LERU roadmap towards open access

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LERU roadmap towards open access

  1. 1. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES Dr Paul Ayris Director of UCL Library Services and UCL Copyright Officer President of LIBER (Association of European Research Libraries) e-mail: p.ayris@ucl.ac.uk
  2. 2. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES Contents 1. Introduction to the LERU Roadmap 2. Benefits of Open Access 3. LERU Open Access Roadmap 4. Documentation to support the Roadmap 5. E-Press interests 6. Conclusions
  3. 3. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES Contents 1. Introduction to the LERU Roadmap 2. Benefits of Open Access 3. LERU Open Access Roadmap 4. Documentation to support the Roadmap 5. E-Press Interests 6. Conclusions
  4. 4. UCL LIBRARY SERVICESThe Mappa Mundi ... it is without 1. Introductionparallel the most important andmost celebrated medieval map inany form, the most remarkableillustrated English manuscript ofany kind, and certainly the greatestextant thirteenth-century pictorialmanuscript.‘Christopher de Hamel
  5. 5. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES Contents 1. Introduction to the LERU Roadmap 2. Benefits of Open Access 3. LERU Open Access Roadmap 4. Documentation to support the Roadmap 5. E-Press Interests 6. Conclusions
  6. 6. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES 2. Benefits of Open Access  Open Access Benefits  Institutional  Provides a front-end to the whole of a University’s research output  Supports marketing for a University’s offering across the globe  Personal  Citation advantage for those who disseminate in Open Access  Society  Enables new communities outside Higher Education to view blue- skies research, e.g. Small/Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs)  Political  Decision and Policy Makers will have full access to University’s research
  7. 7. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES UCL Ph.D Theses
  8. 8. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES DART-Europe E-Theses portal for Open Access  Portal for discovery of European research theses in Open Access  Run by UCL (University College London) for LIBER  At http://www.dart-europe.eu  208,423 research theses available (12 June 2011)  from 338 European Universities  in 19 European countries
  9. 9. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES Open Access to research theses Theses freely available in Open Access are more heavily used than paper equivalents Example: Dublin City University, 2009 518 consultations of paper theses 16,212 downloads for the equivalent digital theses See: Hill, R. and Moyle, M. (2010) http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/19955
  10. 10. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES Contents 1. Introduction to the LERU Roadmap 2. Benefits of Open Access 3. LERU Open Access Roadmap 4. Documentation to support the Roadmap 5. E-Press Interests 6. Conclusions
  11. 11. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES 3. LERU Open Access Roadmap  Top-level findings  Open Access can be viewed in the wider context of Open Scholarship and Open Knowledge  Each LERU University could consider appointing a senior Officer to act as Open Access champion  Some LERU Universities are interested in collaborations over Open Access publishing, particularly for Open Access monograph publishing in the Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences
  12. 12. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES LERU Open Access Roadmap  Roadmap highlights current LERU practices UCL (University College London) Open Access mandate Publications fund in the University of Barcelona Award-winning strategy for Open Access in the University of Zürich  Roadmap available via http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/1310639/ http://www.leru.org/index.php/public/publications/
  13. 13. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES Green route  Institutional repositories provide a basis for Open Access approaches (para. 20)  Costs vary from €30,000 - €242,000 per year in the UK (para. 22)  Communications Strategy needed to support advocacy (para. 23)  Universities need to be clear about what type of material is being deposited (para. 25)
  14. 14. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES Green route  University of Helsinki requires authors to deposit copies of their research articles published in academic journals in HELDA – the institutional repository (para. 25)  Open Access Strategy should be embedded in pan- University Strategies (para. 30)  Research  Copyright  Teaching & Learning
  15. 15. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES Green route  LERU Universities can consider adopting Open Access mandates at an institutional level (paras 32-34)  Authors should not assign their copyright to publishers  Better model is for authors to grant non-exclusive rights to an author to publish (para. 35)  Research data, once made available in Open Access, opens up opportunities for re-use and collaboration (para. 36)
