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World war ii part 1


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World war ii part 1

  1. 1. World War II(1939-1945)<br />
  2. 2. Causes of WWII<br />
  3. 3. Post WWI Problems<br />The Treaty of Versailles<br />Germans were angered and humiliated and they believed that they were punished too harshly<br />Italians and Japanese were disappointed because they felt they didn’t gain enough territory or colonies<br />The Great Depression<br />Economic problems made people desperate<br />They wanted strong leaders to help<br />
  4. 4. Fascist Aggression<br />Dictators in Germany, Italy, and Japan wanted to build empires so they invaded other nations <br />Responses to Fascist Aggression<br />Appeasement: giving into a nation’s demands in order to avoid war<br />To avoid war with Germany, Great Britain and France allowed Hitler to rebuild his military and invade other nations<br />Isolationism: when a nation keeps to itself and remains neutral in wars between other nations<br />The United States ignored these aggressive actions and hoped to remain neutral when the war began<br />
  5. 5. Key Concepts<br />of WWII<br />
  6. 6. Alliances of WWII<br />
  7. 7. Theaters of Conflict<br />European Theater<br />In Europe and the surrounding areas<br />Western Front – battles fought in Western Europe<br />Mainly Britain, France, and U.S. vs. Germany and Italy<br />Eastern Front – battles fought in Eastern Europe<br />Mainly between Germany and the Soviet Union<br />Africa – battles fought in deserts of North Africa<br />Allies fought against Germany and Italy<br />
  8. 8. Pacific Theater<br />Fighting between Allies and Japanese on islands, water, and air of the Pacific Ocean<br />Allies used “island hopping” or fighting island by island to push closer to Japan<br />Aircraft carriers (large ships that planes could takeoff of and land on) were very important<br />
  9. 9. Role of Geography<br />The small islands of Japan had very few natural resources so the Japanese invaded other nations to get them. <br />Germany’s location in Central Europe made it easy to expand in every direction.<br />Great Britain was an island protected from invasion by surrounding waters.<br />The Soviet Union was protected from invasion by lots of territory and extremely cold winter weather.<br />