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Ipe pp slides google talk 2013


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Slides from the Webinar presentation for the Institute for Paralegal Education entiteld: The Paralegal's Guide to Using Google for Legal Research. Given June 10, 2013

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Ipe pp slides google talk 2013

  1. 1. The Institute for Paralegal EducationWelcomes You toThe Paralegal’s Guide to UsingGoogle for Legal Research
  2. 2. The Paralegal’s Guide to Using Google forLegal Research• How to formulate an effective search: choosing keywords• How to use Google’s search features both basic and advanced• Finding cases and legal journal articles using Google ScholarMonday, June 10, 12:00pm Eastern TimePresented by Elizabeth Geesey Holmes
  3. 3. About Elizabeth Geesey HolmesInformation ProfessionalInternet Search SpecialistI help attorneys, paralegals, andlegal secretaries findauthoritative informationefficiently and cost effectivelyLibrarian
  4. 4. “The digital age’s mostmundane act, the Googlesearch, often represents layerupon layer of intrigue.”David Segal. “The Dirty Little Secrets of Search”.New York Times. February 12, 2011
  6. 6. How Keyword Searching Works• Looks everywhere for your search terms• Is “dumb” (unless we help it)
  7. 7. Choosing Search TermsFIRST• Reflect on your topic and focus on its mainpoints• Think of terms that describe those mainpoints• If you get stuck do some background reading
  8. 8. Choosing Search TermsTHEN• Think about Synonyms• Think about Broader and Narrower Terms• But make keywords as specific as possible• Try the obvious first• Use words likely to appear on the site with theinformation you want
  9. 9. Keyword Example• Topic: The impact of substance abuse on crimein the United States• Concepts: Impact, Substanceabuse, Crime, United States• Synonyms and Broader/Narrower Terms:Effect, Dependence on Illegal substance, Drugabuse, Alcohol abuse, Druguse, Drugs, U.S., US, America, Criminal, Crimerates, criminality, Misdemeanor, Felony, Offense
  10. 10. Search (colon is important)First hit for
  11. 11. Keywords and Google• Google is a very forgiving search engine• More keywords deliver fewer results• Be careful with Synonyms• Golden number of keywords to use in a Googlesearch = two or three• The order that keywords are entered in Googlewill affect the search results• Beware of homographs, especially in a onekeyword search
  12. 12. Search Results Based on Word OrderSearch: Rules of Court Search: Court Rules
  13. 13. Choosing Search TermsFINALLY• Try “throwing” all your keywords into aGoogle search and see what comes up.• These search results may give you clues toother keywords to include or eliminate fromyour next search• Then use Google specific search strategies andtips
  15. 15. Check Your Settings!
  16. 16. Basic Search Main PageClick on down arrowfor Account Settings
  17. 17. How to Change Your SettingsDo a Search FIRST!Click on gearto bring upsearch settings
  18. 18. Search Settings: Search Results
  19. 19. Search Settings: Search Results
  20. 20. Google Searchautomatically returnsresults in the languageyou choose for Googleproduct text. You canalso request results inother languages. If youdon’t select any otherlanguage you will onlyget results if the page isin EnglishSearch Settings: Languages
  21. 21. Search Settings: Location
  22. 22. My location is set to Providence, RIso my results are in that areaCheck & change location quickly by clickinghere BUT first click on Search tools to open upthis menu
  23. 23. Use Boolean Searching(and/or other search strategies)
  24. 24. Boolean LogicA system developed by mathematician GeorgeBoole during the 19th century that uses aseries of connectors to define relationshipsbetween objects
  25. 25. Boolean Connectors: AND• Google Default• All of the keywords are present– Search: probate law– Results: Both the term probate and the term law
  26. 26. Boolean Connectors: OR• One keyword or the other, or both keywordsare present– Search: probate OR trust law– Results: will all have the term law combined witheither the word trust or probateNOTE: You must capitalize OR otherwise Googlewill treat it as a stop word and ignore it
  27. 27. Boolean Connectors: NOT (-)• No results with this keyword are returned– Search: Ann Tyler –author -novel– Returns results with the keywords Anne, Ann andTyler, but without the keyword author, andwithout the word novel– Use this strategy to find results for your formerclassmate Ann Tyler, but not for the novelist AnneTyler
  28. 28. Word Stemming(and un-stemming)Searching forconstitutionalwill also find thewords:constitution andconstitutions
  29. 29. Limiting your search results to Verbatim1. Click onSearch Tools2. Click onAll Results3. Click onVerbatim
  30. 30. Proximity Searching:Asterisk (*)/ Wildcard• Search: Elizabeth * Holmes• Results: Include:– Elizabeth Geesey Holmes– Elizabeth G Holmes, BUT also– Elizabeth Spencer, Amy Holmes
  31. 31. Proximity Searching:Asterisk (*)/ Wildcard
  32. 32. Phrase Searching: “ “• Use for searching exact phrases or words• Use to stop Google from stemming• Enter your phrase or word in quotation marks– Search: Ed Braks– Results: Ed, Edward, Braks and Breaks– Search: Ed “Braks”– Results: Ed, Edward and Braks – NO Breaks
  33. 33. Some Punctuation and Symbols in SearchSymbol Example Search TermPlus sign + To search for blood type AB+ orprogramming language C++“At” sign @ To find social tags @googleAmpersand & For strongly connected ideas/phrases likeA&E or Brothers & SistersDollar sign $ To indicate prices so nikon $400 andnikon 400 give different resultsHashtag # To search for trending topics indicated byhashtags #lifewithoutgoogleDash - To distinguish between cross referenceand cross-referenceUnderscore _ Is not ignored when it connects twowords quick_sort
