Welcome to
Uncovering
  Rondo
Tools Historians Use
                                            Fire
                                         Insurance
 ...
What is Rondo?
Joseph Rondeau
                      1835




        Mississippi
          River
1840




Mississippi
  River
Lake Como




                                   State Capitol
                                         1905




    Rondo...
Capitol Hill Magnet School
                   560 Concordia Avenue


                                University Ave.




 ...
Why “uncover”
  Rondo?
Concordia Ave. at Arundel St. 1940
  Rondo Ave. at Arundel St. - - 2009
CHANGE
               C   ause it
         En    H   ance it
               A   dapt and Compromise
Notice it or   N   ot
...
Prosperity
1880s – 1920s
       1880s – 1920s

1800                   1920s – 1950s   1950s – 1960s   Today
Reading The Appeal
Reading The Appeal
• 100 years ago, St. Paul’s African American
  community read about . . .
• Back then, the jobs that Af...
“Tough Times”
1930s – 1950s
                       1930s – 1950s

1800   1880s – 1920s                   1950s – 1960s   T...
Oral Histories & Photographs

        I lived at

            I remember my grandpa was playing the piano
            one ...
Photographs
      Evelyn Fairbanks




        Author of Days of Rondo,
           published in 1990
Rondo was really run down
                        very, very poor
 very rich
             run down




very run-down neigh...
What Makes a Place
          Important?
• Oral histories show that Rondo was an
  important place 70 years ago because . ....
The Highway
1950s – 1960s
                                       1950s – 1960s

1800   1880s – 1920s   1950s – 1960s      ...
The Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956
… There is hereby authorized to be appropriated for …
1957, $125,000,000…; the sum of ...
Why build highways?

 National Defense



                 Safety

               Traffic Jams



       Economy
Public Hearing at City Hall ― December 13, 1956




                                  Everett J. McCubrey
                ...
Lake Como
         Northern Route


                                 State Capitol




Rondo/St. Anthony
     Route

     ...
Lake Como




                  State
                 Capitol



   Mississippi
     River
Northern Route




 Rondo/St. Anthony
      Route
Frank D. Marzitelli
Commissioner of Public Works
Northern Route




Rondo/St. Anthony
     Route
George Shepard
Chief Engineer
Department of Public Works
Timothy J. Howard
Barber




          Northern Route




Rondo/St. Anthony
     Route
Floyd Massey
                     Minister




         Northern Route




Rondo/St. Anthony
     Route
Northern Route
      Build a Bridge?

           Midway
           Business
            Area




    Rondo/St. Anthony
   ...
Frank Claybourne
                      Lawyer




         Northern Route
            Highway




Rondo/St. Anthony
    Pa...
Northern Route




Rondo/St. Anthony
     Route
              Albert R. Shiely
              Former President,
           ...
Which Route Would You Choose?
                                     Floyd
      Timothy J.                    Massey
      ...
1968
Cornelius
 Benner
                    Maxfield School
       Stop Sound
Marvin Roger
                 Anderson




 Interviewed for
Voices of Rondo,
published in 2005
Nathaniel
                          George Davis
  Abdul Khaliq

              “Your grandfather
                 was a ma...
“Every time I drive
down I-94 … I think I
must be driving over
my bedroom.”
        ― Barbara Vassar Gray
Why Remember
   Rondo?
                                                       Today

1800   1880s – 1920s   1950s – 1960s ...
How Can We Remember?
                           Looking South on
                         Arundel Street ― 1940




   Loo...
How can YOU carry on the
         culture of Rondo?

“The values, the character,
the integrity, the close-knit
connection,...
CHANGE
                C   ause it
          En    H   ance it
                A   dapt and compromise
Notice it or    N  ...
Uncovering
  Rondo
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  • Concordia (Old Rondo) Ave. & St. Albans Street signs - Photographer Dwight R. Scott - May 3 2009.jpg
  • Census: from http://www.us-census.org/image-index/mn/1850/r.htmPainting:Shooting the Rapids by Frances Ann Hopkins, 1879Map: Minnesota Territory – 1849 ; True North website: http://www.lmic.state.mn.us/ghol/
  • Map: Saint Paul Plat Map – 1839 ; True North website: http://www.lmic.state.mn.us/ghol/
  • City of Saint Paul – 1874; fromMinnesota Digital Library website– Minnesota Reflections [http://reflections.mndigital.org]
  • Capitol Hill Magnet School with Interstate-94 in foreground - Photographer Dwight R. Scott - May 3 2009.jpg
  • 1940 Photograph: Rondo at Arundel Streets, St. Paul. Photograph Collection ca. 1940 Location no. MR2.9 SP2.2 r65 Negative no. 20540 MHS Visual Resource Database;2009 Photograph: Concordia (Old Rondo) Ave. at Arundel looking northeast - Photographer Dwight R. Scott - May 3 2009.jpg
  • Food image from www.motherearthnews.com/blogs/blog.aspx?blogi...; Drinks image from www.integritea.org/?p=327; Cards image from www.theonlinepokerguy.com
  • President Eisenhower signs the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956Eisenhower Presidential Library & Museum Web Site Information
  • Images from “Highway Needs of the National Defense” – House Document Nol. 249; 1949
  • Image from HistoricAmericawww.historicamerica.net
  • Marzitelli Image: MN Highways vol. 6, No. 10, Aug/?Shepard Image: MN Historical Society Visual Resources Database, Location no. POR 20271 p1 Howard Image: Minneapolis Spokesman, 1/3/1958Massey Image: from cover of Pilgrim Baptist Church service program, July 4, 1965Lund Image: from Midway Club News, Vol. 4, No. 1, April/1937Claybourne Image: Ramsey County Bar Association Membership Directory – 1993/1994Shiely Image: St. Paul Association News, Vol. 17, No. 5 ,Sept/1952
  • Images from Voices of Rondoand Remember Rondo booklet, 1983
  • Mount Olive Mission, 304 Rondo, St. PaulPhotographer: St. Paul Dispatch & Pioneer Press Photograph Collection 5/16/1956 Location no. MR2.9 SP5.1 r202 Negative no. 27387
  • Uncovering Rondo [Capitol Hill] Power Point Presentation

