DRUGS FOR THERESPIRATORY SYSTEM BY: JERROLD WILLIAMS MEDICAL TREMINAOLOGY
WHAT IS A RESPIRATORY INFECTION?A Respiratory infection is any infection that is located in the respiratory tract.Symptoms of Respiratory infections•Shortness of breath•Shortness of breath on exertion•Syncope•Dyspnoea•Chest pain•Tachycardia•Tachypnoea•Fatigue
THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM• The respiratory system extends from the nose to the pulmonary capillaries inside of the lungs. It performs the essential function of gas exchange between the body, and its environment. In other words, it takes in oxygen and expels carbon dioxide.
Drugs used to improve respiratory symptoms are available in inhalation. and systemic formulations. These drugs include: Classification1. Antibiotic – Kills bacteria caused by a upper respiratory infection.2. Antihistamine – Blocks the effect of the histamine that has been released by the body during an allergy attack.3. Antitussive – Relieves the urge to cough. Types of Medication Interventionsi. Ciproii. Allegraiii. Hycodan
CIPROBrand Name(s): Cipro• What is Cipro?Cipro (ciprofloxacin) is an oral medication, that is classifiedin the antibiotic in a group of drugs called“fluoroquinolones.” It is used to fight bacteria in the body.Cipro is also used to treat different types of bacterialinfections. It works by stopping the growth of bacteria.• Did You Know?This antibiotic treats only bacterial infections. It will notwork for virus infections (e.g., common colds, and the flu).
SIDE EFFECTS• Nausea• diarrhea• dizziness• lightheadedness• Headache• trouble sleeping• severe/persistent headache• vision changes• shaking (tremors)• seizures• severe dizziness• fainting• fast/irregular heartbeat• mental/mood changes (e.g., anxiety, confusion, hallucinations, depression, and rare thoughts of suicide).
ALLEGRABrand Name: AllegraGeneric Name: fexofenadine• What is Allegra?Fexofenadine is an antihistamine that works byblocking a certain natural substance (histamine) thatyour body makes during an allergic reaction.
SIDE EFFECTS• Cough• fever• Upset stomach• rash• Itching or swelling (especially of the face, tongue, and throat)• severe dizziness• trouble breathing
HYCODANBrand Name(s): Hycodan, Tussigon• What is Hycodan? This medication is used to relieve a dry cough usuallycaused by the common respiratory cold. Relieving a coughhelps you get more rest and sleep.• Did you know? This product contains 2 medications, hydrocodone andhomatropine. Hydrocodone is a narcotic cough suppressant(antitussive) that works on certain centers in the brain to stop theurge to cough. Homatropine belongs to a class of drugs knownas anticholinergics.
SIDE EFFECTS• Lightheadedness• dizziness• drowsiness• vision changes• vomiting• constipation may also occurNausea commonly occurs with the use of hydrocodone and usually goes away after the first few doses.