The Human Senses For Grade III

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The Human Senses For Grade III

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The Human Senses For Grade III

  1. 1. Authors Merlina V. Avellana Lovelet S. Catuira Joner T. Donhito Module Consultant Fortunata S. Certifico Module adviser For-Ian V. Sandoval
  2. 2. A premier university in CALABARZON, offering academic programs and related services designed to respond to the requirements of the Philippines and the global economy, particularly, Asian countries.
  3. 3. The University shall primarily provide advanced education, professional, technological and vocational instruction in agriculture, fisheries, forestry, science, engineering, industrial technologies, teacher education, medicine, law, arts and sciences, information technology and other related fields. It shall also undertake research and extension services, and provide a progressive leadership in its areas of specialization.
  4. 4. In pursuit of college mission/vision the college of education is committed to develop the full potential of the individuals and equip them with knowledge, skills and attitudes in teacher education allied fields effectively responds to the increasing demands, challenge and opportunities of changing time for global competitiveness.
  5. 5. Produce graduates who can demonstrate and practice the professional and ethical requirements for the Bachelor of Elementary Education such as:
  6. 6. 1.Acquire basic and major trainings in Bachelor of Elementary Education focusing on General Education and Pre - School Education. 2.Produce mentors who are knowledgeable and skilled in teaching pre - school learners and elementary grades and with desirable values and attitudes or efficiency and effectiveness. 3.Conduct research and development in teacher education and other related fields. 4.Extend services and other related activities for the advancement of community life.
  7. 7. This Teacher’s Guide Module entitled “Human Senses for Grade Three” is part of the requirements in Educational Technology 2 under the revised curriculum for Bachelor in Elementary Education based on CHED Memorandum Order (CMO)-30, Series of 2004. Educational Technology 2 is a three (3)-unit course designed to introduce both traditional and innovative technologies to facilitate and foster meaningful and effective learning where students are expected to demonstrate a sound understanding of the nature, application and production of the various types of educational technologies.
  8. 8. The students are provided with guidance and assistance of selected faculty members of the College through the selection, production and utilization of appropriate technology tools in developing technology-based teacher support materials. Through the role and functions of computers especially the Internet, the student researchers and the advisers are able to design and develop various types of alternative delivery systems. These kind of activities offer a remarkable learning experience for the education students as future mentors especially in the preparation of instructional materials.
  9. 9. The output of the group’s effort may serve as an educational research of the institution in providing effective and quality education. The lessons and evaluations presented in this module may also function as a supplementary reference for elementary teachers and students.
  10. 10. FOR-IAN V. SANDOVAL Computer Instructor / Adviser Educational Technology 2 FORTUNATA S. CERTIFICO Module Consultant LYDIA R. CHAVEZ Dean College of Education
  11. 11. Welcome to our modular workbook. This is specially written for you. Now you have in your hands a book of fun, knowledge, and truth. Using this book you can develop your knowledge and understanding in familiarizing your sense organs. The lessons in this book will let you widen your understanding on what and how our sense organs work.
  12. 12. You will learn a lot not only on your senses but also on your surroundings like the things related to our human senses. Your senses will be exercise in each of the “do and learn “ located in the end of each lesson, the “do and learn “ will require you to taste, smell, feel, listen and watch on things that can be applied on. Enlightenment and enjoyment will be attaining if you read and use this module well. Widen and learn the true use and facts of your sense organs.
  13. 13. The authors wish to extend there unfeigned thankfulness to the person who made this workbook more meaningful and who contributed much in the fulfillment of this modular workbook. They are greatly indebted particularly to :
  14. 14. Prof. Lydia R. Chavez, Dean of College of Education for her inspiring advises and encouragement Dr. Corazon N. San Agustin, for preparing us with this modular workbook and for her guidance. Mr. For-Ian V. Sandoval, for his untiring support and encouragement to finish this modular workbook. Prof. Fortunata S. Certifico, for her remarkable suggestion for the fulfillment of this modular workbook. Her perseverance in extending her knowledge and countless contribution for the patience, valuable support, encouragement and constructive criticism.