    1. 1. Welcome to Uncovering Rondo
    2. 2. Tools Historians Use Fire Insurance Maps Census Records Books Meeting Transcripts Oral Histories City Maps Newspapers Government Documents Photographs
    3. 3. What is Rondo?
    4. 4. Joseph Rondeau 1835 Mississippi River
    5. 5. 1840 Mississippi River
    6. 6. Lake Como State Capitol 1905 Rondo Neighborhood Mississippi River 1874
    7. 7. Capitol Hill Magnet School 560 Concordia Avenue University Ave. Rice St. Lexington Ave. Dale St. Rondo Ave. Marshall Ave.
    8. 8. Why “uncover” Rondo?
    9. 9. Concordia Ave. at Arundel St. 1940 Rondo Ave. at Arundel St. - - 2009
    10. 10. CHANGE C ause it En H ance it A dapt and Compromise Notice it or N ot Fight a G ainst it L E earn from it
    11. 11. Prosperity 1880s – 1920s 1880s – 1920s 1800 1920s – 1950s 1950s – 1960s Today
    12. 12. Reading The Appeal
    13. 13. Reading The Appeal • 100 years ago, St. Paul’s African American community read about . . . • Back then, the jobs that African Americans held were . . . • What Rondo neighborhood landmarks can you find?
    14. 14. “Tough Times” 1930s – 1950s 1930s – 1950s 1800 1880s – 1920s 1950s – 1960s Today
    15. 15. Oral Histories & Photographs I lived at I remember my grandpa was playing the piano one day, and my grandma [said]…, “We got to have wood…. We’re gonna have to do what we don’t want to do, but we’re gonna have to do it anyway.” Well, they chopped up the piano … [for the] wood to heat the house…. So those are the tough times in the winter time that we had…. Children of Rondo, published in 2006
    16. 16. Photographs Evelyn Fairbanks Author of Days of Rondo, published in 1990
    17. 17. Rondo was really run down very, very poor very rich run down very run-down neighborhood but very, very rich
    18. 18. What Makes a Place Important? • Oral histories show that Rondo was an important place 70 years ago because . . . • What stories do the photographs tell? • What Rondo neighborhood landmarks can you find?
    19. 19. The Highway 1950s – 1960s 1950s – 1960s 1800 1880s – 1920s 1950s – 1960s Today
    20. 20. The Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956 … There is hereby authorized to be appropriated for … 1957, $125,000,000…; the sum of $850,000,000 for … 1958; and the sum of $875,000,000 for … 1959…. The sums authorized by this section shall be apportioned among the several States….
    21. 21. Why build highways? National Defense Safety Traffic Jams Economy
    22. 22. Public Hearing at City Hall ― December 13, 1956 Everett J. McCubrey District Engineer Department of Highways
    23. 23. Lake Como Northern Route State Capitol Rondo/St. Anthony Route Mississippi River
    24. 24. Lake Como State Capitol Mississippi River
    25. 25. Northern Route Rondo/St. Anthony Route Frank D. Marzitelli Commissioner of Public Works
    26. 26. Northern Route Rondo/St. Anthony Route George Shepard Chief Engineer Department of Public Works
    27. 27. Timothy J. Howard Barber Northern Route Rondo/St. Anthony Route
    28. 28. Floyd Massey Minister Northern Route Rondo/St. Anthony Route
    29. 29. Northern Route Build a Bridge? Midway Business Area Rondo/St. Anthony Route Henry J. Lund Executive Secretary Midway Civic Club
    30. 30. Frank Claybourne Lawyer Northern Route Highway Rondo/St. Anthony Parkway Route Mississippi River
    31. 31. Northern Route Rondo/St. Anthony Route Albert R. Shiely Former President, Saint Paul Chamber of Commerce
    32. 32. Which Route Would You Choose? Floyd Timothy J. Massey Howard Northern Route Frank Claybourne Frank D. Marzitelli Rondo/St. Anthony Route Albert R. George Henry J. Shiely Shepard Lund
    33. 33. 1968
    34. 34. Cornelius Benner Maxfield School Stop Sound
    35. 35. Marvin Roger Anderson Interviewed for Voices of Rondo, published in 2005
    36. 36. Nathaniel George Davis Abdul Khaliq “Your grandfather was a man! He stood up.” Interviewed for Voices of Rondo
    37. 37. “Every time I drive down I-94 … I think I must be driving over my bedroom.” ― Barbara Vassar Gray
    38. 38. Why Remember Rondo? Today 1800 1880s – 1920s 1950s – 1960s 1950s – 1960s
    39. 39. How Can We Remember? Looking South on Arundel Street ― 1940 Looking South on Arundel Street ― 2009
    40. 40. How can YOU carry on the culture of Rondo? “The values, the character, the integrity, the close-knit connection, the extended family…. It was part of our culture.” ― Yusef Mgeni 519 Carroll Avenue
    41. 41. CHANGE C ause it En H ance it A dapt and compromise Notice it or N ot Fight a G ainst it L E arn from it
    42. 42. Uncovering Rondo

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