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Recording

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Transcript

  • 1. F R O M G A R A G E T O C D Introduction to Digital Audio Recording Mike Edwards Will Cleland
  • 2. What We’ve Learned Thus Far…
    • Analog vs. Digital Audio
    • Cables and Microphones
    • Software and Hardware
    • Effects
  • 3. Today’s Topic M I X I N G
  • 4. About Mixing
    • You’ve recorded a band
    • Now you have a bunch of tracks, but they aren’t put together
    • You need to MIX them
    • Mixing is a subjective process
      • There is no right or wrong way to mix; different techniques yield different results
  • 5. Multi-track Editing
    • Non-linear
    • Piece together a song
    • Room to experiment
    • Increased flexibility
    • Increased creativity ?
  • 6. The Mixing Process
    • Build the mix
    • Review the tracks in isolation
    • Refine the mix
  • 7. Build the Mix
    • Import tracks and line them up
  • 8. Review Tracks in Isolation
    • Listen to the drums for panning , E.Q. , and any mistakes
      • Fix mistakes
      • Adjust E.Q. for frequency separation
      • Adjust panning for stereo separation
      • Add effects
  • 9. Review Tracks in Isolation
    • Listen to the bass for panning , E.Q. , and any mistakes
      • Fix mistakes
      • Adjust E.Q. for frequency separation
      • Add effects
  • 10. Review Tracks in Isolation
    • Listen to the rhythm guitars for panning , E.Q. , and any mistakes
      • Fix mistakes
      • Adjust E.Q.
      • Adjust panning
      • Add effects (compression, delay, reverb, etc.)
  • 11. Review Tracks in Isolation
    • Listen to the keyboard parts for panning , E.Q. , and any mistakes
      • Fix mistakes
      • Adjust E.Q.
      • Adjust panning
      • Add effects
  • 12. Review Tracks in Isolation
    • Listen to the lead vocals for E.Q. , and pitch
      • Fix mistakes and remove extra noises
      • Adjust E.Q.
      • Add effects
      • Add pitch correction if necessary (it usually is)
  • 13. Refine the Mix
    • No formula for this step
    • Listen and respond to the mix
      • Create an image of the song
    • Very subjective
      • Consider musical genre, personal taste, and audience
  • 14. level
    • The amount of signal strength; the amplitude, especially the average amplitude
    • Source: http://www.recordingeq.com/glossary/glosae.htm
  • 15. E.Q. (equalization)
    • Any time the amplitude of audio signals at specific set of frequencies are increased or decreased more than the signals at other audio frequencies
    • Source: http://www.recordingeq.com/glossary/glosae.htm
  • 16. panning (balance)
    • The relative level of two or more instruments in a mix, or the relative level of audio signals in the channels of a stereo recording
    • To make the relative levels of audio signals in the channels of a stereo recording even
    • Source: http://www.recordingeq.com/glossary/glosae.htm
  • 17. mix
    • To blend audio signals together into a composite signal
    • The signal made by blending individual signals together
    • Source: http://www.recordingeq.com/glossary/glosae.htm
  • 18. pitch correction
    • A software plugin that increases or decreases the pitch of an instrument according to a user setting
      • Typically, the user will define the key of a song, and the computer will automatically adjust a sour note to fit the key
    • Source: Will Cleland
  • 19. Now… Let’s Try It

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