Has anyone studied Aboriginal Art before? What can we learn about a culture by studying the art they create? (Way of life, History, Value, Beliefs)
The term Aborigines was given to the original people of Australia by the British, but they prefer to be called by their individual clan names.
Belief in safeguarding the land sometimes clashes with construction projects that would change the landscape (Uluru or Ayers Rock, bottom right, is the rock ancestors pushed up out of the Earth when they rose to create animals and landscape
Show students natural ocher from Georgia and pass around
What do you see in this rock painting? What else do you see? What do you think the overlapping of images means? Images hav e been painted in the earliest periods and repainted over and over even into modern times.
What do you see that makes you say that? Art is a very important part of religious life and maintaining tradition, still practiced. Gives them pride and is a way to make living.
What do you think the concentric circles represent?
Students will receive a handout of these symbols
Concentric circles can represent a water hole, campsite, fire, meeting place, stone
Use during Intro. Of Aboriginal Art (2 nd grade) What kinds of animals are depicted in these paintings? How are these paintings made? Which painting(s) are the strongest? Why?
Use during Intro. Of Aboriginal Art to 3 rd grade
Scarring creates raised pigmented patterns on the skin to mark age or becoming an important member in the community. Scarring is rarely practiced but body decoration remains an important part of their culture
Use during Intro of Aboriginal Art (4 th grade). Each one is drawn and painted differently. What do you notice about these faces? (exaggeration, close-up of face, bright colors) What kinds of line are in these faces? What kinds of colors are used?
Have running on 4 th grade painting days
In an effort to bring Australian peoples closer the Australian government had an Aborigine artist Michael Tjakamarra Nelson design this mosaic in front of the new parliament building
Who are theAborigines?•Aborigine means “native”•Original people of Australia•Traveled in canoes from SE Asia•Lived there at least 40,000 yearsas the only people•Developed unique beliefs aboutcreation•Survived as hunters and observers•Many died from disease or starvedwhen their land was taken fromthem by the Europeans in the 1770s
What is Aboriginal Art?•Last traditional art form to beappreciated•To understand Aboriginal Art we firstneed to learn about Dreamtime•Dreamtime refers to their beliefs ofhow the land and its people werecreated•Believed supernatural beings withmagical powers created the land’sfeatures, animals and plants duringdreamtime•Art is a way to stay in touch with theirancestry and be a part of the natural
•Passed down throughgenerations by word of mouth•Artworks depict deep meaningtold through dreamtime stories•Basis of value and beliefsystem, affects their interactionwith the land and animals•Land is sacred because itcontains their heritage, history,and powerful ancestors orspiritsDreamtime Stories
In Aboriginal cultureeveryone is an artistbecause everyoneparticipates in activitiessuch as dancing, singing,body decoration, sanddrawing and weavingbaskets.
•Unique subject matter and style•Known for their rock paintings,bark paintings, sand (or dotpaintings), and body decoration•Brushes made from bark, plantfibers, twigs, hair or feathers•Also used fingers or sticks to paint•Used natural ochers (minerals) orclay to make red, yellow, and whitepaint•Black was made from charcoalHow did Aboriginals create art?
AboriginalRock Art•Longestcontinuouslypracticed artistictradition in theworld.•Ubirr, located inNorth Australia,has veryimpressive rockpaintings.
"One old man in Arnhem Landremembered being carried asa child on his fathersshoulders as his fatherclimbed up a log leaningagainst a rock wall. His fatherthen sprayed his hand withred ochre against the rock,leaving a stencil he could stillrecognize many years later.The main function of thestencils was to record peoplespresence and association witha site."
How are these two paintings similar?How are they different?
Bark Painting•Tradition for thousands of years•Bark is cut into a rectangle, after thewet season, when it’s soft•Placed on warm coals, pressed flatwith weights and sticks tied to bothends with string•Painted with natural pigments mixedwith a natural fixative: sticky gum fromtrees•Style is similar to rock paintings andillustrates stories•Painted on bark for ceremonies,burials, and everyday objects such asbaskets and belts
•Traditional dot paintingswere made in sand•Contemporary dotpaintings are on canvaswith acrylic paint•Depict a story usingAboriginal symbols•When you understand thesymbols it gives a wholenew meaning to a dotpaintingDot Painting
•Aboriginals usedsymbols torepresent naturalsurroundings.•They are shownas tracks left inthe ground andlook like they areseen from aplane.•Represent recenttracks left byanimals or tracksmade in the pastby ancestors.Thunder &Lightening
Kangarootracks & tailGoanna (lizard)dragging tail,footprints on sideEmuFrogs (black)Water holes(blue)FootprintsSnakes Men HuntingWomen’sCeremony
2ndGrade Objectives:•Learn how dreamtime beliefs and theAustralian landscape inspired the creation ofAboriginal artwork.•Create an interesting way to use your spacethrough size, placement, overlapping, use ofa border or background.•Illustrate movement using the technique ofAboriginal dot painting.•Discuss the purpose of art in Aboriginalculture.
•Developed around 2000 B.C.•Found in shallow caves or rock shelters particularly inWestern and Northern Australia•Simple exterior animal shapes that depict internalorgans, bone structure (ribs, back bone), or babyanimal inside•Created by painting the animal’s silhouette in whiteand using red or yellow for the insideX-Ray Style Painting•Contemporary artistscontinue to paint in X-Raytradition
3rdGrade Objectives:•Draw an Aboriginal animal ofyour choice in the X-Ray styleusing anatomy resources.•Vary the value (lightness anddarkness) of at least one colorwhen you paint your X-Raydrawing.•Create an area of emphasis(center or focus) in yourartwork using size, color, andline.•Associate which artworksfrom the Aboriginal culturewere done in the X-Ray style.
Body Decoration•Traditional practice for ceremonies•Includes scarring, smeared clay orochres on face, wearing ornamentsand headdress•Deep spiritual significance•Geometric designs•Use respected patterns of anancestor to take on their livingappearance•Designs may also reflect their rolein the family or important role intheir community
Student Objectives for 4thGrade:Student Examples:•Produce an exaggerated close-up portrait of yourself inspiredby the tradition of body painting.•Discuss how Aboriginal art reflects the relationship betweenartists and their beliefs and values.•Analyze how Aboriginal art serves a function (or purpose) intheir culture.
Today’s Objectives:Student Examples:•Dip and dot for rich color•Dot over the entire work, space dots clear and consistent•Paint black areas for the eye to rest•Each line or shape should have only one color, unless it’s apattern•Try to keep colors balanced and expressive
•What medium isthis an example of?•What symbol doyou see? What doyou think itrepresents?•How is this artworkrelated to thebuilding behind it?
Resources:•Carol, Finley. Aboriginal Art of Australia. Lerner Publications Company,Minneapolis: 1999.•Petersen, David. Australia. Children’s Press, New York: 1998.•http://188.8.131.52/lessons/envs/live/htdocs/lesson107.htm•http://www.bardaglea.org.uk/aboriginal/index.html•http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/xray/hd_xray.htm•http://www.astonmanor.bham.sch.uk/learningzone/art/movements/aboriginal/aboriginalart.htm•http://goaustralia.about.com/library/graphics/tjapukai1.jpg•http://www.aboriginalartonline.com/art/body.php•http://www.bvdrangs.com/dreamtime.html•http://www.aboriginal-art.com/desert_art_toc.html•http://www.dickblick.com/multicultural/aboriginal/•http://people.hws.edu/mitchell/oz/Carnarvon96.html#Art•www.lclark.edu