Session Iv Post Modernity


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  • Session Iv Post Modernity

    1. 1. Church Contexts Post-Modernity
    2. 2. Introduction Some prehistorical sightings of word in 1870 inwards, but mostly used in 1980’s Becomes catch all term for anything Art world word forgetting about it going beyond But in humanities it’s integrated into all areas of study in western world. It has become part of everyday speech
    3. 3. Multiple Meanings We can say Freud began psychoanalysis, and detect schools of thought We cannot do same with postmodernism, no founder, or school Multiple disciplines have defined and used the term in multiple ways Postmodernism has proliferated in meaning
    4. 4. Multiple Meanings Incompatible meanings between disciplines and definitions is part of the nature of postmodernism Used in popular culture as vague term for anything contemporary and ironic, or as general name for moment in history Meaning argued over in literary criticism, one major discipline particularly concerned with post-modernism
    5. 5. Distinction Postmodernism as social and economic, or cultural Both inform the others, but have different focus Technically postmodernism refers to cultural aspect, whilst post- modernity refers to social conditions Lots of writers now use postmodernism to refer to both!
    6. 6. Some Common Themes Used as term by people in elite way, for intellectualism, but is valid in others ways There are some identifiable themes in the multiple strands and meanings 1. Culture: Societies culture and lifestyle has changed significantly from 100, 50 or even 30 years ago 2. Concrete: develop of real things like IT, mass media, consumer culture etc
    7. 7. Some Common Themes 3. Abstract: that the development of these things has affect how we understand meaning, identity and reality 4. Analysis: That the old ways of analyzing and understanding don’t work in our new context and we need new approaches, and new vocabularies for the present How can we be after modern? We still have ongoing modernisation.
    8. 8. Modernity and Enlightenment Post modern critics see modernity as a project of enlightenment with key elements (despite the various versions of modernity!) These themes of modernity are often: Progress, optimism, rationality, search for absolute truth, knowledge of true self Key modern thinkers: Kant, Hegel,Voltaire
    9. 9. Modernity and Enlightenment European arrogance in seeing themselves as enlightened and need to take to others: colonialism Post-modernism description of break from these and active critique: Exhaustion, pessimism, irrationality, disillusionment from idea of absolute knowledge. Umberto Eco: argued return to medieval thinking
    10. 10. Modernity and Enlightenment Broad themes of post-modernity: 1. Erosion of distinction between high and low 2. Domination of the visual 3. Questioning of meaning and how signs communicate 4. Definitions of being human and identity change (anthropology) 5. Skepticism of meta-narratives, of people’s stories and ideas of progress
    11. 11. Modernity and Modernisation Modernity connected to modernisation, and modernisation is ongoing aspect of current western rest of world! Some version of post-modernity are a break with modernity, some are extension, some are both No clean break between modernity and post modernity just no such thing with modern and medieval Time and looking back with allow us to clarify better maybe!
    12. 12. Conclusion Postmodernism is largely the negative, and apophatic No clear definition Continuation and break with modernity Culture and social conditions Some argue we can label things as postmodern.
    13. 13. Conclusion Others argue we can’t, in that we bring our ideas to it, but don’t define and discover a quality in it (and that is a postmodern understanding of meaning in that process!) In other words it’s nature is to defy definition. Best understood as an elastic critical category with a range of applications, and potential understandings.
    14. 14. Conclusion If post-modernity is death/end/break most common we’ll see are: 1. End of history: skepticism to idea of progress, and unity of events in history. (progress enlightenment project) 2. End of Man: post-human construction with technology, society has made our anthropology and this is changing. ( self agency/anthropology) 3. Death of real: abandonment of pursuit of absolute truth, and preference for temporary, superficial, artifice, and how signs relate to reality (meaning)