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Imposed ethno-centric assumptions and blinded researchers to contrary evidence
Represented social reality as “static” - neglected ambiguity, contradiction and change
Failed to recognize the relationship between attitudes/norms and behaviour
Bronislaw Malinowski The ‘inventor’ of the concept of participant-observation’
Participant observation produces ethnography But there are different ways of ‘doing’ PO Malinowski privileged observation Geertz privileged participation PO does not create conflict between qualitative and quantitative methods – but establishes a productive context for applying them appropriately
1. Learn your ‘new culture’ as a BA or a LI. Obviously time does not permit us to learn a real culture, therefore we have created two caricatured cultures that we hope will permit you to gain some experience of what it feels like to try and understand a different culture.
2. Make a short field trip to the other ‘culture’. We will simultaneously exchange small groups of ‘researchers’ to do fieldwork among the other ‘culture’.
When you are not researching on a field trip you will be BA-ing or LI-ing, depending on your culture.
Everyone will have the opportunity of visiting the other culture and writing fieldnotes.