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Xyz theories of management

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This is my presentation for Comm 201.

This is my presentation for Comm 201.

Published in: Technology, Business

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  • 1. X, Y, Z Theories of Management
    Katherine Dunn
  • 2. NOT MORE THEORES!
  • 3. Who created these theories?
  • 4. Theory X and Theory Y were created by Douglas McGregor.
  • 5. Theory Z was created by William Ouchi.
  • 6. And who uses them?
  • 7. Anyone in the Organizational Communication Field
  • 8. What is the X Theory of Management?
  • 9. Theory X is a management approach that “assumes workers are lazy, have little ambition, and are motivated by coercion and threats.”
  • 10. ldwn
    Huh?
  • 11. In other words, the manager uses fear and strict discipline to make sure his/her employees get done what needs to be done.
  • 12. Theory X may cause stress to the employees because the manager may be using harsh threats and unpleasant tones in order to achieve the overall goal.
  • 13. It also may not give the employees a chance to take any initiative because the manager is always telling them what to do before they have a chance to figure it out on their own.
  • 14. Itmay maketheworkplaceverydependentonthemanager.
  • 15. What is the Y Theoryof Management?
  • 16. Theory Y is a management approach that “assumes workers are motivated by an internal need to excel and actively pursue responsibility.”
  • 17. ldwn
    Say What?
  • 18. In other words, Theory Y managers trust their employees to get what needs to be done, done, and they don’t always tell them what to do.
  • 19. Theory Y can promote a more informal work environment, which can blur the line between a manager and an employee.
  • 20. Theory Y managers may have a harder time keeping employees in line.
  • 21. What is the Z Theoryof Management?
  • 22. Theory Z is an approach to management “that advocates matching the organization’s culture to that of the larger society and assumes that involved workers are the key to increased productivity.”
  • 23. ldwn
    I don’t understand!
  • 24. In other words, the values of certain cultures affect the way the employees work, and therefore, those values should be taken into consideration when managing employees of a certain business.
  • 25. ALSo…
    Another part of this theory is that Theory Z workers can be trusted to do their jobs to their utmost ability, so long as management can be trusted to support them.
    Boss
    Employee
  • 26. If a manager doesn’t trust his employees or the employees don’t trust the manager, this theory becomes nonexistent..
  • 27. Why does this matter?
  • 28. Knowing how different mangers manage can help…
  • 29. …promote good office chemistry…
  • 30. …and increase productivity.
  • 31. Which one would I choose?
  • 32. I would want to be a Theory Y manager and a Theory Y employee.
  • 33. “Would I rather be feared or loved? Um... Easy, both. I want people to fear how much they love me.”
    ~ Michael Scott, The Office