participatory media for
youth and community development


                                        QuickTimeª and a
       ...
abstract
 main ideas:
 •  inte rse ctio n o f ne w me dia cre atio n to o ls and a bre e d o f facilitato rs who unde rsta...
context: two cities
                         lawrence                                        bangalore
aka                ...
two programs
                                                            drishya, banalore
                               ...
new media + “outsider” = opportunity
            the ro le o f the o utside facilitato r:
            • F ire » te ache r ...
framework : PDC

                                                whe re can ne w
                                         ...
program logic model
                                                                          kellog foundation 2004
     ...
process, not product
                                                     youthbuild lawren
                              ...
iterative curricular design
                                         youthbuild lawren
                                   ...
horizontal teaching
                                            youthbuild lawren
                                        ...
analytical framework
     values as inputs                      activities                     outcomes

                 ...
mit@lawrence
                                     • actio n-o riented scho larship
                                       ...
m@l story
• reflective practice exercise that aims to
  do cument and reflect o n the pro gressio n o f
  m@ l as a univer...
practicum 2009

                QuickTimeª and a                                    QuickTimeª and a                      ...
conclusions: what’s next?
• transfo rm voice
   – 1st vs. 3rd wo rlds mindse t
   – le sso ns fro m indige no us traditio ...
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Research Presentation for Cyberscholars

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Participatory Media for Youth and Community Development - Danielle Martin (MIT)
Using case studies from Bangalore, India and Lawrence, MA, Martin is exploring how more open and iterative methods (based on new media philosophy) catalyzed by outside facilitators can aid youth development programs in becoming more responsive and demonstrate genuine learning of participatory media skills, especially across cultural contexts. She is also involved in two other group research projects, embedded in the Lawrence community and MIT university-community partnership (MIT@Lawrence), one tied to creating a new kinds of media pieces to spark reflective discussion among students, practitioners, and community members; and the other to document historical narratives and new innovation in the re-development of a mill building into new green opportunities for affordable housing, economic development and community engagement.

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Research Presentation for Cyberscholars

