“COLOR in a picture is like enthusiasmin life” --by Pablo Picasso
WHAT FEELINGS DO THEFOLLOWING COLORS CREATE?
Jane Anybody 2nd Course NameTake out your Whiteboards For each of the following color slides, Write one or two words that relate to the emotions created by the following colors Then hold up your whiteboards for the teacher to see
COLOR Is the visual perceptual property Corresponding in humans To the categories called red, yellow, blue and others
COLOR Color derives from the spectrum of light (distribution of light energy versus wavelength) Interacting in the eye with the spectral sensitivities of the light receptors
COLOR Color categories and physical specifications of color are also associated with objects, materials, light sources, etc. Based on their physical properties such as light absorption Reflection or emission spectra
COLOR Color is one of the most powerful of the artistic elements It has tremendous expressive qualities. Understanding the uses of color is crucial to effective composition in design A knowledge of color terms helps us to appreciate the different ways that color may be used in art and design
Reminder: The Elements• LINE• SPACE• COLOR• SHAPE AND MASS• TEXTURE• PATTERN
Remember this picture? An example of lines Also an excellent illustration of vibrant color 21
Color Systems Color classification "systems" have been devised to organize and identify color relationships A most familiar one is the 12 hue "Color Wheel" introduced by Johannes Itten (1888-1967)
Light Spectrum The spectrum is the colors of the rainbow arranged in their natural order: Red - Orange - Yellow - Green - Blue - Indigo - Violet. The mnemonic for this is ROY G BIV Or RGB
Hues A hue is one of the colors of the spectrum Hue is the correct word to use to refer to just the pure spectrum colors Any given color can be described in terms of its value and hue In addition, a range of physical phenomena and psychological effects combine to affect our perceptions of a color
Hues on a Color Wheel Hues have a circular order as illustrated in the color wheel The color wheel is a useful device to help us explain the relationships between Primary, Secondary and Tertiary colors
Color Wheel (using Hues)
Three Main Color Classifications
Color Classifications Primary colors These colors are pure-you can’t create them from other colors and all others are created from them. Red, blue, and yellow Secondary colors These colors are formed when equal parts of two primary colors are combined. Orange, green, and violet Intermediate colors-These colors are formed by mixing a primary color with a secondary color next to it. All kinds of other colors….
Primary Colors On the color wheel Places the PRIMARY colors equidistant from each other.
Which ones are the PrimaryColors?
Secondary Colors In-between the primaries are the "SECONDARY" colors. In between the primary and secondary colors are the INTERMEDIATES (also called the TERTIARIES).
Creating Secondary Colors Secondary colors are made by mixing two primary colors together: red and yellow to get orange yellow and blue to get green red and blue to get purple + = + = + =
Note… The secondary color you get depends on the proportions in which you mix the two primaries
Secondary Colors Which are the secondary colors?
Tertiary Colors If you mix three primary colors together, you get a tertiary color Also thought of as a combination of primary and secondary colors
The Six Tertiary colors Red-Orange Yellow-Orange Yellow-Green Blue-Green Blue-Violet Red-VioletWhat is another place where you have heard the term Tertiary?
Easy way to remember names An easy way to remember these names is to place the primary name before the other color So, the tertiary color produced when mixing the primary color blue with the secondary color green, is called blue-green“ And so on…
Tertiary Which are the tertiary colors?
COLOR HARMONIES 40
Harmonies In decoration, harmony refers to a combination of colors that is pleasing to the eye
The Color Harmonies Monochromatic Complimentary Split Complimentary Triadic Analogous
Monochromatic One Color – Different shades The monochromatic color scheme uses variations in lightness and saturation of a single color This scheme looks clean and elegant Monochromatic colors go well together producing a soothing effect The monochromatic scheme is very easy on the eyes, especially with blue or green hues
Monochromatic You can use it to establish an overall mood The primary color can be integrated with neutral colors such as black, white, or gray However, it can be difficult, when using this scheme, to highlight the most important elements.
COMPLIMENTARY Colors that are opposite each other on the color wheel are considered to be complementary colors example: red and green The high contrast of complementary colors creates a vibrant look especially when used at full saturation This color scheme must be managed well so it is not jarring
COMPLIMENTARY Complementary colors are tricky to use in large doses, but work well when you want something to stand out Complementary colors are really bad for text
SPLIT COMPLIMENTARY The split-complementary color scheme is a variation of the complementary color scheme In addition to the base color, it uses the two colors adjacent to its complement
SPLIT COMPLIMENTARY This color scheme has the same strong visual contrast as the complementary color scheme but has less tension. The split-complimentary color scheme is often a good choice for beginners because it is difficult to mess up
TRIADIC A triadic color scheme uses colors that are evenly spaced around the color wheel Triadic color harmonies tend to be quite vibrant, even if you use pale or unsaturated versions of your hues
TRIADIC To use a triadic harmony successfully, the colors should be carefully balanced let one color dominate and use the two others for accent
ANALAGOUS Analogous color schemes use colors that are next to each other on the color wheel They usually match well and create serene and comfortable designs
ANALAGOUS Analogous color schemes are often found in nature and are harmonious and pleasing to the eye Make sure you have enough contrast when choosing an analogous color scheme
ANALAGOUS Choose one color to dominate A second to support The third color is used along with black, white or gray as an accent
What were the Color HarmoniesAgain? Monochromatic Complimentary Split Complimentary Triadic Analogous