  15. 15. To their families, Catuira family, Donhito family, Avellana family and Viterbo family for their financial and moral support. For inspiring the authors to go on their dreams and aspirations. And above all, to Almighty God for the blessing, guidance, wisdom, love and giving researchers everything for the realization of this modular workbook. THE AUTHORS
  16. 16. VMGOs FOREWORD PREFACE ACKNOWLEDGEMENT Part I EYES: The sense of sight Lesson 1 Parts of the eyes DO AND LEARN 1 DO AND LEARN 2 Lesson 2 Movement of the eyes DO AND LEARN 3 DO AND LEARN 4
  17. 17. Lesson 3 How the eyes work? DO AND LEARN 5 DO AND LEARN 6 Lesson 4 Common ailments of the eyes and eye defect DO AND LEARN 7 Lesson 5 Caring of the eyes DO AND LEARN 8 DO AND LEARN 9 Part II EARS: The sense of hearing Lesson 6 Parts of the ears DO AND LEARN 10 DO AND LEARN 11
  18. 18. Lesson 7 How the ears work? DO AND LEARN 12 Lesson 8 Common ear ailments DO AND LEARN 13 Lesson 9 Caring for the ears DO AND LEARN 14 Part III NOSE: The sense of smelling Lesson 10 Parts of the nose DO AND LEARN 15 Lesson 11 How the noses work? DO AND LEARN 16 Lesson 12 Caring for the nose DO AND LEARN 17
  19. 19. Part IV TONGUE: The sense of taste Lesson 13 Parts of the tongue DO AND LEARN 18 Lesson 14 How the tongues work? DO AND LEARN 19 Lesson 15 Caring for the ears DO AND LEARN 20 Part V SKIN: The sense of touch Lesson 16 Parts of the skin DO AND LEARN 21 Lesson 17 How the skin works? DO AND LEARN 22
  20. 20. Lesson18 Skin ailments and how to treat them DO AND LEARN 23 Lesson 19 Caring for your skin DO AND LEARN 24 TEST YOURSELF ABOUT THE AUTHORS MODULE CONSULTANTS MODULE ADVISER REFFERENCES
  21. 21. The eyes are organs of seeing. It is specially made to see the beauty of our surroundings. The sense of sight helps us recognize each other and learn about color, motion and distance. Objectives: After this part, the pupils will be able to: •Describe human eyes •appreciate the importance of the eye •draw and label the different parts of the eye
  22. 22. You have two eyes. Each of your eyes has the same parts
  23. 23. Eyes are the windows into mind through body. They have their role to play as the connection between the two. 1. Iris is the colored part of the eye: brown, green, blue, etc. It is a ring of muscle fibers located behind the cornea and in front of the lens. It contracts and expands opening and closing the pupil, in response to the brightness of surrounding light. Just as the aperture in a camera protects the film from over exposure, the iris of the eye helps protect the sensitive retina.
  24. 24. 2. Eyelids protect and lubricate our eyes. Small oil- producing glands line the inner edge of our eyelids. These oils mix with tears when we blink, keeping the eye moist and clean. 3. Pupil is the hole in the center of the iris that light passes through. The iris muscles control its size. 4. Sclera is the white, tough wall of the eye. It along with internal fluid pressure keeps the eye shape and protects its delicate internal parts.
  25. 25. 7. Cornea is a clear layer at the front-center of the eye that focuses light before lens does so. 8.The optic nerve carries electrical signals from your retina to your brain so you can see
  26. 26. Parts of the eyes
  27. 27. DO AND LEARN 1 1. Close your eyes. Do you see anything? Answer:______________________________ 2. Let your classmate identify the parts of your eyes, when it is close? Answer:______________________________ 3. Open your eyes. What do you see? Answer:______________________________
  28. 28. DO AND LEARN 2 1. Face the light; 2. Cover both of your eyes for one minute. 3. Then look into a mirror. Are the pupils of your eyes bigger or smaller? Answer:______________________________ 4. Now, turn away from the light. 5. Look at the mirror again. Are the pupils of your eyes bigger or smaller? Answer:_______________________________ Why do the pupils of the eyes become smaller or bigger? Answer:_______________________________
  29. 29. Use the words from the list below to label the following diagram of the eye in the lines provided. Word Bank Cornea - Iris – Lens-Optic Nerve - Pupil - Retina - Sclera
  30. 30. Below is a list of different parts of the eye. On the lines following each word, write out what that structure does for the neuron (its function) and where it is located on the neuron. Cornea:______________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____ Iris:__________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ ___ Lens:________________________________________ ________________________
  31. 31. Pupil:___________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ____________________ Retina:__________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ _____________________
  32. 32. Do you know how your eyes move? Let’s try some movements of the eyes
  33. 33. To look to the right, the muscles on the right side of the eye pull it to the right.
  34. 34. To look to the left, the muscles on the left side of the eye pull it to the left.