  1. 1. participatory media for youth and community development QuickTimeª and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. mit@ lawre nce lawrence danielle martin bangalo re cyberscholars 01/28/09
  2. 2. abstract main ideas: • inte rse ctio n o f ne w me dia cre atio n to o ls and a bre e d o f facilitato rs who unde rstand the ir unique o rganizing capacity. • ne xt ste ps to transfo rm vo ice , the o ry and practice . thesis • case studie s invo lving e thno graphic actio n re se arch in Bangalo re , I ndia and Lawre nce , MA with “unse rve d” yo uth in alte rnative e ducatio n pro grams. • analytical frame wo rk = pro gram lo gic mo de l, manife sting thre e practical facilitatio n me tho ds mit@lawrence research • m@ l sto ry • info rmatio n, asse t building, and the immigrant city (dusp practicum 11.423) curricula facilitatio n_me tho ds “the o utsider” participato ry_media yo uth_de ve lo pme nt new_media_skills civic_engagement marginalized_po pulatio ns abstract | back | definitions | framework | analysis | m@l | next
  3. 3. context: two cities lawrence bangalore aka Òforgotten cityÓ indiaÕs new siliconalley v total po pulation 72,043 (2000) 4,301,326 (2001) 69,942 (2006) 5,180,533 (est 200 8) third most populous city in india population growth increase of 76.1 perc ent in the immigrant 4 million over last 30yearsÑ total number of population since 1990, which compared with migrants to bangalore doubl d duringthe 3 e a 7.5 percent increase in the native-born decades from about 6 lakhs during 197181- population (which includes children born to to 12.6 lakhs during 19912001 - immigrants) over he same periodÑ t immigration accounted for 42.9 perc ofent predictions: 31 villagers will continue to show the metro area's population increase up in an indian city every minut e over the next 43 years Ñ 700 million people in all. reasons fo r migration agricultural and manufacturing s jobs ector it jobs (mostly young males) but also an accompanying rural -to-urban influx for inf ormal / support sectors whoÕs a ÒnativeÓ? irish/ital vs latino (mike sullivanas mayor) ian kannada vs telugu, tamil and hindi literacy/education public high school dropout rate is 60% 74 percent literate (urban) housing for low income 25% live be low the poverty leve l 10% live in slums employment 60% of population over age of 16 in labor during 1971-2001, work participation rate of force bangalore ua increased (30 to 36) in formal economy Census of India, U.S Census Bureau, Federation for American Immigration Reform, NY Times, India Telegraph . abstract | back | definitions | framework | analysis | m@l | next
  4. 4. two programs drishya, banalore g youthbuild lawrence - personal growth, career development, and academ ic - addresses fundamental inequities advancement (GED) - school as set of spaces si multaneously i side of and outside n - leadership roles (AmeriCorps) of the co mmunity. - civic engagement and communityservice - knowledge and understandingcreated at many leve ls Ð physical, emotional, cognitiveand psychological, - asset building - regular ÒuschoolÓ programming and focused month long n ÒcampÓ activi ties 18-24 year olds 8-16 year olds 20-30 membe rs per year 50 members , over multipleyears Lunch,and AmeriCorps stipend provide d Food, uniforms and healthcare provided , QuickTimeª and a QuickTimeª and a YUV420 codec decompressor MPEG-4 Video decompressor are needed to see this picture. are needed to see this picture. abstract | back | definitions | framework | analysis | m@l | next
  5. 5. new media + “outsider” = opportunity the ro le o f the o utside facilitato r: • F ire » te ache r and le arne r in mutually transfo rmative pro ce ss » wo rking re with, no t for pe o ple • translato r, me diato r, ambassado r • what is kno wle dge ? Sillito e ’s kno wle dge co ntinuum (2002): OUTSIDERS OUTSIDER-INSIDER INSIDERS social scientists ethnographers natural scientists school educated local people problems: INTERDISCIPLINARY INTERCULTURAL INTERCOMMUNITY abstract | back | definitions | framework | analysis | m@l | next
  6. 6. framework : PDC whe re can ne w me dia to o ls and me tho ds be adapte d to e mpo we r participatory development communication processes? gary bessette 2006 abstract | back | definitions | framework | analysis | m@l | next
  7. 7. program logic model kellog foundation 2004 s t u p n i impact assumptions outcomes activities outputs s participato ry pro dusage activities & tools develo pment philo so phy pro cesses abstract | back | definitions | framework | analysis | m@l | next
  8. 8. process, not product youthbuild lawren ce drishya, banalore g facilitation methods s 1. focus o n process no t product multi prong awareness and engagement - software in kannada (bahara, ning, scratch) e s s e approach, both in-person and using various internet concept lessons using physical c c u s media tools Ðspecifically, commercial embedded exercises; photosto ry project as incremental as one of several tools (along with peti ion and t summarization; photomap) for organizing campaign s at initi issue decision stage, too focused on al too many tools attempted meant breadth but e i t i n campaign as a pr duct and didnÕt o brainstorm not depth of technology skills u t r o possible outcomes with youth p p o d e s s i m explaining co ncept o f messaging online constructing pho to map QuickTimeª and a QuickTimeª and a decompressor are needed to see this picture. decompressor are needed to see this picture. abstract | back | definitions | framework | analysis | m@l | next
