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Session Ix The Form Of Church In Scripture


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Session Ix The Form Of Church In Scripture

  1. 1. The form of Church in scripture “The Desire of Nations” - Oliver O’Donovan 1
  2. 2. Introduction Can we trace/delineate from OT and NT, and church history the nature of Church? In contrast to hydroponic ecclesiologies Or Social Movements setting imagination for Church How does bible and church history imagine/conceptualize church? Is there a giveness to church? We start with the history of Israel Suggest that it is in Israel, all categories for church are to be made 2
  3. 3. God’s Kingship Yhwh Malak - God is King 1) Geophysically, 2) Control of other nations 3) Justice for the poor Not just religious but for a way of life That life for Israel is to extend to others 3 Kingly Affirmations: 1) Israel Victory 2) Israel Judgment 3) Possession (Land) as immediacy Gathering: acclaim of the King, and identity, worship 3
  4. 4. Mediation Land: presence of God his immediacy with Israel King: pro and anti monarch in OT King: enforced God’s laws, but did not posses, only God did Law: as extension of possession, ordering, and immediacy Law: in face of pluralism, and rise of other empires, not of God 4
  5. 5. The individual in OT In OT community is prior to individual unlike in the west Concern for individual in OT, call on God for ...1) Ill Health 2) suffering 3) Guilt Wisdom individuals: Solomon, Joseph, for direction of communities Prophet: God’s complaint to the people and the people’s complaint to God Exile: faithful individual in exile 5
  6. 6. Fulfilling of Time Jesus miracles: disclosure of God’s authority Jesus directed power at the forces that stop Israel living as community of God’s people Jesus did not disempower Rome He empowered God’s people Jesus made the law a possession for all By making it internal, vs Pharisees external Jesus: 12 disciples (tribes), 70 (elders), authority of Israel 6
  7. 7. Triumph of the Kingdom Church: the place where the rule of God is realized and proclaimed Two roles meet in Jesus: David King, and Suffering servant Death: overthrow of rebellious Israel Resurrection: God’s new triumph Possession of the Land, fulfilled in possession of the Law, is fulfilled in Christ the end of the Law Christ event: 3 elements of 1) power 2) judgment 3) possession 7
  8. 8. 4 Acts of the Christ Event 1) Advent 2) Passion 3) Restoration 4) Exaltation Advent: appearing of Jesus, kenosis into humanity, Kingdom Passion: Judgment of this world in it’s falleness Restoration: Second Adam, New Humanity, recreation Exaltation: Ascension, veiled, public vindication of Jesus Roman Empire ( & we) exist between ascension and parousia Governments: thrust back by Christ’s victory, or try to overwhelm the church 8
  9. 9. Authorisation of the Church The future age has a social presence, a community under the authority of the Ancient of days, the Church Dual Israel identity: exilic (side by side), post-exilic (alien in foreign land) Citizenship is in Heaven: political ordering, vs sociological direction Church is authorized by the spirit, it is the public of the Holy Spirit Pentecost: Church by Spirit represents and participates in the Christ event! Churches too often are isolated from all movements of Christ event...(pto) 9
  10. 10. Structure of the Church Losing site of Church rooted in Kingship of Christ event means being ruled by another king What systems are ruling our lives and are we forming church around? Church has identity independent of it’s ministries Ecclesiology is not completely flexible around Christian identity Church structure always play catch up with mission of the Spirit Should be some signs/structuring to those 4 movements Lots of arguments over that in church history :-) (Sacraments) 10
  11. 11. 4 Movements in action 1. Advent: Church is a gathering community Church is not one of many decisions, but the ultimate decision (by baptism) A new social order and identity Incorporation into body of Jesus, and mission with others Compare to church and supporting my own identity from others? 11
  12. 12. 4 Movements in action 2. Passion: A suffering community Sharing in the suffering of Jesus, the cruciform life In western world, unmasking the alienation of consumerism Living our faith in public What does it mean to suffer today as the body? 12
  13. 13. 4 Movements in action 3. Restoration: The church joins in the restoration of creation It enters into new way of living Household codes, of 1 Peter, Ephesians, and Colossians Our week, our time, our space, our family How does that look in a consumer and secular society? 13
  14. 14. 4 Movements in action 4. Exaltation: The church speaks the words of God Prophecy: God to us Prayer: Us to God Prophecy by church: in admin, art, music, work Prayer: Manifestation of God’s rule, invoking spirit for impossible tasks of Kingdom living, ill health, death and suffering faith What happens when we don’t recapitulate the 4 movements of the Christ event? Evangelical = mission, Liberal = Social Justice, Romantic Church = suffering, Charismatic = triumph 14
  15. 15. Conclusion In medieval times the church turned sacraments into self development Baptism for birth, confirmation for growth, Eucharist for nourishment regularly, ordination for socialisation, marriage for propagation of society, penance for healing, extreme unction for death... What approaches are your and our churches taking today to the Christ event? Churches fail when they look to external narratives for their formation (new social movements etc) 15