  34. 34. Navigate your search results
  35. 35. What if I just wantNews Articles?
  36. 36. Results limitedto NEWSVeryimportantbutton toclick
  37. 37. Note relatedsearch ideas
  38. 38. Links to AdvancedSearch & Search HelpAds related to thissearchOthersearchesrelated tothis search
  39. 39. When to Use Basic Search, andSome Other Tips & Tricks
  40. 40. Use Basic Search As…• Your starting point– Refine your keywords, narrow results, or useBoolean search operators to get more relevanthits
  41. 41. Use Basic Search As…• A tool to look up simple facts– Population Ecuador– President Poland– Capitol of Massachusetts
  42. 42. Search: capital of massachusetts
  43. 43. Use Basic Search As…• A calculator: 7 * 2 + 4
  44. 44. Use Basic Search As…• A dictionarySearch: define: res ipsa loquiturSearch: suggesstion
  45. 45. Use Basic Search As…• A weather forecasterSearch: weather 02806
  46. 46. When and how to use Google’sadvanced search
  47. 47. How to get to Advanced Search 2. Click onGEAR Icon3. ChooseAdvancedSearch2. Scroll to bottomof the page andclick on AdvancedSearchOR1. Do a Basic Search
  48. 48. Boolean search using the Basicsearch boxBoolean search using theAdvanced search pageAnnTyler “Ann” –author -novel
  49. 49. Click on these downarrows to bring upoptions and select one
  50. 50. Limiting Results to Specific File Formats• Enter your search words in the Boolean searchboxes at the top of the page• Scroll down to narrow your results by File Type• Choose the file type from the drop down box– Example: Limit search results to .ppt to findpresentations posted to the web by opposingexperts.
  51. 51. Limiting Results to a Specific Web Site• Search one site (like or limityour results to a domain like .edu, .org or .gov• The command to do this in basic search is site:
  52. 52. Enter your search termsLimit to a domain ordomain type
  53. 53. All Resultsare fromdomainsending
  54. 54. Who is Linking to Whom?• Use to determine possible business orpersonal relationships• Use to evaluate a Web site for the first time• To search for web pages that link to a URL, usethe "link:" operator– Search: link:– Results: pages that link to Cornell’s LegalInformation Institute Web site
  55. 55. A few more Hidden Features• Limiting results to where your search termsappear in the website– In the title of the page– In the text of the page– In the URL of the page– In links to the page• Limiting results by date updated
  56. 56. Advanced Search PageLimit by where terms appearis only on Advanced SearchPage
  57. 57. Two ways to limit by date updatedAdvanced Search Page
  58. 58. Search tools menu at top of search results pageClick onSearch Toolsto bring upthe menubelow
  59. 59. Why Use Advanced Search• Indispensable in refining your searches tobring the relevant results to the first pages• Fill in the box format means you don’t have toremember specific search commands
  61. 61. What is Google Scholar?• Specialized search that retrieves results from aseparate database• Includes: Articles, Theses, Books, Abstracts,Patents, and Court Opinions• From academic publishers, professionalsocieties, online repositories, universities andother scholarly web sites
  62. 62. How to get to Google Scholar• Go to: (• In Basic Google type in the search: scholar– Your first result will be for Google Scholar
  63. 63. Defaults to searchingArticles and Patents
  64. 64. Important SettingsChange from default Searcharticles to Search legal documentsMake sure Open results in a newwindow is checkedDon’t forget to Save
  65. 65. What legal research material can I find here?And where do they come from? Federal and State case law Legal journal articles Google’s own database Google also links to alternate sources for somecases, such as Cornell’s LII, Justia
  66. 66. Google Scholar Case CoverageU.S. State appellate andsupreme Court case opinions1950-presentU.S. Federal district, appellate,tax and bankruptcy court caseopinions1923-presentU.S. Supreme Court caseopinions1791-present
  67. 67. Roe v WadeClick on downarrow to openAdvance searchwindow
  68. 68. 100 F Supp 1Advanced Search WindowSearch byCitation
  69. 69. Search by Party Name
  70. 70. Search by Judges NameVogel
  71. 71. Limit to a particular State’scourts or by Time
  72. 72. ScholarlyArticle
  73. 73. Pros of Google Scholar for Legal Research• Hyperlinked case citations• Fast and accurate search results• Relevancy as good or better than commerciallegal research services• “How Cited” tab provides links to cases andscholarly documents that have cited your case• Set up Alerts• Send direct links to cases• It’s FREE
  74. 74. Cons of Google Scholar for Legal Research• Search results based on Google’s system forranking search results rather than actualimportance of case• Cannot easily tell if case is still good law.• No index tool• Statutes and Rules are not hyperlinked• Lacks some older cases
  75. 75. “Have fun and keep googling.”~Larry Page and Sergey Brin in a note on the new (1998)
  76. 76. Resources• Official Google Blog(• Google Search Help Center(• Google Scholar Help(• Nancy Backman’s Google Guide(• Google for Lawyer’s by Carole Levitt and Mark Rosch
  77. 77. Contact InformationElizabeth Geesey HolmesLibrarianPartridge Snow & Hahn LLPegh@psh.com
  78. 78. THANK YOUfor attending today’s Teleconference/WebcastPlease visit us online at for a complete listof upcoming learning opportunities or for more information.