  35. 35. DO AND LEARN 3 Move your eyes to the right and then to the left. Can you move your eyes easily in different direction? Answer: ___________________________________ Where are the muscles that pull the eyes so they can look up? Answer:______________________________________ Where are the muscles that pull the eyes so they can look down? Answer:______________________________________ What do you think will happen if the eyes are not attached to muscles? Answer:______________________________________
  36. 36. DO AND LEARN 4 Note: The teacher must assist the student on doing this activity. 1.Look around and list down some objects that you see around you? Answer: ____________________________________ ___________________________________________ 2. Observe, and list down some uses of the eyes? Answer:_____________________________________ __________________________________________ 3. What is the importance of the eyes? Answer:_____________________________________
  37. 37. Do you know how your eyes work? Look at the diagram and imaging how your eyes work
  38. 38. When you look at a tree, the light that shine on your eyes. As light rays enter both of your eyes, the cornea and the lens bend them. The light rays cross and focus on the retina. The image is formed; the optic nerves send the message to your brain. In the brain the image is no longer upside down. The brain tells you that what you see is tree.
  39. 39. How the eyes work?
  40. 40. DO AND LEARN 5 Draw five things you see inside the classroom. Color them.
  41. 41. DO AND LEARN 6 Draw five things you see inside the classroom. Color them.
  42. 42. Do you know what are the common eye ailments and eye defect? Here are some:
  43. 43. Sore eyes are caused by an infection, your eyes become reddish and lights hurts your eyes some milky discharge comes out also. Sty is a tiny swelling on the eyelid. It cause of infection on lack of vitamins. Farsighted some children may see clearly things that are far away from them. But they cannot see clearly when the things that are near to them. Nearsighted other children may see clearly things that are near to them but they cannot see clearly the things that are far from them. Cross eyed the muscle of the eyes does not work together
  44. 44. A. Encircle the correct answer. 1. These is an eye defect that the child may see clearly things that are far away from them, but they cannot see clearly when the things that are near to them. What eye defect it is? a. nearsighted b. sore eyes c. sty 2. It is an eye defect that the muscle of the eyes does not work together? a. sty b. cross eyed c. sore eyes DO AND LEARN 7
  45. 45. 3. ___________are caused by an infection, your eyes become reddish and lights hurts your eyes some milky discharge comes out also. a. sore eyes b. farsighted c. sty 4. This is an eye defect that some children may see clearly things that are far away from them. But they cannot see clearly when the things that are near to them. What eye defect it is? a. nearsighted b. sty c. farsighted 5. ________is a tiny swelling on the eyelid. It cause of infection on lack of vitamins. a. sore eyes b. cross eye c. sty
  46. 46. Do you know how to care your eyes? Remember this.
  47. 47. Your eyes are the windows to your brain - Protect Them! Here are some safety tips for caring for your eyes DO’S Use good lighting to avoid tiring your eyes when reading, writing or cruising the Internet Tell your parents, school nurse or teachers if your eyes are bothering you. Wear proper eye protection when you are doing hazardous hobbies, chores or mixing chemicals.
  48. 48. Wear proper eye protection when you are playing sports such as racquetball and baseball. 5-14 yr. olds is baseball 15-24 yr. olds is basketball 25-64 yr. olds is racquet sports, such as racquetball and tennis. According to the National Society to Prevent Blindness, the leading cause of sports-related eye injuries in:
  49. 49. Wear sunglasses that block both ultraviolet- A and ultraviolet-B radiation from the sun. Learn basic first aid for your eyes in case an injury does occur. Wear a helmet when biking, skateboarding or roller skating and wear your seatbelt in the car.
  50. 50. It is also a good idea to get your eyes examined regularly. Your body has some "built-in" devices to protect your eyes such as: •Bony sockets: your eyes are located in bony sockets to protect them from getting hit. •Eyebrows: your eyebrows are used to keep the light out. •Eyelids: your eyelids can close to keep small objects out of your eyes. •Eyelashes: eyelashes also keep small objects out of your eyes. •Tears: tears keep your eyes moist and work to wash small objects out of your eyes.
  51. 51. DON’TS Walk; don't run, with sharp objects such as scissors, pens, pencils and rulers. Avoid guns, bow-and arrows, sling shots and firecrackers. Never look directly at the sun. Point chemical sprays away from your face BEFORE spraying.
