Xyz theories of management


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Xyz theories of management

  1. 1. X, Y, Z Theories of Management<br />Katherine Dunn<br />
  2. 2. NOT MORE THEORES!<br />
  3. 3. Who created these theories?<br />
  4. 4. Theory X and Theory Y were created by Douglas McGregor.<br />
  5. 5. Theory Z was created by William Ouchi.<br />
  6. 6. And who uses them?<br />
  7. 7. Anyone in the Organizational Communication Field<br />
  8. 8. What is the X Theory of Management?<br />
  9. 9. Theory X is a management approach that “assumes workers are lazy, have little ambition, and are motivated by coercion and threats.”<br />
  10. 10. ldwn<br />Huh?<br />
  11. 11. In other words, the manager uses fear and strict discipline to make sure his/her employees get done what needs to be done.<br />
  12. 12. Theory X may cause stress to the employees because the manager may be using harsh threats and unpleasant tones in order to achieve the overall goal.<br />
  13. 13. It also may not give the employees a chance to take any initiative because the manager is always telling them what to do before they have a chance to figure it out on their own.<br />
  14. 14. Itmay maketheworkplaceverydependentonthemanager.<br />
  15. 15. What is the Y Theoryof Management?<br />
  16. 16. Theory Y is a management approach that “assumes workers are motivated by an internal need to excel and actively pursue responsibility.”<br />
  17. 17. ldwn<br />Say What?<br />
  18. 18. In other words, Theory Y managers trust their employees to get what needs to be done, done, and they don’t always tell them what to do.<br />
  19. 19. Theory Y can promote a more informal work environment, which can blur the line between a manager and an employee.<br />
  20. 20. Theory Y managers may have a harder time keeping employees in line.<br />
  21. 21. What is the Z Theoryof Management?<br />
  22. 22. Theory Z is an approach to management “that advocates matching the organization’s culture to that of the larger society and assumes that involved workers are the key to increased productivity.”<br />
  23. 23. ldwn<br />I don’t understand!<br />
  24. 24. In other words, the values of certain cultures affect the way the employees work, and therefore, those values should be taken into consideration when managing employees of a certain business.<br />
  25. 25. ALSo…<br />Another part of this theory is that Theory Z workers can be trusted to do their jobs to their utmost ability, so long as management can be trusted to support them.<br />Boss<br />Employee<br />
  26. 26. If a manager doesn’t trust his employees or the employees don’t trust the manager, this theory becomes nonexistent..<br />
  27. 27. Why does this matter?<br />
  28. 28. Knowing how different mangers manage can help…<br />
  29. 29. …promote good office chemistry…<br />
  30. 30. …and increase productivity.<br />
  31. 31. Which one would I choose?<br />
  32. 32. I would want to be a Theory Y manager and a Theory Y employee.<br />
  33. 33. “Would I rather be feared or loved? Um... Easy, both. I want people to fear how much they love me.”<br />~ Michael Scott, The Office<br />