POP ARTSTEVEN MURPHY, MEGHAN BARRY, RUPALI CHOPRA
• The Pop Art movement was created by the “Independent Group” in London, during 1952. • The Independent Group was a group of artists from the Institute of Contemporary Art. • The movement lasted until the early 1970’s, when the Modernist art movement came to an end.
INFLUENCES ON POP ART• “The Sixties” • Social Revolution with Counterculture • Music • Communism • Television• Dadaism- Pop Art is similar to Dadaism in the sense that it uses everyday objects and presents them as art.• Fauvism
INFLUENCES ON POP ART (CONT.)• It was a reaction to Abstract Expressionism.• American Pop Artists, Jasper Johns and Robert Rauschenberg were the frontrunners, and credited for the transition between Abstract Expressionism and Pop Art.
OVERALL CHARACTERISTICS• Absorbs consumerism and focuses on everyday objects, and/or people.• Lots of cultural references, to Britain, as well as the USA.• Reproduced, Duplicated, Combined, and Mass Produced. • TV, Magazines, Newspapers, and Hollywood.
OVERALL CHARACTERSITICS (CONT.)• Optimistic • Bright Colors• Pop Art was the art of popular culture.• “Pop” was first used by British art critic Lawrence Alloway.• Alloway, along with Richard Hamilton and Eduardo Paolozzi were the founding members of the “Independent Group.”
RICHARD HAMILTON (1922-2011)• English painter.• Member of the Independent Group in London.• Arranged his art in a loose way, like a collage.• Generally “busy” paintings, but also has some “bare” paintings.• Basic color schemes, kind of based off Abstract Expressionism with representational colors.
WHAT IS IT THAT MAKES TODAY’S HOMES SO DIFFERENT, SO APPEALING? RICHARD HAMILTON, 1956
ROY LICHTENSTEIN (1923-1997)• Was influenced by comic books and popular advertising.• Heavily influenced by Dadaism.• Also used basic color schemes, but used a lot of detail.• Taught art at Rutgers University.
QUOTE FROM LICHTENSTEIN• “I don’t think that Pop (art) would have existed without Dada have existing before it, but I don’t really think that Pop (art) is Dada. I don’t think that I look on my work as being anti-art or anything that’s different from the mainstream of painting since the Renaissance.”
ROBERT RAUSCHENBERG (1925-2008)• An American Pop Artist• Worked on a wide range of “art.”• Painter, Sculptor, Photographer, Printmaker.• Most well known for his “combines” in paintings and sculptures.• “Painting is more like the real world if it’s made out of the real world.”
ANDY WARHOL (1928-1987)• The most well known Pop Artist, an American.• Worked in an extremely wide range of art.• His work was controversial, and explored relationships between celebrities, artistic expression, and advertisement.• He was openly gay before the Gay Liberation Movement.
QUOTE FROM WARHOL• “What’s great about this country is that America started the tradition where the richest consumers buy essentially the same things as the poorest. You can be watching TV and see Coca Cola, and you know that the President drinks Coca Cola, Liz Taylor drinks Coca Cola, and just think, you can drink Coca Cola, too. A coke is a coke and no amount of money can get you a better coke than the one bum on the corner is drinking. All the cokes are the same and all the cokes are good. Liz Taylor knows it, the President knows it, the bum knows it, and you know it.”
CLAES OLDENBURG (1929-PRESENT)• A Swedish-American sculptor.• He was most well-known for his public installations of everyday objects.• His work was controversial and disliked by many people at first, much like Duchamp.• “I like to take a subject and deprive it of its function completely.”
LIPSTICK ON CATERPILLAR TRACKS CLAES OLDENBURG, 1969
JASPER JOHNS (1930-PRESENT)• An American Pop Artist who primarily painted and used printmaking.• Influenced by Fauvism.• Became “long term lovers” with Robert Raushenberg.• Together, they did a couple pieces, that relied on conventional symbols in their art.