  52. 52. DO AND LEARN 8 Procedures 1.Use magazine photos to make a display showing people wearing glasses. •Are there famous entertainers or politicians shown? •How does wearing glasses change how the person looks? •What eye care products do you find advertised in magazines? 2.List down some eye care tips. 3.Organize eye exams for your class. Ask the school nurse for her assistance
  53. 53. DO AND LEARN 9 (In this activity the teacher must assist your students) 1.Look around and list down some objects that you see around you? 2. Observe, and list down some uses of the eyes 3.What are our eyes for?
  54. 54. The ears are organs of hearing. It is specially made to receive sound waves that are sent out by vibrating objects and convert them into sensation we call sound. We hear different sounds. We hear sounds through our ears. We hear soft and loud sounds. We hear also pleasant and unpleasant sounds.
  55. 55. After this part, the pupils will be able to: •Describe human ears •Appreciate the importance of the ear •Draw and label the different parts of the ear
  56. 56. The three main parts of the ear are the outer ear, the middle ear and the inner ear. You have two ears. Each of your ears has the same parts
  57. 57. The picture below shows the parts of the ear. Observe these parts.
  58. 58. The three main parts of the ear are the outer ear, the middle ear and the inner ear. 1. Outer ear a. Pinna b. External auditory canal- line with wax and tiny hairs that keep dust from entering further into ear. It leads to the middle ear. 2. Middle ear a. Tympanic membrane ( eardrum ) b. Auditory ossciscles- the three tiny bones in the middle ear 1. malleus 2. incus 3. stapes
  59. 59. c. Middle ear cavity d. Eustachian tube 3. Inner ear a. Oval window b. Round window c. Cochlea- coiled tube which contain fluid d. Semicircular canal
  60. 60. DO AND LEARN 10 A. Draw the ear in the box and label each part.
  61. 61. Parts of the ear: •Cochlea •Eustachian tube •Outer ear •Eardrum •Inner ear •Semicircular canal •Middle ear
  62. 62. DO AND LEARN 11 Encircle the correct answer. 1.What do you call to the part of the ear that separate the outer ear the middle ear? a. thin membrane b. ear drum c. tiny bones 2. It is the part of the ear that contains fluid? a. cochlea b. outer ear c. inner ear
  63. 63. 3. It is a thin membrane the separate the outer ear from the middle ear? a. eardrum b. inner ear c. outer ear 4. What is inside the outer ear? a. cochlea b. canal c. Eustachian tube 5. It help the ear to keep dust from entering the body. a. wax b. semicircular canal c. tiny hair
  64. 64. Ears are shaped like seashells shaped. This is the best in picking up sound.
  65. 65. Sounds travel like waves. When sound waves enter the outer ear they passed through the canal and strike the eardrum. When the eardrum moves or vibrates, it moves the tiny bones nearest to it. This bone, in turn moves the second bone which in turn, moves the third bone. When this membrane vibrates, the fluid in cochlea moves. The nerve cells then send the message to the brain which tells you what you hear.
  66. 66. We hear soft and loud sounds. Too loud noise can hurt and damage our eardrum. Loud sounds can cause noise pollution. These objects and animals make loud sounds. Dog Goat Drum
  67. 67. Soft sounds are gently to with our ears. These objects and animals make soft sounds. Clock Bee Bird
  68. 68. DO AND LEARN 12 A. FIND OUT 1. Let your head rest on your desk. 2.Then close your eyes. 3. Keep quiet and listen to the sounds. What do you hear? 4. Describe what you hear. 5. Fill the chart below.
  69. 69. Sounds I hear Soft Loud 1.teacher’s voice 2. 3. 4. 5.
  70. 70. B. Draw things on appropriate box base on the sounds they produced and color it. Soft sounds Loud sounds
  71. 71. Did you know that ear ailments may cause much pain to our ears? Your ears can easily be injured with pointed objects and foreign bodies. When tiny insects and dirt enter the ear, they may cause much pain.
  72. 72. The common ailments of the ear are the following: 1. Ear discharge 2. Inflammation 3. Boils When the ear has infection due to colds, a milky discharge with bad smell may come out and you will have an earache.
  73. 73. DO AND LEARN 13 A. Name the three common ear ailments by supplying the missing letter/s to complete the word. 1.___ ar ___isc ___arg ___ 2. I _____fla _____ _____ ation 3. ____oi ____s B. Answer the following questions. 1.What are the things that can easily injure our ears? ______________________________________ ______________________________________
  74. 74. 2. What happen to our ear when tiny insects and dirt enter the ear? ______________________________________ ______________________________________ 3. What should you do to avoid infection with your ears? ______________________________________ ______________________________________
  75. 75. Your ears are important. There are many sounds you will not hear if your ears do not work well. Do you clean your ears? How? What do you use to clean your ears?
