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Elements intro-color


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Elements intro-color

  1. 1. LIFE’S RAINBOW… Photo by L. E. Denyer
  3. 3. “COLOR in a picture is like enthusiasmin life”  --by Pablo Picasso
  5. 5. Jane Anybody 2nd Course NameTake out your Whiteboards For each of the following color slides,  Write one or two words that relate to the emotions created by the following colors  Then hold up your whiteboards for the teacher to see
  6. 6. COLOR Is the visual perceptual property Corresponding in humans To the categories called red, yellow, blue and others
  7. 7. COLOR Color derives from the spectrum of light  (distribution of light energy versus wavelength) Interacting in the eye  with the spectral sensitivities of the light receptors
  8. 8. COLOR Color categories and physical specifications of color are also associated with  objects, materials, light sources, etc. Based on their physical properties such as  light absorption  Reflection  or emission spectra
  9. 9. COLOR Color is one of the most powerful of the artistic elements  It has tremendous expressive qualities.  Understanding the uses of color is crucial to effective composition in design A knowledge of color terms helps us to appreciate the different ways that color may be used in art and design
  10. 10. Reminder: The Elements• LINE• SPACE• COLOR• SHAPE AND MASS• TEXTURE• PATTERN
  11. 11. Remember this picture? An example of lines Also an excellent illustration of vibrant color 21
  12. 12. Color Systems Color classification "systems" have been devised to organize and identify color relationships A most familiar one is the 12 hue "Color Wheel"  introduced by Johannes Itten (1888-1967)
  13. 13. Light Spectrum
  14. 14. Light Spectrum The spectrum is the colors of the rainbow  arranged in their natural order:  Red - Orange - Yellow - Green - Blue - Indigo - Violet. The mnemonic for this is ROY G BIV  Or RGB
  15. 15. Hues A hue is one of the colors of the spectrum Hue is the correct word to use to refer to just the pure spectrum colors Any given color can be described in terms of its value and hue In addition, a range of physical phenomena and psychological effects combine  to affect our perceptions of a color
  16. 16. Hues on a Color Wheel Hues have a circular order as illustrated in the color wheel The color wheel is a useful device to help us explain the relationships between Primary, Secondary and Tertiary colors
  17. 17. Color Wheel (using Hues)
  18. 18. Three Main Color Classifications
  19. 19. Color Classifications Primary colors  These colors are pure-you can’t create them from other colors and all others are created from them.  Red, blue, and yellow Secondary colors  These colors are formed when equal parts of two primary colors are combined.  Orange, green, and violet Intermediate colors-These colors are formed by mixing a primary color with a secondary color next to it.  All kinds of other colors….
  20. 20. Primary Colors On the color wheel Places the PRIMARY colors equidistant from each other.
  21. 21. Which ones are the PrimaryColors?
  22. 22. Secondary Colors In-between the primaries are the "SECONDARY" colors. In between the primary and secondary colors are the INTERMEDIATES  (also called the TERTIARIES).
  23. 23. Creating Secondary Colors Secondary colors are made by mixing two primary colors together:  red and yellow to get orange  yellow and blue to get green  red and blue to get purple + = + = + =
  24. 24. Note… The secondary color you get depends on the proportions in which you mix the two primaries
  25. 25. Secondary Colors Which are the secondary colors?
  26. 26. Tertiary Colors If you mix three primary colors together,  you get a tertiary color Also thought of as a combination of primary and secondary colors
  27. 27. The Six Tertiary colors Red-Orange Yellow-Orange Yellow-Green Blue-Green Blue-Violet Red-VioletWhat is another place where you have heard the term Tertiary?
  28. 28. Easy way to remember names An easy way to remember these names is to place the primary name before the other color So, the tertiary color produced when mixing the primary color blue with the secondary color green, is called blue-green“  And so on…
  29. 29. Tertiary Which are the tertiary colors?
  30. 30. COLOR HARMONIES 40
  31. 31. Harmonies In decoration, harmony refers to a combination of colors that is pleasing to the eye
  32. 32. The Color Harmonies Monochromatic Complimentary Split Complimentary Triadic Analogous
  33. 33. Monochromatic One Color – Different shades The monochromatic color scheme uses variations in lightness and saturation of a single color This scheme looks clean and elegant Monochromatic colors go well together  producing a soothing effect The monochromatic scheme is very easy on the eyes,  especially with blue or green hues
  34. 34. Monochromatic You can use it to establish an overall mood The primary color can be integrated with neutral colors such as  black, white, or gray However, it can be difficult, when using this scheme, to highlight the most important elements.
  35. 35. COMPLIMENTARY Colors that are opposite each other on the color wheel are considered to be complementary colors  example: red and green The high contrast of complementary colors creates a vibrant look especially when used at full saturation  This color scheme must be managed well so it is not jarring
  36. 36. COMPLIMENTARY Complementary colors are tricky to use in large doses,  but work well when you want something to stand out Complementary colors are really bad for text
  37. 37. SPLIT COMPLIMENTARY The split-complementary color scheme is a variation of the complementary color scheme In addition to the base color,  it uses the two colors adjacent to its complement
  38. 38. SPLIT COMPLIMENTARY This color scheme has the same strong visual contrast as the complementary color scheme  but has less tension. The split-complimentary color scheme is often a good choice for beginners  because it is difficult to mess up
  39. 39. TRIADIC A triadic color scheme uses colors that are evenly spaced around the color wheel Triadic color harmonies tend to be quite vibrant, even if you use pale or unsaturated versions of your hues
  40. 40. TRIADIC To use a triadic harmony successfully,  the colors should be carefully balanced  let one color dominate  and use the two others for accent
  41. 41. ANALAGOUS Analogous color schemes use colors that are next to each other on the color wheel They usually match well and create serene and comfortable designs
  42. 42. ANALAGOUS Analogous color schemes are often found in nature and are harmonious and pleasing to the eye Make sure you have enough contrast when choosing an analogous color scheme
  43. 43. ANALAGOUS Choose one color to dominate A second to support The third color is used  along with black, white or gray  as an accent
  44. 44. What were the Color HarmoniesAgain? Monochromatic Complimentary Split Complimentary Triadic Analogous