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  1. 1. TRANSACTIONAL <br />ANALYSIS<br />From:- <br />Mihir Pandya<br />Section A<br />Roll No:- 509025<br />Eric Berne <br />
  2. 2. What is Transactional Analysis ?<br />A theory of personality as well as a systematicpsychotherapy for personal growth and personal change. <br /> Among psychological approaches, it is outstanding in the depth of its theory and the wide variety of its applications.<br />It is finding wide application in organizations and education. <br />
  3. 3. A Transaction<br />A TRANSACTION is an exchange of two strokes between two people. The first stroke is called the stimulus, the second is called the response.<br />Sometimes transactions get 'crossed', or are 'ulterior', causing misunderstandings to occur, and communication to break down.<br />
  4. 4. Contracts<br />Transactional Analysis is based upon mutual contracting for change. <br />Transactional Analysts view people as capable of deciding what they want for their lives.<br />
  5. 5. Transactional Analysis <br />It Basically Depends on 3 Ego States<br />Parent<br />Adult<br />Child<br />
  6. 6. Ego States<br />Basic Needs<br />Life Positions<br />I’m Not OK,<br />You’re Not <br />OK<br />I’m OK,<br /> You’re not<br /> OK<br />I’m OK<br /> You’re OK<br />I‘m Not <br />OK,<br />You’re OK<br />Traditional<br />PARENT<br />Love, <br />Care<br />Regulating<br />Normative<br />Indifferent<br />Prescriptive<br />Over<br /> Indulgent<br />Power<br />Rescuing<br />Supportive<br />Ingratiating<br />Nurturing<br />ADULT<br />Rationality<br />Cynical<br />Task <br />Obsessive<br />Problem <br />Solving<br />Over-<br />whelming<br /> Adaptive<br />CHILD<br />Approval, <br />Safety<br />Sulking<br />Resilient<br />Dependent<br />Complaining<br /> Reactive<br />Intropunitive<br />Aggression<br />Withdrawn<br />Aggressive<br />Confronting<br />Satirical<br />Bohemian<br />Innovative<br />Creative<br />Creativity<br />Humorous<br />
  7. 7. Typical Behaviors<br />Advising<br />Criticizing<br />Ordering<br />Telling<br />Fault Finding<br />Moralizing<br />Scolding<br />Nurturing<br />Caring<br />Loving<br />Fact Finding<br />Questioning<br />Analyzing<br />Problem Solving<br />Helping<br />Cooperating<br />Planning<br />Coordinating<br />Scheduling<br />Thinking<br />Laughing<br />Crying<br />Sulking<br />Being Frightened<br />Playing<br />Enjoying<br />Dancing<br />Curiosity<br />Obeying<br />Dependent<br />ADULT<br />PARENT<br />CHILD<br />
  8. 8. Aim of Transactional Analysis Psychotherapy<br />To help a person to choose to be in a particular inner state, instead of just allowing the current ego-state to dominate feelings, attitudes and behavior.<br />Changing the Life Script <br />Replacing organizational or societal scripting with cooperative non-violent behavior is the aim of other applications of Transactional Analysis.<br />
  9. 9. "I'm OK - You're OK”<br />
  10. 10. "I'm OK - You're OK"<br />This is probably the best-known expression of thepurpose of Transactional Analysis, which is <br />To establish and reinforce the position that recognizes the value and worth of every person. <br />Transactional Analysts regard people asbasically "OK" and thus capable of change, growth, and healthy interactions.<br />