  76. 76. Follow the Do’s and Don’ts for caring of your ears. DO’S 1. Clean the outside part of the ear with soap and water. Wipe the inside of the ear with cotton or soft tissue. 2. Lower the volume of the radio when listening to music.
  77. 77. DON’T’S 1. Never use toothpicks to clean your ears. 2. Do not expose yourself to very loud noise. Do not let anybody shout into your ears.
  78. 78. 3. Try not to catch colds. Germs in the throat might go to ears and cause infections.
  79. 79. DO AND LEARN 14 A. How well do you take care of your nose? Put a check mark () under Yes or No. Questions Yes No 1.Do you lower the volume of the radio when listening to music? 2. Do you clean your ear with a clip?
  80. 80. 3. Do you like to expose yourself to very loud noise? 4. Do you use and water to clean the outside part of the ear? 5. Do you let anybody slap your ears?
  81. 81. The nose is organ of smell. Smell is one of the senses. We smell through our nose. Our nose helps us to describe what we smell. Some things smell good. Some smell bad or unpleasant. Others are odorless. Our nose helps us to enjoy the food we eat.
  82. 82. After this part, the pupils will be able to: •Describe human nose •Become aware of the importance of the nose •Draw and enumerate the parts of the nose
  83. 83. Touch the bridge of your nose. Do you feel something hard? The part that you feel is your nose bone. This nose bone divides the nose into two holes. The openings of the holes are the nostrils. Each hole is lined with hair and mucous membrane. These help trap dust and keep it from entering your body.
  84. 84. DO AND LEARN 15 A. Identification Identify the correct answer. You may get your answer on the box below. _____________________1. Which part of your body do you use for smelling? _____________________2. It is the something hard when you touch your nose. _____________________3. It is also divide the nose into two holes.
  85. 85. _____________________ 4. It help trap dust and keep it from entering the body. _____________________ 5. Serves as the opening of the holes. Hair Nose Nose bone Nostrils Mucous membrane
  86. 86. B. Draw the nose in the box below and label its parts.
  87. 87. Parts of the nose: •Hair •Nostrils •Nose bone •Mucous membrane
  88. 88. You breathe in air through your nose. You smell through your nose. The smell of things is in form of gas. It is carried in the air you breathe air.
  89. 89. When you smell fried chicken, for example, the gas that enters your nose activates the nerve cells in the lining of the nose. The nerve cells carry the message to the brain. The brain tells you that it is fried chicken you smell.
  90. 90. Our nose helps us describe what we smell. We smell the odor of things with our nose. Some things are smell good. They have a pleasant odor. Soap Sampaguita flower Bath soap and sampaguita flower have a pleasant odor.
  91. 91. Some things have unpleasant odor. They smell bad. Dirty canal Dead animals Dirty canal and dead animals have unpleasant odor. We cover our nose to avoid unpleasant odor.
  92. 92. Some things are odorless. They have no smell. Pad paper Water Water and pad paper are odorless. They have no smell.
  93. 93. DO AND LEARN 16 A.FIND OUT 1. Blind fold a classmate. 2. Let him smell different objects one at a time. 3. Ask him to describe the odor of each object. 4. Let him name the object he smells. 5. Use other objects. 6. Make a chart like the one below. 7. Put a check () on appropriate odor.
  94. 94. OBJECT PLEASANT ODOR UNPLEASA NT ODOR ODORLESS 1.perfume 2. dried fish 3. soy sauce 4. Water
  95. 95. 5. soap 6. vinegar 7. bread 8. shampoo 9. garbage 10.powder
  96. 96. B.The nose is used for smelling. Put a check () on those with pleasant odor; put a cross (x) on those with unpleasant odor and encircle the things that have no smell. _______perfume _______vinegar
  97. 97. ______trash can _______dirty canal ______water _______soap
  98. 98. ______camia flower _______comb ______rotten apples ______pad paper
  99. 99. ______dead animal ________pencil
  100. 100. C. You’ve smell variety of things and food; draw one for each respective odor. With pleasant odor
  101. 101. The nose is a very important sense organ. Your nose is a delicate organ. It should always be clean.
  102. 102. Follow the Do’s and Don’ts for caring of your nose. DO’S 1.Clean your nose with a clean handkerchief or a soft cloth. 2. Blow your nose gently when you have a cold.
