MacArthur’s 12 th infantry gassed more than 1,000 marchers, including an 11-month old baby, who died
Two vets were shot and scores injured
Americans were outraged and once again, Hoover’s image suffered
Hoover had little chance to be re-elected in 1932
Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR) Elected President, 1932 on promise of getting the economy back on its feet. In 1933, after only a few weeks in office, he proposes a plan called The New Deal.
“ The only thing we have to fear is fear itself.” In his first inaugural address, FDR soothed U.S. citizens with these words. FDR’s New Deal plan offered new federal programs to improve the economy and help those in need. He also begins a series of radio talks called the “Fireside Chats.” He spoke on the air about conditions in the nation and what the gov’t. was doing about them. These informal talks help make people feel more hopeful.
Created work codes and industry safety regulations.
Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC):
Gave 2.5 million young men work in environmental
Social Security Act: - Gave benefits to the elderly and orphaned and to people injured in industrial accidents. Social Security is currently estimated to keep roughly 40% of all Americans age 65 or older out of poverty Most women and minorities were initially excluded from the benefits of unemployment insurance and old age pensions. Employment definitions reflected typical white male categories and patterns. Nearly two-thirds of all African Americans in the labor force, 70 to 80% in some areas in the South, and just over half of all women employed were not covered by Social Security. ] Amendments over the years have changed that.