Extreme Googling: Tips & Tricks For Expert Searching


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  • Extreme Googling: Tips & Tricks For Expert Searching

    1. 1. Extreme Googling: Tips & Tricks for Expert Searching Martha E. Hardy November 24, 2008 [email_address]
    2. 2. Google for Research <ul><ul><li>Advanced Google Searching </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Google Scholar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Google Books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Google U. S. Government Search </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Objectives <ul><ul><li>You will learn to: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simplify your searching, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify main concepts, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Search broadly to maximize relevant results, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Target your search, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Revise your search strategy. </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Simplify Your Google Searching <ul><ul><li>Type in lower case. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Google ignores capitalization in most cases. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leave out punctuation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Some punctuation marks are actually search commands that alter search results. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No need to connect terms with AND. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Google always tries to find all search terms. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enter search terms in the singular forms. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Google should automatically search for all endings of words, both singular and plural. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Identify Main Concepts of Search Topic <ul><ul><li>Take a moment to define the information you need to find. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I need recent, credible information about outbreaks of avian flu. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Write down the two or more main aspects of your topic. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Avian flu </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Outbreaks </li></ul></ul></ul>
    6. 6. List Search Terms <ul><ul><li>Make a list of search terms, including synonyms and related terms, for each concept. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Avian Flu </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>avian flu, bird flu, avian influenza, bird influenza, H5N1 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Outbreaks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>outbreak, incidence, incident, case, statistic </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Tips for Searching Broadly <ul><ul><li>We will cover the following tips for searching broadly to search more comprehensively on your topic: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use OR to broaden search results, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Enclose each concept in parentheses, and </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use ~ to find similar words. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Use OR to Broaden Search <ul><ul><li>Connecting keywords with OR retrieves results using the search terms on either side of the OR. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Excellent strategy to retrieve results for synonyms or terms that are closely related in meaning. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brings together the results for both search terms into one big set. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use to search comprehensively on a topic. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OR must be capitalized. </li></ul></ul>
    9. 10. Enclose Each Concept in Parentheses <ul><ul><li>Use parentheses to enclose the search terms for each concept. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(avian OR bird OR H5N1) (flu OR influenza) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Google searches for the terms within the parentheses first before combining with terms outside the parentheses. </li></ul></ul>
    10. 11. Parentheses
    11. 12. Enclose Each Concept in Parentheses <ul><ul><li>Use multiple levels of parentheses for more complex searches. </li></ul></ul>
    12. 13. Use ~ to Find Similar Words <ul><ul><li>Use the tilde symbol ~ to find similar words. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Google tries to retrieve results that include words with similar meanings. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Put the tilde directly before the search term, with no intervening space. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>~avian </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Note: Since Google must cross-reference similar words, connecting keywords with OR is the most reliable method. </li></ul></ul>
    13. 14. Target Your Search <ul><ul><li>These tips will help you to target your search to retrieve the most relevant and useful search results: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use “ ” for phrase searching, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Search for a range of numbers, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Search for certain types of Web pages, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Exclude terms from the search, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Retrieve documents with particular filetypes, and </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Search for title words. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    14. 15. Use “ ” for Phrase Searching <ul><ul><li>Surrounding phrases with quotation marks keeps the words together in this exact order. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Particularly useful for names, concepts or titles involving multiple words. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Avian influenza A (H5N1) infection in humans” </li></ul></ul></ul>
    15. 16. Use * to Fill in the Blank <ul><ul><li>Use * to fill in the blank, if an intervening word is unknown. </li></ul></ul>
    16. 17. Search for a Range of Numbers <ul><ul><li>Google doesn’t provide a precise method for searching for dates of publication. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To search for a range of numbers, connect the numbers with .. </li></ul></ul>
    17. 19. Exclude Terms from Search <ul><ul><li>Put the - immediately before the search term to exclude it. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To find information about dolphins (the animal), but not football </li></ul></ul>
    18. 20. Web Domains <ul><ul><li>The domain at the end of a Web address indicates the type of organization or entity that published the Web page. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Commercial entity = .com </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Non-Profit Organization = .org </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Federal, state or local government = .gov </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Educational institution = .edu </li></ul></ul></ul>
    19. 21. Limit to Particular Domains <ul><ul><li>Limit the search to a particular type of Web site with command site: followed by the domain type. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sites published by government (.gov), educational (.edu) or non-profit organizations (.org) are generally good places to look for credible information. </li></ul></ul>
    20. 23. Exclude Certain Domains <ul><ul><li>Alternatively, exclude commercial sites using – immediately before the domain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-site:com </li></ul></ul>
    21. 25. Retrieve Documents with Certain Filetypes <ul><ul><li>To limit search results to a certain filetype, place the command filetype immediately before the file extension, with no space. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commonly used and useful file extensions: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>pdf: Portable Document Format, good for finding handouts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>xls: Excel, useful for finding data sets </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>jpg, gif, png, tif: Various filetypes for images </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ppt: To find PowerPoint presentations. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    22. 27. Search for Words in Titles <ul><ul><li>Use intitle: to require that the search term be in the title of the Web page. </li></ul></ul>
    23. 28. Revise Your Search <ul><ul><li>Different word orders retrieve different results. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Add additional search terms to your search strategy to receive fewer and more specific results </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Try the Advanced Search Screen to the right of the Google search box. </li></ul></ul>
    24. 30. Questions About Advanced Searching ?