  103. 103. 3. Consult a doctor when you have a problem with your nose. DON’T’S 1.Avoid putting dirty fingers or pointed objects into your nose. These might cause infection. 2. Avoid smelling unknown substance
  104. 104. 3. Avoid inhaling dust, smoke, and gases. They can irritate your nose. 4. Do not stay too close to people with colds. You may catch colds, too.
  105. 105. DO AND LEARN 17 A. How well do you take care of your nose? Put a check mark () under Yes or No. Questions Yes No 1. Do you always carry a clean handkerchief? 2. Do you clean your nose with a hair clip?
  106. 106. 3. Do you like to inhale smoke from cigarettes? 4. Do you stay close to people who have colds? 5. Do you consult a doctor when you have a problem with your nose?
  107. 107. B. Answer the following questions. It is not good to sneeze in front of others. What should you do when you sneeze? _________________________________________ _________________________________________
  108. 108. Do you blow your nose? What do you use to blow your nose? _________________________________________ __________________________________________
  109. 109. The soft, movable organ in the mouth is called tongue. The tongue is use for tasting. We cannot eat and taste food without our tongue. We will discover a lot of things about our little tongue and on the end of each lesson you’ll shall answer some interesting questions and do some fun activities.
  110. 110. In this chapter the students will be able to: • Learn the importance of the tongue. • Know the parts and functions of the tongue. • Draw/identify the different parts of the tongue.
  111. 111. Which part of the body/your body helps you describe the taste of an object? We taste with our tongue. The nose helps in telling the taste of an object. That is why we cannot eat well when we have cold.
  112. 112. Foods, beverages and other objects have different tastes. We cannot taste only four different flavors – salty, bitter, sweet and sour. We may taste combinations of all these. The taste buds are on the surface of your tongue. It helps you tell the taste of drinks, food, and other objects.
  113. 113. On the diagram it shows the parts of the tongue that indicates sweet, salty, sour and bitter, it also shows the “taste buds” that helps you to taste food, beverage, and other things.
  114. 114. A. Now identify which among the group doesn’t belong to the given taste, encircle it. 1. Sweet foods are: Candy oil chocolate
  115. 115. 2. Sour foods are: Cookies Green Mango Vinegar 3. Salty foods are: Fish sauce Jam Dried fish
  116. 116. B. In this exercise, put/label the (4) four tastes in the drawing below; by drawing some food, beverage or things that will represent the four (4) tastes.
  117. 117. Sweet Sour Salty Bitter A. In the table below draw (3) three examples of foods or drinks that you are familiar with each of the given column: Sweet Sour Salty Bitter
  118. 118. The tongue tells us the taste of the food, beverage and other objects. There are four (4) different flavors: they are salty, bitter, sweet, and sour. And by the use of the tongue we can tell or judge a food whether it taste good or not
  119. 119. -ampalaya is one of the kids unlike food because of its bitter taste. For example chocolate and cotton candy for sweets, “ampalaya” for bitter, vinegar for sour, and dried fish. Those flavors are what our tongue can taste “Ampalaya”
  120. 120. A.You’ve eaten variety of food, draw one example for each tastes. Salty Bitter SourSweet
  121. 121. B. Fill up the chart by answering what tastes you can give in the given food and beverage below: Choco- late Orange juice Chips Vinegar Dried fish Food/Beverage Taste Food/Beverage Taste Cookies Soy sauce Coffee drink Candy Calamansi juice
  122. 122. C. With our tongue we can taste four (4) different flavors, now can you give their differences: a. Sweet to Sour b. Salty to Bitter
  123. 123. The sense of taste is brought about by the substances in the food and drinks what you take in. There is a part of your face that is connected to the sense of taste. If it gets injured, your sense of taste will be affected. How can you take care of your tongue?
  124. 124. DO’S 1. Brush your tongue gently when you brush your teeth. 2. Avoid taking in foods that are too hot.
  125. 125. DON’T’S 1. Try not to get cold; you cannot taste the food well. 2. Tell your parents to take you to a doctor when you have a trouble with your tongue
  126. 126. a. For good eyesight. b. Well heard words. c. Prevention from injuries. d. To have good smell e. So we can taste better. f. To have soft skin. g. Keep the tongue and teeth clean from germs. h. To speak well i. To hear people j. To minimize/reduce the cause of bad breath. k. To keep silence. l. So maintain personal hygiene A.Encircle the letter for each reason why we need to clean our tongue.