  16. 16. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES Green route  There is a gap in the current European infrastructure for long-term secure digital preservation  Certainly as concerns Open Access repositories and Open Access journals  LERU, research funders and other stakeholders can work together to identify what infrastructure is needed and who should provide it (para. 38)
  17. 17. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES Gold route  Changes are taking place in scholarly publishing across the world and LERU institutions are not exempt (para. 40)  Sustainable Business Models for Gold Open Access publishing need to be developed (para. 42)  Two models currently exist  Full Open Access journals  Hybrid Journals, which allow Author-Pays charges Problem of ‘double dipping’ should be addressed (paras 43-4)
  18. 18. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES Gold route  LERU, perhaps with others, could investigate reductions in Author Payment charges with publishers and membership fees with Open Access publishers (para. 46)  Changes to existing publishing models will incur transition costs  LERU and/or other Universities can work with other stakeholders to leverage funding (para. 48)  LERU institutions can work with Open Access monograph publishers  Particularly where the languages are other than English (para. 49)
  19. 19. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES Gold route  There is a need for a cross-institutional study to identify University commitments to the current publishing models  Authorships  Peer reviewing  Membership of Editorial Boards  Resulting study would act as a baseline for future developments into the Open Access arena (para. 51)
  20. 20. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES Contents 1. Introduction to the LERU Roadmap 2. Benefits of Open Access 3. LERU Open Access Roadmap 4. Documentation to support the Roadmap 5. E-Press Interests 6. Conclusions
  21. 21. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES 4. Documentation to support the Roadmap  At a policy and academic levels  EOS (Enabling Open Scholarship) Materials on Open Access available  Materials available regionally/nationally  JISC has advocacy materials which can be re-used  European Workshops to skill key Open Access staff  OAI Workshops in Geneva OAI7 in Geneva 22-24 June 2011
  22. 22. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES Enabling Open Scholarship
  23. 23. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES
  24. 24. UCL LIBRARY SERVICESOAI Workshops atthe Universityof Geneva
  25. 25. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES Contents 1. Introduction to the LERU Roadmap 2. Benefits of Open Access 3. LERU Open Access Roadmap 4. Documentation to support the Roadmap 5. E-Press Interests 6. Conclusions
  26. 26. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES E-Press Interests  LERU held a meeting on E-Press initiatives at Oxford University Press in April 2011  LERU members reported on current activities  Cambridge University Press found that take-up of Open Access options was currently low  Utrecht currently publishes 18 Open Access journals and is interested in collaborating in publishing activities  Edinburgh University Press feels that the main asset a University Press has is its brand; the main challenge is a decline in the market
  27. 27. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES Issues from the Oxford meeting LERU community of Chief Librarians will develop a plan of work, based on Roadmap and ongoing discussions  Smaller University Presses were interested in collaboration  LERU members would be invited to meet to discuss collaborations over the Green route  Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences might represent fruitful areas for collaboration  Especially in monograph publishing
  28. 28. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES Issues from the Oxford meeting  There was interest in LERU publishing further papers on scholarly communication developments  ‘Publish or Perish’ syndrome  Metrics, especially alternative metrics on impact  Issues around the ‘Big Deal’ and its consequences  Impact on publishing patterns of external review exercises such as the REF in the UK (Research Excellence Framework)
  29. 29. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES Contents 1. Introduction to the LERU Roadmap 2. Benefits of Open Access 3. LERU Open Access Roadmap 4. Documentation to support the Roadmap 5. E-Press Interests 6. Conclusions
  30. 30. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES Conclusions  Roadmap Towards Open Access agreed by all LERU members  Universities can appoint senior Officer to champion Open Access issues locally  Interest in collaboration amongst smaller LERU University Presses  Particularly in Open Access monograph publishing  Further position papers/studies in a number of areas in Scholarly Communication will be produced by LERU members  LERU Roadmap is a map which all European Universities could use
  31. 31. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES And …  Thank you for listening  Further presentations and discussion to follow

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