Douglas McGregor's Theory X and Theory Y on Employee Motivation

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Theory X and Theory Y on employee motivation helps organizations understand the changing dynamics of human behavior

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Douglas McGregor's Theory X and Theory Y on Employee Motivation

  1. 1. Theories of Employee MotivationTheory X and Theory Y
  2. 2. 2Introduction to the TheoriesCreated and developedby Douglas McGregor(1960’s)Used in HumanResources,Organization BehaviorAnalysis andOrganisationalDevelopmentPertains to humanmotivationDescribe two differentattitudes towardsworkforce motivation
  3. 3. Theory XCopyright 2013 | Saigun TechnologiesPvt. Ltd.3
  4. 4. 4What is Theory X?• Pessimistic assumptions• Impediment to employee morale & productivityAssumptions of Theory X:• Inherently Lazy and will avoid work• Only interested in money• In need of close supervisionEmployees are:• Have little ambition without incentiveprograms• Avoid responsibility• Need to be driven through control systemsEmployees:
  5. 5. Copyright 2013 | Saigun TechnologiesPvt. Ltd.5Manager adopting Theory X believes:Everything ends in blameIn blaming without evaluating the situationThat it is the their job to structure the work andenergize the employeeIn Authoritarian style based on the threat ofpunishment
  6. 6. Theory YCopyright 2013 | Saigun TechnologiesPvt. Ltd.6
  7. 7. 7What is Theory Y?• Positive assumptions• More positive view of workers and the possibilities that createenthusiasm• Ambitious, self-motivated and anxious toaccept greater responsibilityEmployees are:• Exercise self-control, self-direction,autonomy and empowerment• Exercise creativity and become forwardlookingEmployees:Assumptions of Theory Y:
  8. 8. Copyright 2013 | Saigun TechnologiesPvt. Ltd.8Manager adopting Theory Y believes:People want to do well at workThe employees are a pool of unused creativityThat the satisfaction of doing a job is in itselfmotivating
  9. 9. ConclusionCopyright 2013 | Saigun TechnologiesPvt. Ltd.9
  10. 10. Copyright 2013 | Saigun TechnologiesPvt. Ltd.10Conclusion:• These theories help future generations understand thechanging dynamics of human behavior• Represent two unrealistic extremes• Rigidity questioned• Guiding principles of management• Mix will ensure a healthy blend of systems and the freedom toperform at the work place is likely to motivate the employeesmore
  11. 11. Blend of PracticesCopyright 2013 | Saigun TechnologiesPvt. Ltd.11TheoryXTheoryYMotivation
  12. 12. Thank YouCopyright 2013 | Saigun TechnologiesPvt. Ltd.www.empxtrack.com

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