  127. 127. B. Put a “T” if the sentence states true and “F” if the sentence is false. Write it on the box. 1. Avoiding foods that are too hot is needed and good for your tongue. 2. Consulting an expert can help you if you have problems/troubles with your tongue. 3. Not brushing of your tongue gently will help you clean your tongue. 5. Unclean tongue will lead you to problems. 4. When you have cold, you can taste the food very well. 6. Often brushing will help you get protected from bacteria.
  128. 128. C. Take a look at the pictures below, which of these things / foods may cause your tongue injuries / uncomfortness, put a check.
  129. 129. The skin in an organ that covers the whole body of a person or animal. It is also the largest among the organs. The skin is considered as the organ of touch of humans and animals. And like the other chapters, you’ll answer and do some exercises that will help you understand more the skin.
  130. 130. In this chapter the students will be able to: Know the parts and function of the skin. Learn the importance of the skin. Draw/identify the parts of the skin.
  131. 131. Below are the Parts of the Skin: Epidermis – the outside layer of the skin. Dermis – the inner layer of the skin. Sweat glands – produces sweat. Hair (follicles) – mostly covers the area of skin/present in the skin.
  132. 132. A. If you’re familiar with your skin, put a check on the box under, which picture has a skin?
  133. 133. B.Answer the following questions, encircle the correct answer. 1.The dermis is in what layer of the skin? a)Outer b) Inner 2. The sweat glands produce what? a) Produce sweat b) Produce blood
  134. 134. a) True b) False 4)The hair shaft and hair follicles both lies in the dermis. a) True b) False 5)The skin is composed of a) Epidermis, Dermis, Sweat gland, Hair follicles
  135. 135. C. Draw the skin then label it with the right skin parts. Draw it in the box given. “Parts of the Skin”
  136. 136. Now let us know how the skin works. How do you feel when the sun is shining brightly? When you touch an object, you describe it as smooth, rough, cold or hot. Which part of your body helps you tell whether an object is smooth or rough?
  137. 137. Examples: The skin will give you the answers, because of its sensitivity it helps you know what you are touching, how hot or cold it is, or whether you fell some pain or pressure. “smooth” “hard” “rough”
  138. 138. A. Put a check on the charts below to classify how it feels with the different things or objects. A. Object How it Feels Smooth Rough 1. Paper 2. Stone 3. Pencil 4. Sharpener 5. Cotton
  139. 139. B. Object How it Feels Smooth Rough 6. Chalk 7. Candle 8. Eraser 9. Glass 10. Wooden stick
  140. 140. B. Look at the pictures below, encircle which will make you cool. ”snowing” “raining” “cold kid”
  141. 141. C. Classify each picture, Tell if it’s hard or soft.
  142. 142. The skin protects you, now read this to know some ailments and treatments.
  143. 143. SOME SKIN AILMENTS: 1. Skin allergy can cause rashes, uncomfortness and itch. 2. Infection can cause serious complications if not treated with first aid or cleaned with water. HOW TO TREAT THEM: To avoid these slight illness/ailments, do not closer to a place full of small insects and unknown plants just to avoid skin allergy and infections. Avoid getting wound/s and for the infection/s tell your parents to bring you to the doctor if the wound made you feel uncomfortable.
  144. 144. 1.To avoid infection/s don’t clean the wound. 2. For caring of your skin put a lotion (sun screen/sun block) for sunlight protection. 3. To avoid skin allergy keep away from unknown plants and insects that will cause you itchiness/allergy. A. Put a smiling face  if the sentence is true/right and a sad face  if it is false/wrong on the space provided.
  145. 145. 4. Eat right foods and drink plenty of water to nourish your skin. 5. The doctor can’t help you clean/care the wounds/ailments. 6. Junk foods are helpful to our skin.
  146. 146. B. Which of the pictures can cause your skin some ailments? Encircle the picture. “Dirty clothes” “Water and Soap” “Insects” “Playground” “Dirty Place”
  147. 147. C. What can you do to protect your skin in your everyday life? Give at least (3) three examples and draw it in the circle.
  148. 148. The skin protects you from too much heat from the sun. it also protects you from germs. Can you imagine how you would look without a skin? How can you take care of your skin?
  149. 149. Follow some of the Do’s and Don’ts below, in caring for your skin: DO’S 1.Wash your skin with mild soap and water to remove the dirt. 2. Eat foods that are rich in Vitamins A, C and E.
  150. 150. DON’T’S 1. Avoid staying too long under the sun. 2. Avoid plants and tiny animals that cause skin allergy.
