Geology
Objectives <ul><li>Distinguish  between the four parts of the Earth </li></ul><ul><li>Describe  the layers of the Earth </...
Four Parts of the Earth <ul><li>Atmosphere </li></ul><ul><li>Solid Earth </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrosphere  </li></ul><ul><li>...
Atmosphere <ul><li>From Earth’s surface to outer space </li></ul><ul><ul><li>50 miles  (Highline to Rocky Mountain Nationa...
Atmosphere
Solid Earth
Hydrosphere <ul><li>“ Water” </li></ul><ul><li>¾ of planet surface </li></ul><ul><li>Where? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ocean (9...
Biosphere <ul><li>“ Life” </li></ul>
Layers of the Solid Earth <ul><li>Core </li></ul><ul><li>Mantle </li></ul><ul><li>Crust </li></ul>
Core <ul><li>Very big  (1400 miles radius from center) </li></ul><ul><li>Lots of iron and nickel </li></ul><ul><li>Hot lik...
Mantle <ul><li>Most of Earth (82%) </li></ul><ul><li>Rock (1800 miles deep)  (Highline to state of Maine) </li></ul><ul><l...
Crust <ul><li>Surface (5 miles thick) </li></ul><ul><li>Cool </li></ul><ul><li>Hard </li></ul>
Three types of rock <ul><li>Igneous Rock </li></ul><ul><li>Sedimentary Rock </li></ul><ul><li>Metamorphic Rock </li></ul>
Igneous Rock <ul><li>Made from cooled lava </li></ul><ul><li>  (was completely liquid before cooled) </li></ul>
Sedimentary Rock <ul><ul><ul><li>Made from ground up pieces of rock pressed together </li></ul></ul></ul>
Metamorphic Rock <ul><li>Made by crushing and heating rock inside Earth </li></ul>
Rock Cycle
Quiz
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Geology

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  • GEO CD III 2, 5-8, 10, 14, 17-24, 245-258, 341-348, 356-361, 426-440, 217-244
  • Geology

    1. 1. Geology
    2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>Distinguish between the four parts of the Earth </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the layers of the Earth </li></ul><ul><li>Categorize the three different rock types </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate the rock cycle </li></ul>
    3. 3. Four Parts of the Earth <ul><li>Atmosphere </li></ul><ul><li>Solid Earth </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrosphere </li></ul><ul><li>Biosphere </li></ul>
    4. 4. Atmosphere <ul><li>From Earth’s surface to outer space </li></ul><ul><ul><li>50 miles (Highline to Rocky Mountain National Park) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Composition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>80% Nitrogen </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>20% oxygen </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Other gases… </li></ul></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Atmosphere
    6. 6. Solid Earth
    7. 7. Hydrosphere <ul><li>“ Water” </li></ul><ul><li>¾ of planet surface </li></ul><ul><li>Where? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ocean (97%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>80% in the southern part of Earth </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Glaciers (2%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ground Water (0.6%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lakes, streams … (0.4%) </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Biosphere <ul><li>“ Life” </li></ul>
    9. 9. Layers of the Solid Earth <ul><li>Core </li></ul><ul><li>Mantle </li></ul><ul><li>Crust </li></ul>
    10. 10. Core <ul><li>Very big (1400 miles radius from center) </li></ul><ul><li>Lots of iron and nickel </li></ul><ul><li>Hot like the sun </li></ul><ul><li>Enormous pressure (14 times higher) </li></ul><ul><li>Liquid/Solid </li></ul>
    11. 11. Mantle <ul><li>Most of Earth (82%) </li></ul><ul><li>Rock (1800 miles deep) (Highline to state of Maine) </li></ul><ul><li>Hot enough to melt most rocks </li></ul><ul><li>High pressure (3 times higher) </li></ul><ul><li>Solid with some fluid movement at surface </li></ul>
    12. 12. Crust <ul><li>Surface (5 miles thick) </li></ul><ul><li>Cool </li></ul><ul><li>Hard </li></ul>
    13. 13. Three types of rock <ul><li>Igneous Rock </li></ul><ul><li>Sedimentary Rock </li></ul><ul><li>Metamorphic Rock </li></ul>
    14. 14. Igneous Rock <ul><li>Made from cooled lava </li></ul><ul><li> (was completely liquid before cooled) </li></ul>
    15. 15. Sedimentary Rock <ul><ul><ul><li>Made from ground up pieces of rock pressed together </li></ul></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Metamorphic Rock <ul><li>Made by crushing and heating rock inside Earth </li></ul>
    17. 17. Rock Cycle
    18. 18. Quiz
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