    25. 31. Google Scholar <ul><ul><li>How to access Scholar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What it searches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What it doesn’t search </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using commands and query modifiers to search </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advanced search screen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cited reference searching </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advantages & Scope </li></ul></ul>
    26. 32. Accessing Google Scholar <ul><ul><li>Search Google for Google Scholar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://scholar.google.com/ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scholar Preferences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Add libraries for full text linking </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Metropolitan State University </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Refworks </li></ul></ul></ul>
    27. 33. What Scholar Searches <ul><ul><li>Searches a much smaller universe of information than regular Google. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Citations from scholarly journals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Conference proceedings </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reports </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Government publications and Web sites </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Books </li></ul></ul></ul>
    28. 34. What Scholar Doesn’t Search <ul><ul><li>Does not include: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All scholarly journals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Full text for all listed articles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Most of the citations and articles available via subscriptions purchased via libraries </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Google does not disclose exactly what is included in Scholar. </li></ul></ul>
    29. 35. Advanced Scholar Searching <ul><ul><li>Uses the same commands & modifiers as regular Google </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ ” for phrase searching </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>OR to broaden search to find related terms </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- to exclude words </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>intitle: to find a word in a document title </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Additional commands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>author: to find articles by author name </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advanced search screen </li></ul></ul>
    30. 37. Cited Reference Searching <ul><ul><li>One of the great strengths of Scholar. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If you find a great article on your topic, look to see what articles cite it. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Related articles also useful for finding articles on similar topics. </li></ul></ul>
    31. 38. <ul><ul><li>Cited reference searching - insert screen pritn </li></ul></ul>
    32. 39. When to Search Elsewhere? <ul><ul><li>When completeness is important </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When currency is important </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When it will be more efficient to search a database that specializes in your subject </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When you need the power and accuracy of searching with subject headings </li></ul></ul>
    33. 40. Google Scholar Questions ?
    34. 41. Google Books <ul><ul><li>http://books.google.com/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Same commands work here </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Additional options in Advanced Book Search </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Four types </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Full view </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Limited preview </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Snippet view </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No preview </li></ul></ul></ul>
    35. 42. <ul><ul><li>Screen print - advanced book search </li></ul></ul>
    36. 44. About This Book <ul><ul><li>Complete citation information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Table of contents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Places to buy the book </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Find this book in a library </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>www.worldcat.org </li></ul></ul></ul>
    37. 46. Google Books Questions ?
    38. 47. Google U. S. Government Search <ul><ul><li>www.google.com/ig/usgov </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Searches all federal, state and city Web sites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Searches selected .com & .org </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Great for finding government publications, many of which are published online only </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Useful for finding information about legislation, public policy, etc. </li></ul></ul>
    39. 49. Questions About Books & U. S. Government Search ?
    40. 50. Questions ? <ul><ul><li>Martha Hardy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Email: [email_address] .com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For supplementary information or to review this presentation, see: http: //extremegoogling . pbwiki .com/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thank you! </li></ul></ul>
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