  151. 151. A. How will do you take care of your skin? Put a check () under Yes or No. QUESTION YES NO 1. Do you take a bath everyday? 2. Do you wear long clothes for sunlight protection? 3. Do you use dirty clothes?
  152. 152. QUESTION YES NO 4. Do you use cup/umbrella for sunlight protection? 5. So you play under the sun? 6. Do you use lotion or sun block to protect your skin from the sunlight? 7. Do you eat healthy foods?
  153. 153. B. Observe yourself, your brothers/sisters or your friend’s skin. Give 3 common ways in caring of your skin/their skin. 1._________________________________________ _________________________ 2._________________________________________ __________________________ 3._________________________________________ __________________________
  154. 154. C. Put a check in those pictures that will help you protect your skin.
  155. 155. Test Yourself Sensory Word Search Can you find all the words related to the senses? Print out this page, and then circle all the words that you see. The words can be up, down or backwards. Hey...for extra credit, see if you can identify the sense (hearing, smell, taste, vision, touch) that is connected to each word you find. Here is the puzzle.)
  156. 156. Address: Brgy. Macatad Siniloan, Laguna Birthday: February 16, 1984 Contact No.: 09074327296 E-mail Add.: merlina_avellana@yahoo.com EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND Elementary: Antonio Adricula Mem. Elem. School Sr. Secondary: Sisters of Mary School Tertiary: Laguna State Polytechnic University Course: Bachelor in Elementary Education Major: General Education
  157. 157. Address: Cemetery Rd. Sulib Pangil , Laguna Birthday: July 29,1990 Contact No. : 09286326267 E-mail Add.: donhito_jj@yahoo.com EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND Elementary: Pangil Central Elem. School Secondary: Balian National High School Tertiary: Laguna State Polytechnic University Course: Bachelor in Elementary Education Major: General Education
  158. 158. Address: Gen. Luna St. Siniloan, Laguna Birthday: June 29, 1986 Contact No.: 09093228001 E-mail Add.: lovelet_catuira@yahoo.com EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND Elementary: Angela Ong Javier Memorial Elem. School Secondary: Siniloan National High School Tertiary: Laguna State Polytechnic University Course: Bachelor in Elementary Education Major: General Education
  159. 159. Address: Siniloan, Laguna Birthday: October 24, 1956 Contact No.: 813-6245 EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND Elementary: SES Siniloan Elementary School Secondary: BNCAT Tertiary: Far Eastern University Course: Bachelor of Science in Chemistry Major: Chemistry
  160. 160. Address: Siniloan, Laguna Birthday: April 05, 1979 Contact No.: 09162217711 E-mail Add.: fvsandoval@yahoo.com EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND Elementary: Palasan Elementary School Secondary: Union College of Laguna Tertiary: Far Eastern University Course: Bachelor of Science in Mathematics (Computer Science) Bachelor of Secondary Education (Unit Earner) Masters’ Degree: Master of Arts in Education Major in Educational Management (with Units)
  161. 161. http://images.search.yahoo.com/search/images? p=dog&vc=&fr=yfp-t-501&toggle=1&cop=mss&ei=UTF http://images.search.yahoo.com/search/images;_ylt=A0 S020oAOmRJmDQBww6JzbkF?p=goat&fr=yfp-t http://images.search.yahoo.com/search/images;_ylt=A0 S020qqOmRJXM8ANaaJzbkF?p=drum&fr=yfp-t- 501&ei=utf-8&x=wrt&y=Search http://images.search.yahoo.com/search/images;_ylt=A0 S020qIO2RJnTQBLCCJzbkF?fr2=sg- gac&sado=1&p=clock%20clip%20art&fr=yfp-t- 501&ei=utf-8&x=wrt http://images.search.yahoo.com/search/images;_ylt=A0 S020y5O2RJwToBEdGJzbkF?p=+bird+clip+art&fr=yfp-t- 501&ei=utf-8&x=wrt&y=Search
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  169. 169. http://wwwdelivery.superstock.com/WI/223/1614/PreviewC http://school.discoveryeducation.com/clipart/images/copyp http://www.oldeducator.com/chalk.gif http://www.h4x3d.com/feat/themes/glass2.jpg http://www.cksinfo.com/clipart/household/furniture/tables/T http://aphs.worldnomads.com/catherine_and_james/3214/ http:// www.ovm.co.uk/shop/images/tam_stick_wood_bras.jpg http://maggieg.files.wordpress.com/2007/11/stockxpertcom
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