation strategies (e.g., listen while others are talking, gain the floor, eye contact, tone, stay on topic, non-verbal cues) </li></ul><ul><li>LA 6.3.3.c Interact and collaborate with others in learning situations by contributing questions, information, opinions, and ideas using a variety of media and formats </li></ul>
  4. 4. What Is Cooperative Learning? <ul><li>Cooperative learning is where teams of students, with various abilities and skills, work together on different activities to learn about a subject. </li></ul><ul><li>Groups will stay together for weeks, months or years. </li></ul><ul><li>Groups should be 2-5 people in size. </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Five Cooperative Learning Skills <ul><li>Cooperative Learning includes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Positive Interdependence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Face-to-face Interaction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual Accountability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interpersonal and Group Skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Group Processing </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Positive Interdependence <ul><li>Positive interdependence means you need each other to complete your task. </li></ul><ul><li>How do you get it? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish mutual goals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Come up with rewards to everyone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Share materials and information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assign roles </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Positive Interdependence <ul><li>Assigning roles is a key element to making sure your project goes well. </li></ul><ul><li>Here are some examples of roles: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recorder —takes and keeps official notes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cheerleader – encourages the group when the group is doing great or not-so-great </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitator (leader) —makes sure everyone has a role and responsibility and is doing it. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parliamentarian (rule keeper) —keeps everyone on task and enforces the group’s rules </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Positive Interdependence <ul><li>With your table group, think of at least three (3) other roles cooperative learning groups might have. </li></ul><ul><li>We will be assigning these group roles this week. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Face-to-Face Interaction <ul><li>You get to talk in class! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>But only about your project by… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Summarizing the lesson or assignment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Helping each other out by explaining assignments or further discussing them with your group </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Sit facing each other </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not in rows or lines </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Look at the speaker (eye-contact) </li></ul><ul><li>Think about what they are saying </li></ul>
  10. 10. Individual Accountability <ul><li>Everyone must learn the information, so everyone can contribute to the project. </li></ul><ul><li>Group grade and individual grade. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Group is graded on project. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individuals are graded on how well they perform their role, responsibilities and know the information. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Everyone has a job to do. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Responsibilities & Individual Accountability <ul><li>Make a “T-chart” of group project responsibilities that you have enjoyed in the past and some that you have not liked. </li></ul><ul><li>Write at least three in each column. </li></ul><ul><li>When everyone is finished, share your answers with each other. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Interpersonal & Group Skills <ul><li>Brainstorm a list of reasons why working in groups is tough. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on what people do to make it hard to get the job done. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Example: Insults like, “Don’t be stupid, that’s not how you do it!” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Interpersonal & Group Skills <ul><li>Now… as a group, come up with solutions to those negative problems. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on how your group will work through problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Example: “One of our group rules is no “put downs,” let’s hear your idea.” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Interpersonal & Group Skills <ul><li>Wouldn’t it be easier to prevent or avoid conflicts before they start? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Respect each other’s opinion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Celebrate and use your differences to your advantage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use active listening </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Interpersonal & Group Skills <ul><li>Active listening is a structured form of listening and responding that focuses the attention on the speaker. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Listener gives the speaker his or her full attention . </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Listener repeats the speaker’s words. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Speaker will clarify if the listener doesn’t understand their point of view. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Interpersonal & Group Skills Click on the video to learn how active listening can help you manage conflicts.
  17. 17. Active Listening Quiz <ul><ul><li>Paying attention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Showing interest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eye contact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Walk away from the speaker </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t interrupt or change the subject </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ask questions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Repeat what the speaker said in your own words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Listen for feelings </li></ul></ul>Click on the bulleted words that are not an example of active listening?
  18. 18. Active Listening Quiz <ul><li>Correct! </li></ul><ul><li>You did a great job listening to the video. </li></ul><ul><li>Use those listening skills to avoid conflict when working with others! </li></ul>
  19. 19. Active Listening Quiz <ul><li>Sorry, that’s wrong. </li></ul><ul><li>The correct answer was: </li></ul><ul><li>“ An active listener does not walk away </li></ul><ul><li>from the speaker.” </li></ul><ul><li>Talk to your group about why you thought your answer was correct or replay the video. </li></ul>Replay video
  20. 20. Interpersonal & Group Skills <ul><li>Remember… in order to effectively learn, cooperative groups must use these skills: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decision-making </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Active Listening </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conflict-management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leadership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>That might mean… letting someone else be the leader. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Group Process <ul><li>Groups need time to think and reflect. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What procedures are working well– what needs to change </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What has the group learned? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What has the group accomplished? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What would the group/group members do differently next time? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How would the group grade itself? Each other? </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Cooperative Learning Works! Research suggests that students who work in cooperative groups have higher achievement and learning than… When they work alone Work competitively Or individually … regardless of their differences in ability, ethnic background, handicapped or not!
  23. 23. Cooperative Learning Quiz <ul><li>Cooperative learning groups need which of the following skills to successfully work? </li></ul><ul><li>Click on your answer. </li></ul><ul><li>A– Positive interdependence </li></ul><ul><li>B– Face-to-face interaction </li></ul><ul><li>C– Individual accountability </li></ul><ul><li>D– Interpersonal and group skills </li></ul><ul><li>E– Group processing </li></ul><ul><li>F— All of the above </li></ul>
  24. 24. Cooperative Learning Quiz <ul><li>You’re Right! </li></ul><ul><li>Your skills are going to be a great asset to your cooperative learning group! </li></ul>
  25. 25. Cooperative Learning Quiz <ul><li>That’s one of the ways to make a cooperative learning group experience great, but you’re forgetting the rest. </li></ul><ul><li>Click here to review the list and don’t forget to practice all of the skills listed! </li></ul>
  26. 26. Internet Resources <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>