Physical Features Of Australia 08 09

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  • 1. Political & Physical Features of Australia Unit 10 Notes
  • 2. I. Australia’s Political Features
  • 3. Australia…
    • Is divided into territories and states:
      • States: Tasmania, Victoria, South Australia, Western Australia, New South Wales, Queensland
      • Territories: Northern Territory and Australian Capital Territory
  • 4.  
  • 5. Tasmania
    • Island off the southeast coast of the mainland
    • Almost half of Tasmania is unspoiled land that is protected by the government
  • 6.  
  • 7. Tasmanian Devil?
  • 8.  
  • 9. Victoria
    • State closest to Tasmania
      • Southeast part of the mainland
    • Capital is Melbourne; it’s the most urban state in Australia
    • The many rivers of the region are a good source of fresh water for farming
  • 10.  
  • 11.  
  • 12. South Australia
    • State in south-central Australia
    • The Great Victoria Desert is located here…
  • 13.  
  • 14.  
  • 15. Western Australia
    • Largest state; makes up 1/3rd of the mainland
    • Most of Western Australia is desert (Great Victoria Desert and Great Sandy Desert are located here)
  • 16. Great Sandy Desert
  • 17. New South Wales
    • North of Victoria, on the eastern coast
    • Has more people than any other Australian state
      • The capital, Sydney, is the most populated city in Australia -- 3 1/2 million people live there!
    • Australian Capital Territory is located here
  • 18. Sydney, New South Wales
  • 19. Queensland
    • Second largest state; 7 times the size of England!
    • In the northeastern part of the mainland
    • Great Barrier Reef is located off the coast in the Coral Sea
    • More than half of Queensland’s population lives in the capital: Brisbane
  • 20. Brisbane
  • 21.  
  • 22. Northern Territory
    • Northern coast of the mainland, between Western Australia and Queensland
    • Largest population of Aborigines in Australia
  • 23.  
  • 24. Australian Capital Territory
    • Located in New South Wales
    • The national capital, Canberra , is located here
  • 25. Canberra (Australia’s Capital)
  • 26. II. Australia’s Physical Features
  • 27. Australia…
    • The only country on the world’s smallest and flattest continent…
    • Has Earth’s oldest and least fertile soils
    • Only Antarctica receives less rainfall!
    • Commonwealth of Australia also includes Tasmania, an island south of the mainland
    • It’s surrounded by the Indian and Pacific Oceans
  • 28.
    • Huge desert plains stretch across the country’s middle--central Australia’s climate is hot and dry
    • Milder climates along the southeastern and southwestern coasts
    • Most Australians live in the southeastern coastal region
  • 29. Great Barrier Reef
    • World’s largest coral reef!
    • Lies off the northeast coast of Queensland--over 1,200 miles long
    • Contains an amazing variety of marine life, including the world’s largest collection of coral
      • 400 types of coral, 1,500 species of fish, & 4,000 mollusks (snails, clams, octopi, & squid)
      • Also includes rare species like the sea cow and the large green turtle
  • 30. Great Barrier Reef from space
  • 31.  
  • 32.  
  • 33. Coral Sea
    • An important source of coral for the Great Barrier Reef
      • Part of the Pacific Ocean
      • Off the northeast coast of Australia
    • When the earth’s crust moved millions of years ago, it created the Coral Sea and the Great Dividing Range (largest mountain range in Australia)
    • Coral Sea islands are scattered over thousands of miles of ocean--no one lives on the islands except for a small group of weather specialists
  • 34.  
  • 35. Ayers Rock
    • A huge, reddish rock in the center of Australia
      • Very close to the geographic center of the continent…
    • It’s a monolith , which is a single, large rock sticking out of the earth
    • Appears reddish because its iron content “rusts” at the surface
    • Nearly 12 stories high and almost 6 miles wide!
  • 36.  
  • 37. Ayers Rock
    • Aborigines call it “Uluru”, which is its official name
    • European surveyor visited the rock in 1873 and named it after Sir Henry Ayers, an English government official in South Australia
    • In 1950, Australia created Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park around Ayers Rock
      • Both are located in the southwest corner of the state called Northern Territory
  • 38.  
  • 39. Great Victoria Desert
    • Stretches through the states of South Australia and Western Australia
    • Receives only 8 to 10 inches of rain each year, and it never snows!
    • Some grasslands in the desert along with sandhills and salt
  • 40.  
  • 41. Great Victoria Desert
    • First Europeans to cross the desert named it after British Queen Victoria in 1875
    • 160,000 miles long & is a protected wilderness area
    • Very few Australians live here because it’s too hot and dry
  • 42.