  9. 9. iterative curricular design youthbuild lawren ce drishya, banalore g facilitation methods s 2. iterative curricular design periodic re-planningdiscussions curri ulum designed in Òreal c -timeÓ e s s e weekly journals; plush/deltas at end of each collaborative meetings both in and out of c c u s session; incorporated petition in neighborhood workshop time association cleanup when m ember takes photos to local radio use of ning social network to document story s station annou ncer and photos are mentioned at devel o pment and build internet skills,but lost e i t i n local to wn meeting, no re-design of campaign influence when didnÕt well into regular fit u t d r e o s and message distri ution strategy b instruction p s i p m o re-planning discussio ns ning so cial networking site do cuments process abstract | back | definitions | framework | analysis | m@l | next
  10. 10. horizontal teaching youthbuild lawren ce drishya, banalore g facilitation methods s 3. horizo ntal teaching sub-task leaders elected and video pro duction sessions led by local drishya faci litators (aide d e s s e led by members by experts and outside faciitator) and l c c u s students work in overlappingpairsand teams reflected in ning social network site facili tator assigned finalhand-off tasks, but didnÕt no youth involved w ith finaldrishya faci litator s e i t ensure real owner ship of project (not local staff scratch skills training and brainstorming for i n u t buy-in or accountability) future use of tools d r e o s p s i p m o youth led actio ns QuickTimeª and a decompressor are needed to see this picture. lo cal staff led &peer mento ring abstract | back | definitions | framework | analysis | m@l | next
  11. 11. analytical framework values as inputs activities outcomes facilitation methods PDC processes produsage 1. focus o n processnot creating know g : led e user-led content production collaborative engagement tapping indigenous knowledge product then choosing , unfinis artifacts hed sharing knowledge from a menu of media technology tools and lower- tec h solutions 2. iterative curri ular c bui ldin com un es: g m iti palimpsestic, iterative,and evolutionary devel pment o forging partnerships design , enabling transparency in decision making 3. horizontal te ching a en ling action: ab fluid roles heterarchical,permeable nurturingsense of (mento rship/train -the-trainer) comm unitystructures guardianship of the commo ns abstract | back | definitions | framework | analysis | m@l | next
  12. 12. mit@lawrence • actio n-o riented scho larship thro ugh university-co mmunity engagement fo r the purpo se o f co ntributing to an equitable and sustainable future in the City o f Lawrence • a self-sustaining netwo rk fo r recipro cal kno wledge transfer and inno vatio n • pro gram areas: – affo rdable ho using – co mmunity asse t-building – yo uth pathways to care e r and e ducatio n – gre e n building de ve lo pme nt and jo b cre atio n abstract | back | definitions | framework | analysis | m@l | next
  13. 13. m@l story • reflective practice exercise that aims to do cument and reflect o n the pro gressio n o f m@ l as a university co mmunity partnership QuickTimeª and a • multi-layered appro ach to capture the sto ry TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. – o ne -o n-o ne inte rvie ws – pane l discussio ns – stude nt re fle ctio ns • co nversatio n starter and discussio n space QuickTimeª and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. – sho rt vide o do cume ntary QuickTimeª and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. – inte ractive and multi-the me d time line – in-pe rso n summit o f M L stake ho lde rs and @ frie nds QuickTimeª and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. abstract | back | definitions | framework | analysis | m@l | next
  14. 14. practicum 2009 QuickTimeª and a QuickTimeª and a QuickTimeª and a QuickTimeª and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. are needed to see this picture. are needed to see this picture. are needed to see this picture. • Lawre nce Co mmunityW o rks (LCW ), a co mmunity de ve lo pme nt co rpo ratio n invigo rate d by 4 MT I alumna • Unio n Cro ssing (UC) pro je ct – an inno vative mixe d-use mill re de ve lo pme nt pro je ct that aims to be a co mple te ly quot;gre e nquot; building, bo th in de sign, building and imple me ntatio n as a co mmunity invo lve me nt ce nte r • histo rical quot;thre ads”: – e ne rgy and te chnical inno vatio n, mo st re ce ntly quot;gre e nquot; public and private -se cto r initiative s – o rganizing and mo bilizing pe o ple fo r change , fro m the Bre ad and R se s Strike o f 1912 to o LCW 's natio nally re no wne d quot;ne two rk o rganizingquot; mo de l • participato ry actio n-re se arch using I to de ve lo p spe cific strate gie s and pro to type s to inco rpo rate CT participato ry histo rical narrative s and o ral histo rie s bo th physically and virtually into the ne w space • inte rpre tive histo ry data gathe ring thro ugh yo uth-le d o ral histo ry inte rvie ws with facto ry e mplo ye e s, archite cts, re al e state de ve lo pe rs, and the mse lve s! abstract | back | definitions | framework | analysis | m@l | next
  15. 15. conclusions: what’s next? • transfo rm voice – 1st vs. 3rd wo rlds mindse t – le sso ns fro m indige no us traditio ns – lo cal o ral traditio n in ne w me dia le xico ns • transfo rm theory QuickTimeª and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. – te mpe r ide alism with re ality • transfo rm practice – le ve ls o f “ge nuine participatio n” – lo cal sustainability thro ugh ne w tactics and yo uth facilitatio n roger hart 1997 abstract | back | definitions | framework | analysis | m@l | next
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