The History• Artists have always created both drawings and paintings of animals.• Animals have been used in art since the Stone Ages and still are in modern day societies.
Stone Ages• During the Stone Ages, caves were decorated with the animals that Stone Age men hunted for food.
Ancient Egypt• Ancient Egyptian artists used animal heads as representation of their gods.
Symbolism• Examples of tribal art from every continent combine animal and human features as a symbol of the bond between man and his natural environment.
Middle Ages• Animals were also used in the Middle Ages as mythical beasts.• They were also used as decoration of manuscripts.
17th and 18th Century• In the 17th century, hunting scenes illustrating dramatic life and death struggles between man and beast were popular.• In the 18th century, artists celebrated the natural beauty and majestic power of animals in their natural habitats.
19th and 20th Century• In the 19th century, Victorian artists painted meaningful images of their livestock and domestic pets.• 20th century artists explored ranges of animal genres and invented a few more of their own.
Albrecht Durrer 1471-1528• His father taught him how to draw.• Saw animals as though they were worthy of attention.• One of the greatest renaissance artists.• Famous for his graphics, printmaking and illustration work.• Signed his work with interesting monograms.
George Stubbs 1724-1806• Greatest painter of horses.• Equestrian art- ‘Sporting Art’.• Tended to be overlooked. – Hunting, shooting and racing.• Set against traditional views of the English country side. – Carefully incorporated into the landscape.• Tones.
Franz Marc 1880-1916• Expressionist painter who formed ‘Der Blaue Reiter’ group. – Artistic movement who were searching for spiritual truth through their art.• He believed colour had a vocabulary of emotional keys that we instinctively understand. – Much like the way music is understood.• His choice of subject and colour raised his art to a higher ‘spiritual’ place.
Pablo Picasso 1881-1973• Picasso visually disects the image of a bull to discover its essential presence through a progressive analysis of its form.• Lithographic Ink.• Uses the bull as a metaphor throughout his artwork. – Refuses to pinned down as to its meaning.• Makes different ‘plates’ as development of his work.