TRANSACTIONAL ANALYSIS From:- Mihir Pandya Section A Roll No:- 509025 Eric Berne
What is Transactional Analysis ? A theory of personality as well as a systematicpsychotherapy for personal growth and personal change. Among psychological approaches, it is outstanding in the depth of its theory and the wide variety of its applications. It is finding wide application in organizations and education.
A Transaction A TRANSACTION is an exchange of two strokes between two people. The first stroke is called the stimulus, the second is called the response. Sometimes transactions get 'crossed', or are 'ulterior', causing misunderstandings to occur, and communication to break down.
Contracts Transactional Analysis is based upon mutual contracting for change. Transactional Analysts view people as capable of deciding what they want for their lives.
Transactional Analysis It Basically Depends on 3 Ego States Parent Adult Child
Ego States Basic Needs Life Positions I’m Not OK, You’re Not OK I’m OK, You’re not OK I’m OK You’re OK I‘m Not OK, You’re OK Traditional PARENT Love, Care Regulating Normative Indifferent Prescriptive Over Indulgent Power Rescuing Supportive Ingratiating Nurturing ADULT Rationality Cynical Task Obsessive Problem Solving Over- whelming Adaptive CHILD Approval, Safety Sulking Resilient Dependent Complaining Reactive Intropunitive Aggression Withdrawn Aggressive Confronting Satirical Bohemian Innovative Creative Creativity Humorous
Aim of Transactional Analysis Psychotherapy To help a person to choose to be in a particular inner state, instead of just allowing the current ego-state to dominate feelings, attitudes and behavior. Changing the Life Script Replacing organizational or societal scripting with cooperative non-violent behavior is the aim of other applications of Transactional Analysis.
"I'm OK - You're OK”
"I'm OK - You're OK" This is probably the best-known expression of thepurpose of Transactional Analysis, which is To establish and reinforce the position that recognizes the value and worth of every person. Transactional Analysts regard people asbasically "OK" and thus capable of change, growth, and healthy interactions.