Primary resources (audio)


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  • Welcome to our short tutorial on Primary Resources in Cell Biology
  • First off, what are primary resources? Let’s start with a dictionary definition from Pharmaceutical Medicine Dictionary
  • In summary, a primary research article is scholarly, academic and peer reviewed.
  • How can you find primary research articles?
  • Primary research articles contain the following components:
  • The title of the article lets you know what the article is about.
  • Credentials and authority are important because they tell you who wrote the article and where the author/researcher comes from.
  • An abstract is a summary of the article – this is an easy and quick way to find out if the article is research-based and relevant to your topic.
  • The following are additional components of a research article. The introduction sets out the purpose of the article.
  • Materials and Methods shows how the research was conducted. This is important because if someone wishes to replicate this research, they can then follow the experiments listed in the article
  • Tables, graphs and images will show the raw data and the results of the research
  • The results are where you will see the original data and the discussion is where the author will try and prove that the research is valid.
  • The conclusions will sum up the article and let you know what the final results of the research was.
  • Every research article will include references – this can be very helpful for you because you can find additional sources on your topic.
  • Let’s look at each of these databases to see how you can find primary literature
  • Biological Abstracts is a scholarly life sciences database. In order to ensure that you find research articles or primary research make sure that you click off the article box.
  • If you go into the record of an individual article, you will see that it includes an abstract
  • And in some cases, the methods and equipment used. This can help you identify research articles.
  • PubMed is one of the leading databases in life sciences – in order to find research articles, you will need to type in a search in the search box and click on search
  • Once you get some results, you can limit your search by clicking on more under Article types on the left-hand side of the page
  • A new window will open and you can scroll down until you see Journal Article. Click on that and then click on the show button
  • ScienceDirect is a collection of thousands of scholarly, academic research journals in the sciences. To search it, please click on the green search tab at the top of the screen.
  • Then click on the Journals tab – you can enter your search terms and under limit by document type, click on article for primary research articles and click on search
  • Note that in example #2, it actually tells you that it is an original research article.
  • Web of Science is a scholarly multidisciplinary database which covers arts and humanities, social sciences and sciences. To start your search type in your search terms and unclick the boxes next to arts and humanities and social sciences
  • Note that you can limit your results by picking a date range – for example the last 5 years and then click on the search button
  • To limit your search to research articles, click on article
  • Primary resources (audio)

    1. 1. Cell Biology
    2. 2.  What’s that?Let’s start with a dictionary definition...The information source that is derived directly from fully described (or referenced) formal observation, procedures or experiments performed with valid, scientifically accepted methods. In its strongest form, this material is usually (but not only) a paper in a refereed scientific publication.primary source. (2001). In Pharmaceutical Medicine Dictionary. Retrieved from primary_source
    3. 3. ScholarlyAcademicPeer reviewed
    4. 4.  How can you tell what a primary research article look like?
    5. 5.  Original research Abstract Credentials Research methods References
    6. 6.  Which databases will help you find primary literature? Biological Abstracts PubMed ScienceDirect Web of Science
    7. 7. Click on Article to find primaryresearch articles
    8. 8. Note the Abstractor summary of the article
    9. 9. Some articles willeven let you knowwhat methods and equipment were used
    10. 10. Type in yoursearch terms
    11. 11. Click on moreunder Articletypes to viewmore options
    12. 12. Note the different options. To find primaryresearch, click on Journal Article
    13. 13. Click on theSearch tab to start your search
    14. 14. Click on theJournals tab to start your search Under Limit by document type, click on Article for research/primary articles
    15. 15. Note that underarticle #2, it states that it is anoriginal research article
    16. 16. Type in yoursearch term and unclick SocialSciences and Artand Humanities
    17. 17. Note that you can also limit to aspecific date range
    18. 18. Note the different options. To find primaryresearch, click on Article
    19. 19. This is the end of our tutorial on Primary Research in CellBiologyPlease check out our other tutorials: Where to Start your Search Secondary Resources Smart Searching MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) Browsing Journals Acknowledging your Sources
    20. 20.  If you have any questions, please Visit the Research Help Desk Phone (807) 343-8302 Chat online with us! Email: