Church Contexts: Secularism




                              1
Introduction
 Antiquity: Sacred (The god’s) & Profane (outside, around the
 shrine)

 Developed: profane = not sacred

 Ch...
Introduction
 Christendom: de-secularization

 Re-secularization: common religious grounds shrinks to nothing

 Key concep...
Introduction
 Augustine ( ad.354–430): Two cities, secular as autonomous, but
 passing

 Escape from world, or collapse: d...
From beginnings to the Christian
Empire
 Secular is this age and will be replaced when Christ returns

 Resurrection: Powe...
From beginnings to the Christian
Empire
 Early Church: until 250 AD, being counter culture was
 easier

 World flows into c...
Augustine and the Secularization
of Rome
 Summer AD 404: Augustine preach, ‘Christian Triumph’ over
 empire

 AD 413 had c...
Augustine and the Secularization
of Rome
 Eusebius, Bishop/Historian (c. ad 264– c. 340): Constantine
 conversion as messi...
Augustine and the Secularization
of Rome
 Augustine: earthly city is mixed with good and bad, as is the
 church!

 Eschato...
Augustine and the Liberal
Tradition
 Secular Liberalism: State is contract by people, not human nature

 Max Lerner, “Free...
Augustine and the Liberal
Tradition
 L Newbigin: Plausibility structures, inability to transmit moral values

 Augustine: ...
Augustine and the Liberal
Tradition
 Augustine: great value to world, but due to fall, we should be
 suspicious of any sto...
Augustine and the Liberal
Tradition
 Augustine: eschatology, there is gap between world and church
 that cannot be closed ...
Augustine to Christendom
 Within 100 years of Constantine's conversion, Christian = Roman

 Ascetic: withdrawal from world...
Augustine to Christendom
 Augustine’s Time: Church looked for God in the culture to connect
 with it

 Gregory Great: seve...
Augustine to Christendom
 Gap between church and world was closed

 Christianity then imported into western europe/Germany...
Implications
 What is sacred and secular for us today?

 How might US new Christendom?

 What can it learn from Augustine ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Session Vi Secularism & The Church

831
-1

Published on

Published in: Spiritual
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
831
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
15
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

















  • Session Vi Secularism & The Church

    1. 1. Church Contexts: Secularism 1
    2. 2. Introduction Antiquity: Sacred (The god’s) & Profane (outside, around the shrine) Developed: profane = not sacred Christianity: Sacred = beliefs, Profane: renounced in conversion Christians began in the secular! No secular: ontologically Yet In practice: exists as place without reference/order to Jesus Christendom: no secular space/place 2
    3. 3. Introduction Christendom: de-secularization Re-secularization: common religious grounds shrinks to nothing Key concept: how do we practice our religion, and where in culture? Church responses: anabaptist (withdraw), RO (pre-modern), E/C (Collapse into) etc? Early Church: saw themselves as separate from society & culture Christendom: Christians so influential had new role as society 3
    4. 4. Introduction Augustine ( ad.354–430): Two cities, secular as autonomous, but passing Escape from world, or collapse: don’t work Augustine Resisted Christendom 4
    5. 5. From beginnings to the Christian Empire Secular is this age and will be replaced when Christ returns Resurrection: Powers overcome already, clock ticking, limited Church: where Jesus is Lord now, distinct from secular world Church: proclaims and shows eschatological gap of world and people, between resurrection and parousia Christians: “Third Race” like Jews, Romans - Sect vs Cult Roman plurality: it’s downfall, and turn to Christianity Christianity: alternative ‘polis’, new social order 5
    6. 6. From beginnings to the Christian Empire Early Church: until 250 AD, being counter culture was easier World flows into church: how do you deal with success? Persecuted Church: did not develop resources for success Christendom: embrace, you don’t become but are born Christian and Roman 6
    7. 7. Augustine and the Secularization of Rome Summer AD 404: Augustine preach, ‘Christian Triumph’ over empire AD 413 had changed his mind Christian Anxiety over role change in Empire & Power Response: 1) Cult Martyrs 2) Attention to church history 3) Asceticism (denial) (What do we need to do now Christendom is past/here?) 7
    8. 8. Augustine and the Secularization of Rome Eusebius, Bishop/Historian (c. ad 264– c. 340): Constantine conversion as messianic Tertullian ( c. 160– c. 240): What has Athens to do with Jerusalem? Augustine: we live in mixture, two cities Augustine: nothing sacred about Rome, it could pass anytime (and did) Resisted: making the world sacred, or all profane 8
    9. 9. Augustine and the Secularization of Rome Augustine: earthly city is mixed with good and bad, as is the church! Eschatology & Teleology: difference between city of Heaven and governments/rulers (city of Earth) Governments: second order, no matter how good and passing Church: Experience of kingdom, declaration and eternal formation 9
    10. 10. Augustine and the Liberal Tradition Secular Liberalism: State is contract by people, not human nature Max Lerner, “Freedom plus groceries”, is the modern state Secularism: refusal to commit to any theological anthropology & cosmology Secularism: tolerant, won’t enforce beliefs (except it’s view of beliefs!) Enlightenment: scientific method disconnected world from teleology, ethics and virtue, leaving contract and individualism 10
    11. 11. Augustine and the Liberal Tradition L Newbigin: Plausibility structures, inability to transmit moral values Augustine: rejected this secular, lapsarian view to explain sin, rift in behaviour, disordered life etc Augustine misunderstood: fall does not mean world that is unable to achieve any good, so let’s contract, but it is passing Augustine: very high view of world, but through the fall Two liberal state views: state gives vision of community, or communities give vision and state protect them in that 11
    12. 12. Augustine and the Liberal Tradition Augustine: great value to world, but due to fall, we should be suspicious of any story of public life/community other than Kingdom Augustine: would accept good ordered society, but not pagan ones Augustine: City of heaven is the true public, res publica Rulers: must do their best but will fail State: Can adopt Christian values, but not make excessive claims! 12
    13. 13. Augustine and the Liberal Tradition Augustine: eschatology, there is gap between world and church that cannot be closed (due to fall etc)! Augustine would say: Democracy is not Christian, no matter how good Augustine: we cannot force Christian values on society But we live them, in the church, and proclaim them, and support our roles in society 13
    14. 14. Augustine to Christendom Within 100 years of Constantine's conversion, Christian = Roman Ascetic: withdrawal from world to cope Augustine: Allowed for mediocrity, due to fall Augustine: use of the world, enjoyment correct use and re- ordering Augustine’s time: Baptism as conversion, participate in most of society as secular By pope Gregory Great, 6th century (200 years later): All is Christian 14
    15. 15. Augustine to Christendom Augustine’s Time: Church looked for God in the culture to connect with it Gregory Great: severance from culture and tradition, only church culture Cassiodorus: In between Augustine and Gregory Great Roman secular educate elite, converted later in life, founded monastic movement He wrote about powerful pagans converting, but none by time of Gregory 15
    16. 16. Augustine to Christendom Gap between church and world was closed Christianity then imported into western europe/Germany Church became safe in the world 16
    17. 17. Implications What is sacred and secular for us today? How might US new Christendom? What can it learn from Augustine & Church history? Cult, Sect? How should we live in the world? What’s your/church eschatology/teleology? How do we unmask secularism as a controlling religion? How do you see the church as public, modern/E/C, in and out of the world? 17
    1. A particular slide catching your eye?

      Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

    ×